A Refutal Of The Unitarian Doctrine Of The Oneness Of The Godhead: Why The Father, Son And Holy Spirit Cannot Be One Person With Different Manifestations

The unitarian school of thought believes that God is one person who manifested in different forms as the Father in creation, the Son in redemption, and the Holy Spirit in the indwelling of believers. Also referred to as modalism, unitarianism teaches that the Father was God above us, the Son was God with us on earth, and the Holy Spirit is God in us, one person with three different dispensational manifestations. How does the doctrine of modalism stand in the light of the Bible? Is the Godhead really one person manifesting in different forms, or are there more than one divine persons? This article seeks to answer these questions by a close examination of the Scriptures.

1 John 5:7 For there are three that bear witness in heaven: the Father, the Word, and the Holy Spirit; and these three are one (NKJ).

The text above tells us of three that bear witness in heaven: the Father, the Word and the Holy Spirit. Now, the question is, “three what?” We all know witnesses to be persons. For there to be three witnesses in heaven in relation to divinity can only mean there are three divine persons in heaven, not one! You can’t have “three different manifestations of one person” as three witnesses in heaven! To start with, the three manifestations can never occur together, since it’s one person undergoing transformation into the other, so you can’t have all three manifestations occurring simultaneously in heaven. Besides, according to modalists, only the Father manifested in heaven (God above us), as the Son manifested on earth (God with us), and the Holy Spirit manifests in the believers (God in us). Even considering manifestations as witnesses, you can’t have the three manifestations occurring simultaneously as three witnesses in heaven! It’s not only absurd, it’s impossible!

Modalists will be quick to tell you the three witnesses are actually one person, as the latter part of that text says, “…and these three are one”. That doesn’t prove anything, because two or more people can be one in many ways. In marriage for instance, a man leaves his father and mother and is joined to his wife, and the two become one. Do the couple in the union cease to be two separate individuals by being described as one? Surely the oneness referred to here is not literal but figurative? Christ also prayed for all believers to be one as he and the Father are one. Now, was he praying for all believers to become one person? Of course not! We all know he was praying for believers to be united in spirit and purpose. Suffice it to say that the oneness being referred to here is not literal, but figurative. It refers to unity of will, purpose and action, amongst others, as we shall see later.

However, some scholars don’t believe the text in 1John 5:7 was in the more authentic early manuscripts, and so advocate that it should not be accepted as inspired. On account of that, a lot of newer versions of the Bible don’t include that verse in their translations. So, we’ll leave this verse and look at other portions of Scripture as we try to refute the unitarian doctrine.

Let’s examine the incarnation story. According to unitarians, God who had manifested as the Father above, left heaven and took on flesh to dwell among men, in order to redeem us, becoming the Son (God with us). So, at that point in time, since it’s only one person playing the various roles, there should be no God in heaven since he was now on earth as the Son. Heaven should be devoid of any Godhead during the incarnation and earthly ministry of the Son, as the Father role had been collapsed, and all the Godhead was now on earth in the Son. Right? Let’s test this theory with Scripture. Let’s jump right to the baptism of Jesus and see what happened there.

Matthew 3:13 Then Jesus came from Galilee to John at the Jordan to be baptized by him.

Matthew 3:14 And John tried to prevent Him, saying, “I need to be baptized by You, and are You coming to me?”

Matthew 3:15 But Jesus answered and said to him, “Permit it to be so now, for thus it is fitting for us to fulfill all righteousness.” Then he allowed Him.

Matthew 3:16 When He had been baptized, Jesus came up immediately from the water; and behold, the heavens were opened to Him, and He saw the Spirit of God descending like a dove and alighting upon Him.

Matthew 3:17 And suddenly a voice came from heaven, saying, “This is My beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased.” (NKJV).

As soon as Jesus came out of the water at his baptism, heaven opened up and the Holy Spirit descended upon him, while another voice spoke from heaven acknowledging Jesus as his beloved Son! Now, this shatters the modalists’ theory into a thousand pieces! There shouldn’t be anyone left in heaven to call Jesus his beloved Son, since the Father was now the Son and was no longer in heaven. There shouldn’t be any Holy Spirit to descend upon Jesus because it wasn’t yet time for the manifestation of the Holy Spirit, since this was the Sonship era. There should be no Father and no Holy Spirit in the picture here! It should be Jesus only, as the only manifestation of God at this point. Yet, we see the Father in heaven speaking to acknowledge the Son on earth, while the Holy Spirit was anointing him. We see the three bearing witness at the same time in one place here : Father, Son and Holy Spirit, three district and separate entities, all acting simultaneously!

Throughout his ministry on earth, Jesus repeatedly talked of his Father in heaven in real time, as someone who was in existence at that point in time. He repeatedly prayed to the Father and even got immediate verbal responses (heard by others too) from his Father in heaven in some instances. Why would Jesus pray to a non-existent Father in heaven, if he alone was the entirety of the Godhead and was now on earth? Who responded to his prayers from heaven? If Jesus was all there was to the Godhead, then he didn’t need to pray to anyone, being all the God there is! If he was all of God manifested in one person, with no other divine person(s) existing anywhere else, there was no need for him to pray or look up to heaven to give thanks. There was absolutely no need for him to keep referring to a Father in heaven! When Peter acknowledged Jesus as the Messiah, Jesus responded by saying that only the Father in heaven could have given that revelation to Peter. Now, at what point did the heavenly Father give that revelation of who Christ was to Peter? Before or after the incarnation of Christ? Of course it was after the incarnation! This makes the Father and the Son two different persons, because the Father was still existing even after the incarnation of Christ!

John 11:41 Then they took away the stone from the place where the dead man was lying. And Jesus lifted up His eyes and said, “Father, I thank You that You have heard Me.

John 11:42 And I know that You always hear Me, but because of the people who are standing by I said this, that they may believe that You sent Me.” (NKJV).

John 12:26 If anyone serves Me, let him follow Me; and where I am, there My servant will be also. If anyone serves Me, him My Father will honor.

John 12:27 “Now My soul is troubled, and what shall I say? ‘Father, save Me from this hour’? But for this purpose I came to this hour.

John 12:28 Father, glorify Your name.” Then a voice came from heaven, saying, “I have both glorified it and will glorify it again.”

John 12:29 Therefore the people who stood by and heard it said that it had thundered. Others said, “An angel has spoken to Him.”

John 12:30 Jesus answered and said, “This voice did not come because of Me, but for your sake (NKJV).

Matthew 17:1 Now after six days Jesus took Peter, James, and John his brother, led them up on a high mountain by themselves;

Matthew 17:2 and He was transfigured before them. His face shone like the sun, and His clothes became as white as the light.

Matthew 17:3 And behold, Moses and Elijah appeared to them, talking with Him.

Matthew 17:4 Then Peter answered and said to Jesus, “Lord, it is good for us to be here; if You wish, let us make here three tabernacles: one for You, one for Moses, and one for Elijah.”

Matthew 17:5 While he was still speaking, behold, a bright cloud overshadowed them; and suddenly a voice came out of the cloud, saying, “This is My beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased. Hear Him!”

Matthew 17:6 And when the disciples heard it, they fell on their faces and were greatly afraid.

Matthew 17:7 But Jesus came and touched them and said, “Arise, and do not be afraid.” (NKJV).

John 17:1 Jesus spoke these words, lifted up His eyes to heaven, and said: “Father, the hour has come. Glorify Your Son, that Your Son also may glorify You,

John 17:2 as You have given Him authority over all flesh, that He should give eternal life to as many as You have given Him.

John 17:3 And this is eternal life, that they may know You, the only true God, and Jesus Christ whom You have sent.

John 17:4 I have glorified You on the earth. I have finished the work which You have given Me to do.

John 17:5 And now, O Father, glorify Me together with Yourself, with the glory which I had with You before the world was.

John 17:6 “I have manifested Your name to the men whom You have given Me out of the world. They were Yours, You gave them to Me, and they have kept Your word.

John 17:7 Now they have known that all things which You have given Me are from You.

John 17:8 For I have given to them the words which You have given Me; and they have received them, and have known surely that I came forth from You; and they have believed that You sent Me.

John 17:9 “I pray for them. I do not pray for the world but for those whom You have given Me, for they are Yours.

John 17:10 And all Mine are Yours, and Yours are Mine, and I am glorified in them.

John 17:11 Now I am no longer in the world, but these are in the world, and I come to You. Holy Father, keep through Your name those whom You have given Me, that they may be one as We are.

John 17:13 But now I come to You, and these things I speak in the world, that they may have My joy fulfilled in themselves.

John 17:15 I do not pray that You should take them out of the world, but that You should keep them from the evil one.

John 17:18 As You sent Me into the world, I also have sent them into the world.

John 17:20 “I do not pray for these alone, but also for those who will believe in Me through their word;

John 17:21 that they all may be one, as You, Father, are in Me, and I in You; that they also may be one in Us, that the world may believe that You sent Me.

John 17:22 And the glory which You gave Me I have given them, that they may be one just as We are one:

John 17:23 I in them, and You in Me; that they may be made perfect in one, and that the world may know that You have sent Me, and have loved them as You have loved Me.

John 17:24 “Father, I desire that they also whom You gave Me may be with Me where I am, that they may behold My glory which You have given Me; for You loved Me before the foundation of the world.

John 17:25 O righteous Father! The world has not known You, but I have known You; and these have known that You sent Me.

John 17:26 And I have declared to them Your name, and will declare it, that the love with which You loved Me may be in them, and I in them.” (NKJV).

Luke 23:46 And when Jesus had cried out with a loud voice, He said, “Father, ‘into Your hands I commit My spirit.’” Having said this, He breathed His last (NKJV).

Matthew 16:13 When Jesus came into the region of Caesarea Philippi, He asked His disciples, saying, “Who do men say that I, the Son of Man, am?”

Matthew 16:14 So they said, “Some say John the Baptist, some Elijah, and others Jeremiah or one of the prophets.”

Matthew 16:15 He said to them, “But who do you say that I am?”

Matthew 16:16 Simon Peter answered and said, “You are the Christ, the Son of the living God.”

Matthew 16:17 Jesus answered and said to him, “Blessed are you, Simon Bar-Jonah, for flesh and blood has not revealed this to you, but My Father who is in heaven (NKJV).

Jesus made it clear that his Father was working in heaven at the same time that he too was working on earth. He said he only did whatever the Father revealed to him from heaven. How can a non-existent Father, whose dispensational time had passed, still be actively working at the time the Son was the only representation of the Godhead anywhere else? How can a non-existent Father be revealing to the Son what to do? If the Son said he had a Father in heaven, why do some people insist there is no Father outside of the Son? Are they more knowledgeable than the Son about his Father? Not only did the Son acknowledge the simultaneous and concurrent existence of his Father in heaven while he was here on earth, he also revealed the fact that he had existed together with the Father before the foundation of the world, before his incarnation. Scripture makes us understand that the Son didn’t just start existing from his incarnation, as the doctrine of modalism would have us believe, since it claimed only the Father existed before the incarnation, as God above us. The pre-existence of the Son (the Word) with the Father before the foundation of the world proves the presence of at least two distinct persons in the Godhead. The Word (the Son) was with with God (the Father) from before the beginning, in eternity past! The Father even acknowledged the fact that it was the Son who laid the foundation of the world and executed the work of creation! How dare we doubt both the testimonies of the Father and the Son concerning their distinct and separate personalities?

John 5:17 But his answer was: My Father is still working even now, and so I am working.

John 5:18 For this cause the Jews had an even greater desire to put Jesus to death, because not only did he not keep the Sabbath but he said God was his Father, so making himself equal with God.

John 5:19 So Jesus made answer and said, Truly I say to you, The Son is not able to do anything himself; he is able to do only what he sees the Father doing; whatever the Father does the Son does it in the same way.

John 5:20 For the Father has love for the Son and lets him see everything which he does: and he will let him see greater works than these so that you may be full of wonder (BBE).

John 1:1 In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God.

John 1:2 He was in the beginning with God.

John 1:3 All things were made through Him, and without Him nothing was made that was made.

John 1:4 In Him was life, and the life was the light of men.

John 1:14 And the Word became flesh and dwelt among us, and we beheld His glory, the glory as of the only begotten of the Father, full of grace and truth (NKJV).

Hebrews 1:1 God, who at various times and in various ways spoke in time past to the fathers by the prophets,

Hebrews 1:2 has in these last days spoken to us by His Son, whom He has appointed heir of all things, through whom also He made the worlds;

Hebrews 1:3 who being the brightness of His glory and the express image of His person, and upholding all things by the word of His power, when He had by Himself purged our sins, sat down at the right hand of the Majesty on high,

Hebrews 1:4 having become so much better than the angels, as He has by inheritance obtained a more excellent name than they.

Hebrews 1:5 For to which of the angels did He ever say: “You are My Son, today I have begotten You”? And again: “I will be to Him a Father, and He shall be to Me a Son”?

Hebrews 1:6 But when He again brings the firstborn into the world, He says: “let all the angels of God worship Him.”

Hebrews 1:8 But to the Son He says:
“Your throne, O God, is forever and ever;
A scepter of righteousness is the scepter of Your kingdom.

Hebrews 1:9 You have loved righteousness and hated lawlessness; therefore God, Your God, has anointed You with the oil of gladness more than Your companions.”

Hebrews 1:10 And: “You, Lord, in the beginning laid the foundation of the earth,
And the heavens are the work of Your hands.

Hebrews 1:11 They will perish, but You remain; and they will all grow old like a garment;

Hebrews 1:12 Like a cloak You will fold them up, and they will be changed. But You are the same, and Your years will not fail.”

Hebrews 1:13 But to which of the angels has He ever said: “Sit at My right hand,
Till I make Your enemies Your footstool”? (NKJV).

Micah 5:2 “But you, Bethlehem Ephrathah, though you are little among the thousands of Judah, yet out of you shall come forth to Me the One to be Ruler in Israel, whose goings forth are from of old, from everlasting.” (NKJV).

Jesus not only told us his Father was a different and distinct person from himself, he equally made us understand that his Father was greater than himself. Though himself a divine person, yet Jesus deferred to the Father as his superior. Jesus is subject to the Father who is not just his Father, but also his God too! If the Father is the same person as the Son, why should the Son say the Father is greater than him? Why should the Son worship the Father? If both Father and Son were the same person in different dispensational manifestations, why did the Apostles in their teachings and writings keep emphasising the separateness of both Father and Son, even after their dispensational manifestations? At the time when the dispensation of the Son had supposedly ended, why is he in heaven seated at the right hand of the Father? Infact, the Son makes it abundantly clear that he’s sharing the throne in heaven with the Father. According to modalists, we’re in the dispensation of the Holy Spirit right now, so there should be no Father and Son anywhere, having finished their dispensational manifestations, as the Holy Spirit alone now carries the full manifestation of the Godhead. Why did the Apostles in their writings keep bringing greetings to the Church from three distinct entities- the Father, Son and Holy Spirit, if the three are but one person? It doesn’t make sense. The only logical explanation is that, they are not one person, but three different divine persons! In the opening chapter of the book of Revelation, we’re told God gave Jesus the revelations in the book to give to his servants. How can God, the Father, be giving revelation to Jesus to give to the Church, if the Father and Jesus are the same person? How can you give something to yourself, or receive something from yourself? It’s absurd and inconceivable!

John 14:28 You have heard Me say to you, ‘I am going away and coming back to you.’ If you loved Me, you would rejoice because I said, ‘I am going to the Father,’ for My Father is greater than I. (NKJV).

Ephesians 1:3 Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who has blessed us with every spiritual blessing in the heavenly places in Christ, (NKJV).

1 Peter 1:3 Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who according to His abundant mercy has begotten us again to a living hope through the resurrection of Jesus Christ from the dead, (NKJV).

Titus 1:4 To Titus, a true son in our common faith: Grace, mercy, and peace from God the Father and the Lord Jesus Christ our Savior (NKJV).

Ephesians 1:17 that the God of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Father of glory, may give to you the spirit of wisdom and revelation in the knowledge of Him,

2 John 1:3 Grace, mercy, and peace will be with you from God the Father and from the Lord Jesus Christ, the Son of the Father, in truth and love (NKJV).

John 20:11 But Mary stood outside by the tomb weeping, and as she wept she stooped down and looked into the tomb.

John 20:12 And she saw two angels in white sitting, one at the head and the other at the feet, where the body of Jesus had lain.

John 20:13 Then they said to her, “Woman, why are you weeping?” She said to them, “Because they have taken away my Lord, and I do not know where they have laid Him.”

John 20:14 Now when she had said this, she turned around and saw Jesus standing there, and did not know that it was Jesus.

John 20:15 Jesus said to her, “Woman, why are you weeping? Whom are you seeking?”
She, supposing Him to be the gardener, said to Him, “Sir, if You have carried Him away, tell me where You have laid Him, and I will take Him away.”

John 20:16 Jesus said to her, “Mary!” She turned and said to Him, “Rabboni!” (which is to say, Teacher).

John 20:17 Jesus said to her, “Do not cling to Me, for I have not yet ascended to My Father; but go to My brethren and say to them, ‘I am ascending to My Father and your Father, and to My God and your God.’” (NKJV).

1 Corinthians 11:3 But I want you to know that the head of every man is Christ, the head of woman is man, and the head of Christ is God (NKJV).

1 Corinthians 8:5 For even if there are so-called gods, whether in heaven or on earth (as there are many gods and many lords),

1 Corinthians 8:6 yet for us there is one God, the Father, of whom are all things, and we for Him; and one Lord Jesus Christ, through whom are all things, and through whom we live.

Hebrews 1:13 But to which of the angels has He ever said: “Sit at My right hand,
Till I make Your enemies Your footstool”?

Psalms 110:1 The Lord said to my Lord,
“Sit at My right hand, till I make Your enemies Your footstool.” (NKJV).

The Acts 7:54 When they heard these things they were cut to the heart, and they gnashed at him with their teeth.

The Acts 7:55 But he, being full of the Holy Spirit, gazed into heaven and saw the glory of God, and Jesus standing at the right hand of God,

The Acts 7:56 and said, “Look! I see the heavens opened and the Son of Man standing at the right hand of God!” (NKJV).

Revelation 3:21 To him who overcomes I will grant to sit with Me on My throne, as I also overcame and sat down with My Father on His throne (NKJV).

Revelation 1:1 The Revelation of Jesus Christ, which God gave Him to show His servants—things which must shortly take place. And He sent and signified it by His angel to His servant John,

Revelation 1:4 John, to the seven churches which are in Asia: Grace to you and peace from Him who is and who was and who is to come, and from the seven Spirits who are before His throne,

Revelation 1:5 and from Jesus Christ, the faithful witness, the firstborn from the dead, and the ruler over the kings of the earth.
To Him who loved us and washed us from our sins in His own blood,

Revelation 1:6 and has made us kings and priests to His God and Father, to Him be glory and dominion forever and ever. Amen (NKJV).

Furthermore, the Son made it quite clear that his authority was derived from that of the Father, who subjected all things (except the Father himself) under the Son. If the Son is the same person as the Father, would he need to receive authority from a non-existent Father? Also, the Father demands that people honour the Son just as they honour the Father. Why would the Son need to be honoured and recognised separately from the Father, if he’s also the Father? If the Father was the same person as the Son, did it mean then that the entire Godhead of Father, Son and Holy Spirit died on the cross when Jesus died? If we insist the Father, Son and Holy Spirit are one and the same person, then we must accept the fact that the Father, Son and Holy Spirit died on the cross as one person! And if all died on the cross, who then raised up the Son from the dead? On the contrary, while dying on the cross, the Son committed his Spirit into the hands of the Father, and three days later, the Son was raised from the dead by the Father, proving the Father and the Son are different persons.

Matthew 28:18 And Jesus came and spoke to them, saying, “All authority has been given to Me in heaven and on earth (NKJV).

John 5:26 For as the Father has life in Himself, so He has granted the Son to have life in Himself,

John 5:27 and has given Him authority to execute judgment also, because He is the Son of Man (NKJV).

1 Corinthians 15:24 Then comes the end, when He delivers the kingdom to God the Father, when He puts an end to all rule and all authority and power.

1 Corinthians 15:25 For He must reign till He has put all enemies under His feet.

1 Corinthians 15:26 The last enemy that will be destroyed is death.

1 Corinthians 15:27 For “He has put all things under His feet.” But when He says “all things are put under Him,” it is evident that He who put all things under Him is excepted.

1 Corinthians 15:28 Now when all things are made subject to Him, then the Son Himself will also be subject to Him who put all things under Him, that God may be all in all (NKJV).

John 5:22 For the Father judges no one, but has committed all judgment to the Son,

John 5:23 that all should honor the Son just as they honor the Father. He who does not honor the Son does not honor the Father who sent Him (NKJV).

Luke 23:46 And when Jesus had cried out with a loud voice, He said, “Father, ‘into Your hands I commit My spirit.’” Having said this, He breathed His last (NKJV).

The Acts 2:22 “Men of Israel, hear these words: Jesus of Nazareth, a Man attested by God to you by miracles, wonders, and signs which God did through Him in your midst, as you yourselves also know—

The Acts 2:23 Him, being delivered by the determined purpose and foreknowledge of God, you have taken by lawless hands, have crucified, and put to death;

The Acts 2:24 whom God raised up, having loosed the pains of death, because it was not possible that He should be held by it.

The Acts 2:32 This Jesus God has raised up, of which we are all witnesses (NKJV).

Unitarians argue and say that God was fully manifested in the Son, and that the fullness of the Godhead dwelt bodily in the Son, so the Son must be all there is to God when he was here on earth. Also, because Jesus said anyone who had seen him had seen the Father, they insist that the Son was also the Father. However, they fail to understand that what was made flesh was the Word, which existed with the Father in the beginning. It was the Word (the eternal/divine Son of God) who became flesh to become the human Son, in addition to being the divine Son as well. The Father and the Holy Spirit have never taken on flesh. Only the Son is both divine and human. Only he is 100% God and 100% man. Saying the fullness of God dwelt bodily in the humanity of the Son is just acknowledging the fact that the Son carried the fullness of the divine nature and divine characteristics. It means he’s the perfect image of the invisible God (Father). A perfect image only means that the source of the image still exists as a different entity from the image. An image, however perfect it is, cannot also be the source it reflects. Thus, the Son cannot be the Father, even though he’s the carbon copy of the Father. Also, because the Son so perfectly reflects the image and likeness of the Father, if you see him you’ve seen the Father, because he looks exactly like the Father, even though he is not the Father! It’s the same way identical twins look exactly like each other, though they are two district and separate persons. If you see one identical twin, you’ve seen the other one, simply because both are carbon copies! It doesn’t mean one of the twins is also the other one too. That’s how it is with Jesus and the Father. If you see Jesus, you’ve seen the Father, because they’re perfect look-alikes! Jesus is the exact image of the Father!

John 1:1 In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God.

John 1:2 He was in the beginning with God.

John 1:14 The Word Becomes Flesh
And the Word became flesh and dwelt among us, and we beheld His glory, the glory as of the only begotten of the Father, full of grace and truth (NKJV).

Colossians 1:14 In whom we have redemption through his blood, even the forgiveness of sins:

Colossians 1:15 Who is the image of the invisible God, the firstborn of every creature:

Colossians 1:19 For it pleased the Father that in him should all fulness dwell; (NKJV).

Hebrews 1:1 God, who at sundry times and in divers manners spake in time past unto the fathers by the prophets,

Hebrews 1:2 Hath in these last days spoken unto us by his Son, whom he hath appointed heir of all things, by whom also he made the worlds;

Hebrews 1:3 Who being the brightness of his glory, and the express image of his person, and upholding all things by the word of his power, when he had by himself purged our sins, sat down on the right hand of the Majesty on high; (NKJV).

Finally, let’s conclude by examining this Scripture about the Godhead, from the very beginning, during the creation of man:

Genesis 1:26 Then God said, “Let Us make man in Our image, according to Our likeness; let them have dominion over the fish of the sea, over the birds of the air, and over the cattle, over all the earth and over every creeping thing that creeps on the earth.” (NKJV).

Who are the “us” and “our” in the passage above, that have the same image and likeness with God, and in whose image man was created? Truly, there are three divine persons that bear witness in heaven: the Father, the Word (Son) and the Holy Spirit. And these divine persons have the same image and likeness, and the same divine substance, and all three are perfectly united in will, purpose and action. All three divine persons are indeed one in nature, image and likeness, as well as one in will, purpose and action. They are perfectly united, with the Father being Almighty, and both the Son and the Holy Spirit subject to the Father who is the head of the Divine Family. The Father is also God to both the Son and the Holy Spirit. Modalism cannot therefore be correct, because the Godhead consists of three persons in perfect unity, and not one person playing three different roles.

Published by Dr. Ndubuisi E. Ojo

Dr. Ndubuisi E. Ojo is a teacher and an expositor of the word of God with an intense passion for doctrinal purity and the restoration of the Church to the original Apostolic faith.

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