Jesus Christ Was Born A Jew, Lived Under The Mosaic Covenant And Fulfilled The Law, So That His Followers Would Be Liberated From The Bondage And Curse Of The Law!

(All Bible quotations, except otherwise stated, are from the New King James Version).

Too often we hear Christians using the Lord Jesus Christ’s obedience to the Law of Moses to justify his followers’ obedience and subservience to the Mosaic covenant and its ordinances. Such people readily quote the Lord’s statements in the gospels where he upheld and taught obedience to the Law (and warned against its violation) to justify continued adherence to the Mosaic Law. These followers of Christ argue that since we’re to follow in Christ’s footsteps, we should imitate whatever he did, including his obedience to the Mosaic Law. Are Christians to follow the footsteps of the Lord Jesus in keeping the Mosaic Law? Are we to live under the same covenant that our Lord Jesus Christ subjected himself to? We shall examine the Scriptures to answer these questions.

The Scriptures make it clear that Jesus Christ was born a Jew, to the royal family of David, as the promised seed of Abraham and the Jewish Messiah, who was to be Israel’s Saviour and King. He was thus born under the Law and lived under the Law. As a Jew, Jesus had no option but to fulfill the Law, which he did. He taught and expounded the Law like no other man before him had done, focusing not just on the letter, but more importantly, on the spirit of the Law. He brought grace and truth to the Law. In that regard, Jesus’ teachings stood out from those of the hypocritical religious leaders of his day, who had succeeded in putting the people into bondage by their addition of human doctrine to the Law, thereby making it non-effective. Jesus observed all the injunctions of the Mosaic Law, followed all its regulations and did not violate any of its precepts. No wonder he could boldly state that no one could convict him of sin, for sin is a transgression of the Law. He didn’t violate a single law in the Mosaic covenant all his life! Not only that, he also taught his original disciples (who were all Jews) to be obedient to the Law, warning them that anyone who broke the least precepts of the Law and taught men to do so would be considered the least in the kingdom of God. Our Lord was categorical in making people know that he did not come to abolish the Law, but to fulfill it. That was the purpose of his life, to fulfill the Law, which no other man before him had done. And the Lord fulfilled his purpose perfectly!

Matthew 1:1 The book of the genealogy of Jesus Christ, the Son of David, the Son of Abraham:

Luke 1:26 Now in the sixth month the angel Gabriel was sent by God to a city of Galilee named Nazareth,

Luke 1:27 to a virgin betrothed to a man whose name was Joseph, of the house of David. The virgin’s name was Mary.

Luke 1:28 And having come in, the angel said to her, “Rejoice, highly favored one, the Lord is with you; blessed are you among women!”

Luke 1:29 But when she saw him, she was troubled at his saying, and considered what manner of greeting this was.

Luke 1:30 Then the angel said to her, “Do not be afraid, Mary, for you have found favor with God.

Luke 1:31 And behold, you will conceive in your womb and bring forth a Son, and shall call His name Jesus.

Luke 1:32 He will be great, and will be called the Son of the Highest; and the Lord God will give Him the throne of His father David.

Luke 1:33 And He will reign over the house of Jacob forever, and of His kingdom there will be no end.”

Galatians 4:4 But when the fullness of the time had come, God sent forth His Son, born of a woman, born under the law,

Galatians 4:5 to redeem those who were under the law, that we might receive the adoption as sons.

John 1:10 He was in the world, and the world was made through Him, and the world did not know Him.

John 1:11 He came to His own, and His own did not receive Him.

Matthew 5:17 “Do not think that I came to destroy the Law or the Prophets. I did not come to destroy but to fulfill.

Matthew 5:18 For assuredly, I say to you, till heaven and earth pass away, one jot or one tittle will by no means pass from the law till all is fulfilled.

Matthew 5:19 Whoever therefore breaks one of the least of these commandments, and teaches men so, shall be called least in the kingdom of heaven; but whoever does and teaches them, he shall be called great in the kingdom of heaven.

John 8:46 Which of you convicts Me of sin? And if I tell the truth, why do you not believe Me?

1 John 3:4 Whoever commits sin transgresses also the law: for sin is the transgression of the law (AKJV).

Matthew 7:28 And so it was, when Jesus had ended these sayings, that the people were astonished at His teaching,

Matthew 7:29 for He taught them as one having authority, and not as the scribes.

Now, it must be remembered that Jesus Christ came to the Jews and ministered to them exclusively during his earthly ministry. He was a minister of the circumcision (the Jews) who came to fulfill the promises God made to their ancestors. He was only sent to the lost sheep of the house of Israel, and he equally sent his disciples out during his ministry to evangelise only among Israelites. When a Gentile woman approached the Lord for help, he ignored her, and when his disciples begged him to attend to the woman, he told them emphatically that he was sent only to the Jews, and not to Gentiles, and that he couldn’t take bread meant for the children (Jews) and give to dogs (Gentiles). Although the Lord eventually attended to the woman because of her great faith, the point had been clearly made that he was a Jew sent to Jews primarily! Thus, he upheld the Jewish traditions and taught and expounded on the Mosaic Covenant to his Jewish followers.

Romans 15:8 Now I say that Jesus Christ was a minister of the circumcision for the truth of God, to confirm the promises made to the fathers (AKJV).

Matthew 10:1 And when He had called His twelve disciples to Him, He gave them power over unclean spirits, to cast them out, and to heal all kinds of sickness and all kinds of disease.

Matthew 10:2 Now the names of the twelve apostles are these: first, Simon, who is called Peter, and Andrew his brother; James the son of Zebedee, and John his brother;

Matthew 10:3 Philip and Bartholomew; Thomas and Matthew the tax collector; James the son of Alphaeus, and Lebbaeus, whose surname was Thaddaeus;

Matthew 10:4 Simon the Cananite, and Judas Iscariot, who also betrayed Him.

Matthew 10:5 These twelve Jesus sent out and commanded them, saying: “Do not go into the way of the Gentiles, and do not enter a city of the Samaritans.

Matthew 10:6 But go rather to the lost sheep of the house of Israel.

Matthew 10:7 And as you go, preach, saying, ‘The kingdom of heaven is at hand.’

Matthew 10:8 Heal the sick, cleanse the lepers, raise the dead, cast out demons. Freely you have received, freely give.

Matthew 15:21 Then Jesus went out from there and departed to the region of Tyre and Sidon.

Matthew 15:22 And behold, a woman of Canaan came from that region and cried out to Him, saying, “Have mercy on me, O Lord, Son of David! My daughter is severely demon-possessed.”

Matthew 15:23 But He answered her not a word. And His disciples came and urged Him, saying, “Send her away, for she cries out after us.”

Matthew 15:24 But He answered and said, “I was not sent except to the lost sheep of the house of Israel.”

Matthew 15:25 Then she came and worshiped Him, saying, “Lord, help me!”

Matthew 15:26 But He answered and said, “It is not good to take the children’s bread and throw it to the little dogs.”

Matthew 15:27 And she said, “Yes, Lord, yet even the little dogs eat the crumbs which fall from their masters’ table.”

Matthew 15:28 Then Jesus answered and said to her, “O woman, great is your faith! Let it be to you as you desire.” And her daughter was healed from that very hour.

So Jesus, according to his humanity, was a Jew who lived under the Mosaic Covenant and fulfilled all its precepts during his lifetime. Now, are his Gentile disciples to follow him in keeping the Law after his death and resurrection? Are Christians to follow Christ in keeping the Law of Moses as Christ did during his lifetime? Although Jesus lived as a Jew and obeyed the Law until his death, the purpose of his death was to abolish the Law! Though Christ fulfilled the Law in his lifetime and upheld every precept of it, his death delivered his followers from the jurisdiction of the Law, making them no longer subject to the Law. By his death on the cross, Christ nailed the Law and its precepts to the cross, delivering his people from the bondage of the Law. The Law was a schoolmaster and a prisoner to keep God’s people in check until the coming of Christ. The Law was like the governors and tutors appointed to train underaged princes until they come of age. Now that Christ has come, we are no longer under the tutelage of the Law, nor its custody. We do not require the guardianship of the Law anymore, having come to spiritual maturity. The Law also created enemity between Jews and Gentiles (whom the law considered as unclean outcasts). Christ’s death abolished that racial division and enemity occasioned by the Law, by nailing the instrument of that division (the Law) to his cross. By his death, Christ abolished the Mosaic Covenant and instituted a new covenant of interracial peace in its place. Thus, there is now a new covenant for believers in Christ to live by, and not the old Mosaic Covenant that has expired and has been abolished. We therefore do not live by the Law of Moses anymore, like Jesus and the Jews did. We are no longer bound by the ordinances of the old covenant and its regulations. The Apostles of the Lord made it clear that going back to keep the Law, which Jesus kept in his lifetime, was going back to the bondage his death was meant to deliver us from. It is tantamount to falling from grace. The Law has served its purpose and has been abolished. To attempt to go back to it is to attempt to place oneself under a curse! Rather than looking backward to the Law for spiritual guidance and direction in matters of the faith, we’re to look to the Apostolic teachings and writings for spiritual guidance, for the original apostles of the Lord are the foundation of the Christian faith, not Moses and his Law!

Colossians 2:6 As you therefore have received Christ Jesus the Lord, so walk in Him,

Colossians 2:7 rooted and built up in Him and established in the faith, as you have been taught, abounding in it with thanksgiving.

Colossians 2:8 Beware lest anyone cheat you through philosophy and empty deceit, according to the tradition of men, according to the basic principles of the world, and not according to Christ.

Colossians 2:9 For in Him dwells all the fullness of the Godhead bodily;

Colossians 2:10 and you are complete in Him, who is the head of all principality and power.

Colossians 2:11 In Him you were also circumcised with the circumcision made without hands, by putting off the body of the sins of the flesh, by the circumcision of Christ,

Colossians 2:12 buried with Him in baptism, in which you also were raised with Him through faith in the working of God, who raised Him from the dead.

Colossians 2:13 And you, being dead in your trespasses and the uncircumcision of your flesh, He has made alive together with Him, having forgiven you all trespasses,

Colossians 2:14 having wiped out the handwriting of requirements that was against us, which was contrary to us. And He has taken it out of the way, having nailed it to the cross.

Colossians 2:15 Having disarmed principalities and powers, He made a public spectacle of them, triumphing over them in it.

Colossians 2:16 So let no one judge you in food or in drink, or regarding a festival or a new moon or sabbaths,

Colossians 2:17 which are a shadow of things to come, but the substance is of Christ.

Colossians 2:18 Let no one cheat you of your reward, taking delight in false humility and worship of angels, intruding into those things which he has not seen, vainly puffed up by his fleshly mind,

Colossians 2:19 and not holding fast to the Head, from whom all the body, nourished and knit together by joints and ligaments, grows with the increase that is from God.

Colossians 2:20 Therefore, if you died with Christ from the basic principles of the world, why, as though living in the world, do you subject yourselves to regulations—

Colossians 2:21 “Do not touch, do not taste, do not handle,”

Colossians 2:22 which all concern things which perish with the using—according to the commandments and doctrines of men?

Colossians 2:23 These things indeed have an appearance of wisdom in self-imposed religion, false humility, and neglect of the body, but are of no value against the indulgence of the flesh.

Romans 7:1 Or do you not know, brethren (for I speak to those who know the law), that the law has dominion over a man as long as he lives?

Romans 7:2 For the woman who has a husband is bound by the law to her husband as long as he lives. But if the husband dies, she is released from the law of her husband.

Romans 7:3 So then if, while her husband lives, she marries another man, she will be called an adulteress; but if her husband dies, she is free from that law, so that she is no adulteress, though she has married another man.

Romans 7:4 Therefore, my brethren, you also have become dead to the law through the body of Christ, that you may be married to another—to Him who was raised from the dead, that we should bear fruit to God.

Romans 7:5 For when we were in the flesh, the sinful passions which were aroused by the law were at work in our members to bear fruit to death.

Romans 7:6 But now we have been delivered from the law, having died to what we were held by, so that we should serve in the newness of the Spirit and not in the oldness of the letter.

Romans 6:14 For sin shall not have dominion over you, for you are not under law but under grace.

Ephesians 2:10 For we are His workmanship, created in Christ Jesus for good works, which God prepared beforehand that we should walk in them.

Ephesians 2:11 Therefore remember that you, once Gentiles in the flesh—who are called Uncircumcision by what is called the Circumcision made in the flesh by hands—

Ephesians 2:12 that at that time you were without Christ, being aliens from the commonwealth of Israel and strangers from the covenants of promise, having no hope and without God in the world.

Ephesians 2:13 But now in Christ Jesus you who once were far off have been brought near by the blood of Christ.

Ephesians 2:14 For He Himself is our peace, who has made both one, and has broken down the middle wall of separation,

Ephesians 2:15 having abolished in His flesh the enmity, that is, the law of commandments contained in ordinances, so as to create in Himself one new man from the two, thus making peace,

Ephesians 2:16 and that He might reconcile them both to God in one body through the cross, thereby putting to death the enmity.

Ephesians 2:17 And He came and preached peace to you who were afar off and to those who were near.

Ephesians 2:18 For through Him we both have access by one Spirit to the Father.

Galatians 3:23 But before faith came, we were kept under guard by the law, kept for the faith which would afterward be revealed.

Galatians 3:24 Therefore the law was our tutor to bring us to Christ, that we might be justified by faith.

Galatians 3:25 But after faith has come, we are no longer under a tutor.

Galatians 3:26 For you are all sons of God through faith in Christ Jesus.

Galatians 4:1 Now I say that the heir, as long as he is a child, does not differ at all from a slave, though he is master of all,

Galatians 4:2 but is under guardians and stewards until the time appointed by the father.

Galatians 4:3 Even so we, when we were children, were in bondage under the elements of the world.

Galatians 4:4 But when the fullness of the time had come, God sent forth His Son, born of a woman, born under the law,

Galatians 4:5 to redeem those who were under the law, that we might receive the adoption as sons.

Galatians 4:6 And because you are sons, God has sent forth the Spirit of His Son into your hearts, crying out, “Abba, Father!”

Galatians 4:7 Therefore you are no longer a slave but a son, and if a son, then an heir of God through Christ.

Galatians 4:8 But then, indeed, when you did not know God, you served those which by nature are not gods.

Galatians 4:9 But now after you have known God, or rather are known by God, how is it that you turn again to the weak and beggarly elements, to which you desire again to be in bondage?

Galatians 4:10 You observe days and months and seasons and years.

Galatians 4:11 I am afraid for you, lest I have labored for you in vain.

Galatians 4:21 Tell me, you who desire to be under the law, do you not hear the law?

Galatians 4:22 For it is written that Abraham had two sons: the one by a bondwoman, the other by a freewoman.

Galatians 4:23 But he who was of the bondwoman was born according to the flesh, and he of the freewoman through promise,

Galatians 4:24 which things are symbolic. For these are the two covenants: the one from Mount Sinai which gives birth to bondage, which is Hagar—

Galatians 4:25 for this Hagar is Mount Sinai in Arabia, and corresponds to Jerusalem which now is, and is in bondage with her children—

Galatians 4:26 but the Jerusalem above is free, which is the mother of us all.

Galatians 4:27 For it is written:
“Rejoice, O barren,
You who do not bear!
Break forth and shout,
You who are not in labor!
For the desolate has many more children
Than she who has a husband.”

Galatians 4:28 Now we, brethren, as Isaac was, are children of promise.

Galatians 4:29 But, as he who was born according to the flesh then persecuted him who was born according to the Spirit, even so it is now.

Galatians 4:30 Nevertheless what does the Scripture say? “Cast out the bondwoman and her son, for the son of the bondwoman shall not be heir with the son of the freewoman.”

Galatians 4:31 So then, brethren, we are not children of the bondwoman but of the free.

Galatians 3:10 For as many as are of the works of the law are under the curse; for it is written, “Cursed is everyone who does not continue in all things which are written in the book of the law, to do them.”

Galatians 3:11 But that no one is justified by the law in the sight of God is evident, for “the just shall live by faith.”

Galatians 3:12 Yet the law is not of faith, but “the man who does them shall live by them.”

Galatians 3:13 Christ has redeemed us from the curse of the law, having become a curse for us (for it is written, “Cursed is everyone who hangs on a tree”),

Galatians 3:14 that the blessing of Abraham might come upon the Gentiles in Christ Jesus, that we might receive the promise of the Spirit through faith.

Galatians 5:1 Stand fast therefore in the liberty by which Christ has made us free, and do not be entangled again with a yoke of bondage.

Galatians 5:2 Indeed I, Paul, say to you that if you become circumcised, Christ will profit you nothing.

Galatians 5:3 And I testify again to every man who becomes circumcised that he is a debtor to keep the whole law.

Galatians 5:4 You have become estranged from Christ, you who attempt to be justified by law; you have fallen from grace.

Galatians 5:5 For we through the Spirit eagerly wait for the hope of righteousness by faith.

Galatians 5:6 For in Christ Jesus neither circumcision nor uncircumcision avails anything, but faith working through love.

Galatians 5:7 You ran well. Who hindered you from obeying the truth?

Galatians 5:8 This persuasion does not come from Him who calls you.

Galatians 5:9 A little leaven leavens the whole lump.

Galatians 5:10 I have confidence in you, in the Lord, that you will have no other mind; but he who troubles you shall bear his judgment, whoever he is.

Galatians 5:11 And I, brethren, if I still preach circumcision, why do I still suffer persecution? Then the offense of the cross has ceased.

Galatians 5:12 I could wish that those who trouble you would even cut themselves off!

Galatians 5:13 For you, brethren, have been called to liberty; only do not use liberty as an opportunity for the flesh, but through love serve one another.

Galatians 5:14 For all the law is fulfilled in one word, even in this: “You shall love your neighbor as yourself.”

Galatians 5:15 But if you bite and devour one another, beware lest you be consumed by one another!

Galatians 5:16 Walking in the Spirit
I say then: Walk in the Spirit, and you shall not fulfill the lust of the flesh.

Galatians 5:17 For the flesh lusts against the Spirit, and the Spirit against the flesh; and these are contrary to one another, so that you do not do the things that you wish.

Galatians 5:18 But if you are led by the Spirit, you are not under the law.

Hebrews 8:1 Now this is the main point of the things we are saying: We have such a High Priest, who is seated at the right hand of the throne of the Majesty in the heavens,

Hebrews 8:2 a Minister of the sanctuary and of the true tabernacle which the Lord erected, and not man.

Hebrews 8:3 For every high priest is appointed to offer both gifts and sacrifices. Therefore it is necessary that this One also have something to offer.

Hebrews 8:4 For if He were on earth, He would not be a priest, since there are priests who offer the gifts according to the law;

Hebrews 8:5 who serve the copy and shadow of the heavenly things, as Moses was divinely instructed when he was about to make the tabernacle. For He said, “See that you make all things according to the pattern shown you on the mountain.”

Hebrews 8:6 But now He has obtained a more excellent ministry, inasmuch as He is also Mediator of a better covenant, which was established on better promises.

Hebrews 8:7 For if that first covenant had been faultless, then no place would have been sought for a second.

Hebrews 8:8 Because finding fault with them, He says: “Behold, the days are coming, says the Lord, when I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel and with the house of Judah—

Hebrews 8:9 not according to the covenant that I made with their fathers in the day when I took them by the hand to lead them out of the land of Egypt; because they did not continue in My covenant, and I disregarded them, says the Lord.

Hebrews 8:10 For this is the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel after those days, says the Lord: I will put My laws in their mind and write them on their hearts; and I will be their God, and they shall be My people.

Hebrews 8:11 None of them shall teach his neighbor, and none his brother, saying, ‘Know the Lord,’ for all shall know Me, from the least of them to the greatest of them.

Hebrews 8:12 For I will be merciful to their unrighteousness, and their sins and their lawless deeds I will remember no more.”

Hebrews 8:13 In that He says, “A new covenant,” He has made the first obsolete. Now what is becoming obsolete and growing old is ready to vanish away.

Hebrews 9:13 For if the blood of bulls and goats and the ashes of a heifer, sprinkling the unclean, sanctifies for the purifying of the flesh,

Hebrews 9:14 how much more shall the blood of Christ, who through the eternal Spirit offered Himself without spot to God, cleanse your conscience from dead works to serve the living God?

Hebrews 9:15 And for this reason He is the Mediator of the new covenant, by means of death, for the redemption of the transgressions under the first covenant, that those who are called may receive the promise of the eternal inheritance.

Hebrews 9:16 For where there is a testament, there must also of necessity be the death of the testator.

Matthew 26:26 And as they were eating, Jesus took bread, blessed and broke it, and gave it to the disciples and said, “Take, eat; this is My body.”

Matthew 26:27 Then He took the cup, and gave thanks, and gave it to them, saying, “Drink from it, all of you.

Matthew 26:28 For this is My blood of the new covenant, which is shed for many for the remission of sins.

Matthew 26:29 But I say to you, I will not drink of this fruit of the vine from now on until that day when I drink it new with you in My Father’s kingdom.”

In conclusion, in his incarnation, the Lord Jesus Christ was born a Jew, and lived in strict obedience to the Mosaic Law all his life. He upheld, lived and fulfilled the Law like no man had ever done (or could ever do), being perfect and sinless. As a minister to the Jews, Jesus taught and expounded the Law of Moses to his Jewish followers, magnifying the Law and making it more honourable, by focusing on its spirit rather than its letter only. He also taught his Jewish disciples to uphold the Law and teach others to do same. So, Jesus was born a Jew, lived as a Jew, ministered to Jews and died as a Jew. Although Jesus lived under the Law in his lifetime, by his death he abolished the Law and the old covenant, establishing a new covenant that was ratified by his blood that was shed at Calvary. His death thus delivered and liberated his people from the bondage of the Law, and translated them into the glorious liberty of the children of God. Thus, believers in Christ are no longer subject to the Law and its ordinances. They are no longer required to keep the precepts and ordinances of the Mosaic Covenant, though Christ himself observed and kept them, as a faithful Jew. Thus, Christians are to operate under the new covenant of grace, and not under the principles of Judaism which regulated Christ’s life during his earthly ministry. We are therefore not to follow Christ’s footsteps in keeping the Law of Moses which has been abolished and replaced by the Law of the Spirit of life in Christ Jesus. The terms and conditions of the new covenant (which forms the basis of conduct, order and doctrine for Christians) are to be found in the Apostolic writings. Christians do not therefore follow the Lord Jesus to go back to the Old Testament for spiritual guidance and light, but look to the New Testament which Christ has established, for superior light and revelation of God. Jesus was a Jew but Christians are not Jews, and we are not to live under the Jewish code!

Thanks for visiting the blog. We hope you were blessed the message, and look forward to hearing from you. You can also follow us on the blog, to enable new posts to be sent directly to your email. God bless you!

Published by Dr. Ndubuisi Emmanuel Ojo

Dr Ojo is a Biblical scholar and teacher who believes firmly in the original Apostolic faith as the only authentic version of Christianity, and the only legitimate basis for Christian doctrine and conduct.

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