Avoiding Satan’s Trap To Be Partisan In Politics And Lose Focus Of The Great Commission: The Dilemma Of The American Church

The political tension in the United States Of America (USA), as the presidential election gets under way, has reverberated around the world. Christians of every colour and stripe, and from all countries of the world, have been particularly affected by the frenzy of the American election. Believers are being manipulated and arm-twisted by some ministers of the gospel to become involved in a partisan way. Most Evangelicals have thrown their hats (and maybe their hearts too?) into the political fray, and have now made themselves the religious wing of the Republican Party. I’ve heard not a few Evangelical leaders preach from the pulpit to condemn any Christian voting for the Democratic Party. A vote for the Democratic Party is considered by these Evangelical leaders to be a vote against God and against Christianity! According to these ministers of Christ, the very survival of Christianity is on the ballot, and that only the Republican Party can save Christianity. This post seeks to examine the issues at stake in the US Presidential elections, with respect to the Church’s partisan support of political parties and their agenda, and the implications of such for the great commission. We shall also examine the role of political power in the accomplishment of the great commission.

Let me summarise the issues at stake in the US Presidential elections that have Evangelicals all around the world in prayer and fasting mode for Mr Donald Trump’s reelection. Trump is viewed as the defender and saviour of Christianity, and the last man standing between America (and maybe the world?) and hell. Two policy thrusts of Trump’s party make Evangelicals believe voting for Trump’s opponent, Mr Joe Biden, is voting against Christ: the pro-life and anti-homosexual policies of the Republican Party (the Party of Mr Trump). Before I continue, let me quickly state here that the Bible is unequivocal about abortion and homosexuality being sinful. God condemns both practices and every Christian should condemn them too. I’ve written articles on this blog in condemnation of both abortion and homosexuality. So, my position is clear on both issues that energise Evangelicals’ wholesale support of Trump: I condemn both induced abortion and homosexuality as sinful.

Now, having shown that I share the same views with the bulk of Evangelicals on the issues of abortion and homosexuality, I want to show from the Bible why supporting Trump wholesale as the face, defender and saviour of Christianity is both dangerous and unbiblical, and can actually work against the mandate of Christianity. First, let me state that Christianity has only one Saviour, and his name is Jesus Christ, not Donald Trump! The Church is the Church of Jesus Christ, and he has promised to build it in such a way that not even the gates of hell can prevail against it! Christ does not depend on any man to defend his Church! He’s her defender and protector-in-chief. He died to redeem her, and he ever lives to protect her and her interests. Make no mistake about that!

Matthew 16:18 And I also say to you that you are Peter, and on this rock I will build My church, and the gates of Hades shall not prevail against it.

Romans 5:8 But God demonstrates His own love toward us, in that while we were still sinners, Christ died for us.

Romans 5:9 Much more then, having now been justified by His blood, we shall be saved from wrath through Him.

Romans 5:10 For if when we were enemies we were reconciled to God through the death of His Son, much more, having been reconciled, we shall be saved by His life.

Ephesians 5:23 For the husband is head of the wife, as also Christ is head of the church; and He is the Savior of the body.

Ephesians 5:24 Therefore, just as the church is subject to Christ, so let the wives be to their own husbands in everything.

Ephesians 5:25 Husbands, love your wives, just as Christ also loved the church and gave Himself for her,

Ephesians 5:26 that He might sanctify and cleanse her with the washing of water by the word,

Ephesians 5:27 that He might present her to Himself a glorious church, not having spot or wrinkle or any such thing, but that she should be holy and without blemish.

Ephesians 5:28 So husbands ought to love their own wives as their own bodies; he who loves his wife loves himself.

Ephesians 5:29 For no one ever hated his own flesh, but nourishes and cherishes it, just as the Lord does the church.

Ephesians 5:30 For we are members of His body, of His flesh and of His bones.

Ephesians 5:31 “For this reason a man shall leave his father and mother and be joined to his wife, and the two shall become one flesh.”

Ephesians 5:32 This is a great mystery, but I speak concerning Christ and the church.

Ephesians 5:33 Nevertheless let each one of you in particular so love his own wife as himself, and let the wife see that she respects her husband.

From its inception in the face of total opposition and relentless persecution, the early Church relied and depended entirely on God for protection and preservation of the faith. Encircled almost completely by both violent Paganism and hateful and malicious Judaism, Christianity had to depend entirely on her Lord and Saviour to survive! And true to his Word, the Church miraculously survived centuries of attacks and threats to its existence, to become the most dominant religious faith on earth today. No man will take the glory except the Lord alone! He alone is our all-sufficiency! So, the Church does not need any man to defend her, much less Donald Trump! If someone is protecting and defending another here, it’s actually the Church that’s defending and protecting Trump’s presidency, and not the other way round! It’s Trump who needs the Church to be reelected. Without the vote of Evangelicals, Trump is doomed! And he knows it! That’s why he schemes and virtually arm-twists Evangelicals to support him unquestionably. Now, I’m neither advocating for nor against Trump. I’m just trying to show that the Church of Jesus Christ doesn’t need Trump, or any man for that matter, to protect and defend her. She’s well protected and defended by her Lord and Master. In the history of the Church, it was during moments of backsliding and loss of faith in God that the Church relied on men to protect and defend her interests. And those have been the low and shameful moments in Church history, when men rose up to be patrons of the Church, as well as her controller and manipulator. He who pays the piper dictates the tune! It was not for nothing that the Church later fought to separate Church from State control. Once you make a man the patron of the Church and tie the fate of the Church to the State, it’s only a matter of time before the defender becomes the persecutor. The Church’s history is replete with such moments. But, do we ever learn from history?

Back to the twin evils of abortion and homosexuality. As evil as these two sins are, they are not the unpardonable sin! Legislating against them and banning them from the land, as desirable as that is, does not save those involved in those sins, nor does it prevent their practice. If you legislate against sins, you only drive them underground. The Old Testament is a perfect reminder of how the Law couldn’t prevent men from sinning, nor could it save them! In most of the third world countries for instance, abortion and homosexuality are forbidden by law, but both practices flourish dangerously underground, with those who condemn them in the day being their patrons at night! The goal of the Church is to save men and deliver them from sins, not to legislate against sins and make hypocrites out of men or compel people to serve God by force. We’re to save men by the power of the Holy Spirit, not by the wisdom of men, and definitely not by legislation! The Law could not save men in the Old Testament, and it cannot save men in the New! That’s why Grace and Truth came through Jesus Christ to save men, following the failure of the Law to do so! Souls are saved by the preaching of the word in the power and demonstration of the Holy Spirit.

1 Corinthians 2:1 And I, brethren, when I came to you, did not come with excellence of speech or of wisdom declaring to you the testimony of God.

1 Corinthians 2:2 For I determined not to know anything among you except Jesus Christ and Him crucified.

1 Corinthians 2:3 I was with you in weakness, in fear, and in much trembling.

1 Corinthians 2:4 And my speech and my preaching were not with persuasive words of human wisdom, but in demonstration of the Spirit and of power,

1 Corinthians 2:5 that your faith should not be in the wisdom of men but in the power of God.

2 Timothy 4:1 I charge thee therefore before God, and the Lord Jesus Christ, who shall judge the quick and the dead at his appearing and his kingdom;

2 Timothy 4:2 Preach the word; be instant in season, out of season; reprove, rebuke, exhort with all longsuffering and doctrine.

2 Timothy 4:3 For the time will come when they will not endure sound doctrine; but after their own lusts shall they heap to themselves teachers, having itching ears;

2 Timothy 4:4 And they shall turn away their ears from the truth, and shall be turned unto fables.

2 Timothy 4:5 But watch thou in all things, endure afflictions, do the work of an evangelist, make full proof of thy ministry.

Besides the fact that abortion and homosexuality are not the unpardonable sins, other sins are not less grievous than these two. Hatred, sowing seeds of discord among brethren, pride, mass murders occasioned by lack of sensible gun control, adultery, sexual assault, lying, scheming, manipulations, lack of love and empathy, which have all been supported or manifested by Mr Trump, are no less evil that the two sins he seeks to prevent by legislation and judicial support. We may categorise sins according to how we choose to cherry pick them, but God doesn’t! There’s no big or small sin, for all sins are deadly! We should not strain at abortion and homosexuality, while swallowing adultery, rape, hatred, division, strife, lies, injustice, discrimination, xenophobia, and mass murder of those already born and living!

Proverbs 6:16 These six things the Lord hates,
Yes, seven are an abomination to Him:

Proverbs 6:17 A proud look,
A lying tongue,
Hands that shed innocent blood,

Proverbs 6:18 A heart that devises wicked plans,
Feet that are swift in running to evil,

Proverbs 6:19 A false witness who speaks lies,
And one who sows discord among brethren.

Zechariah 7:8 Then the word of the Lord came to Zechariah, saying,

Zechariah 7:9 “Thus says the Lord of hosts:
‘Execute true justice,
Show mercy and compassion
Everyone to his brother.

Zechariah 7:10 Do not oppress the widow or the fatherless,
The alien or the poor.
Let none of you plan evil in his heart
Against his brother.’

Zechariah 7:11 “But they refused to heed, shrugged their shoulders, and stopped their ears so that they could not hear.

Zechariah 7:12 Yes, they made their hearts like flint, refusing to hear the law and the words which the Lord of hosts had sent by His Spirit through the former prophets. Thus great wrath came from the Lord of hosts.

How then should the Church relate with those in government, seeing we are not to rely on them to defend the faith, but on God alone whose faith it is, and whose obligation it is to defend the faith? We’re enjoined to pray for those in authority that we may have a peaceful environment to preach the gospel and practise our faith. And where government infringes on our rights to practise our faith freely, we’re to both pray against those government policies and speak truth to power! The Church is to stand politically neutral, as the moral compass of the nation, to point men and women of all creeds, colour, and political and economic philosophies to the cross of Christ. We’re to be free from philosophical and political entanglements of men, so that we can be considered neutral enough to earn their trust and attention, which are essential ingredients for effective evangelism. When the Church is seen as partisan, through wholesale support of a political party (for whatever reasons), it loses its right to be considered an impartial voice for God. Its fate and the fate of the gospel it preaches become tied to the fate of the party it supports at the polls. Enemies of such parties automatically become enemies of the Church! Such a Church loses the independence it needs to have among men, to be able to reach all for Christ! Jesus Christ kept himself free from all men and from all groups, so that he could freely minister to all, both Jews, Samaritans, publicans, Gentiles, Pharisees, Saduccees, Herodians, etc. He was then free to condemn sin in all, because he was not beholden to any group. Paul made himself servants of all men in order to be able to win some for Christ. We should be very careful not to foreclose the opportunities to minister to people of some political philosophies, because of our support for a particular party. Don’t tie yourself to the fate of politicians whose goals are obviously not the same with those of the Church! Don’t be unequally yoked together with unbelievers! Politicians seek only to win the next election and fulfil their personal agenda. They don’t care one bit about the Church’s vision and mission! Don’t be deceived! People will pretend to be friends of the Church just to get our votes. Let’s guard our integrity as the Church of Christ! Let’s not lose sight of our vision and mission! We do not need political power, or even favourable laws, to win men to Christ! What we need is the power of God to convert men’s hearts, and the homosexual will hate his sins and turn to God. If a woman becomes converted, she will not abort her child. America and the rest of the world need a revival to cleanse the land of sins, not a political revolution!

1 Timothy 2:1 Therefore I exhort first of all that supplications, prayers, intercessions, and giving of thanks be made for all men,

1 Timothy 2:2 for kings and all who are in authority, that we may lead a quiet and peaceable life in all godliness and reverence.

1 Timothy 2:3 For this is good and acceptable in the sight of God our Savior,

1 Timothy 2:4 who desires all men to be saved and to come to the knowledge of the truth.

John 2:23 Now when He was in Jerusalem at the Passover, during the feast, many believed in His name when they saw the signs which He did.

John 2:24 But Jesus did not commit Himself to them, because He knew all men,

John 2:25 and had no need that anyone should testify of man, for He knew what was in man.

1 Corinthians 9:19 For though I am free from all men, I have made myself a servant to all, that I might win the more;

1 Corinthians 9:20 and to the Jews I became as a Jew, that I might win Jews; to those who are under the law, as under the law, that I might win those who are under the law;

1 Corinthians 9:21 to those who are without law, as without law (not being without law toward God, but under law toward Christ), that I might win those who are without law;

1 Corinthians 9:22 to the weak I became as weak, that I might win the weak. I have become all things to all men, that I might by all means save some.

1 Corinthians 9:23 Now this I do for the gospel’s sake, that I may be partaker of it with you.

1 Corinthians 6:9 Do you not know that the unrighteous will not inherit the kingdom of God? Do not be deceived. Neither fornicators, nor idolaters, nor adulterers, nor homosexuals, nor sodomites,

1 Corinthians 6:10 nor thieves, nor covetous, nor drunkards, nor revilers, nor extortioners will inherit the kingdom of God.

1 Corinthians 6:11 And such were some of you. But you were washed, but you were sanctified, but you were justified in the name of the Lord Jesus and by the Spirit of our God.

2 Chronicles 7:12 Then the Lord appeared to Solomon by night, and said to him: “I have heard your prayer, and have chosen this place for Myself as a house of sacrifice.

2 Chronicles 7:13 When I shut up heaven and there is no rain, or command the locusts to devour the land, or send pestilence among My people,

2 Chronicles 7:14 if My people who are called by My name will humble themselves, and pray and seek My face, and turn from their wicked ways, then I will hear from heaven, and will forgive their sin and heal their land.

What then is our conclusion? Christians should resist every form of manipulations by their leaders to vote in any particular way. No political party is the voice of God, and no politician in particular is God’s representative on earth. People should pray and then vote, guided by the issues that concern them the most. The primary role of government is to provide the right, fair and equitable socio-economic conditions for people to peacefully pursue their life goals. No human government can be righteous, for all have sinned and fallen short of God’s glory. Only during the millennial reign of Christ will we experience God’s perfect righteousness in governance. We cannot therefore expect any human government, in a non-theocratic society, to provide the platform and basis for righteousness. Your vote for a human government is not an endorsement of its righteousness or lack of it. It’s simply a statement of who you feel is better positioned to address the socio-economic issues that matter the most to you, in the pursuit of your life goals. It’s not a referendum on your salvation or Christianity or your spiritual views. Let no man therefore threaten you with eternal consequences for your vote. There are none! Your eternal destination is contingent on your faith in Christ alone, not on anything else, including how and who you vote for. Our votes will not change our nation (or the world) to become what God wants it to be. It will not cause God’s will to be done on earth. What will change the world are our prayers and the preaching of the gospel in the power and demonstration of the Holy Spirit! It’s only a heaven sent revival that will produce the godly society we crave for, not political revolution!

A Refutal Of The Doctrine Of The Serpent Seed: The Original Sin Wasn’t Fornication; Cain Wasn’t A Son Of The Serpent; And The Bloodline Of Cain Aren’t Serpent Seeds Who Are Irredeemable!

(All Bible quotations, except otherwise stated, are from the New King James Version).

The doctrine of the serpent seed, as propagated by some Christian groups, teaches that the original sin in the garden of Eden was fornication between Eve and the serpent, which resulted in the birth of Cain, a seed or son of the serpent. Apart from interpreting the eating of the forbidden fruit to mean engagement in illicit sex, proponents of this doctrine make Cain a literal son of the wicked one, the devil, through the serpent. According to this doctrine, from the line of Cain arose all the wicked and evil men and women (the serpent seeds), who are irredeemable because they are literally of the devil! How does this doctrine fare in the light of the Bible? Did Eve commit fornication with the serpent as the original sin in the garden of Eden? Was Cain a son of the serpent? Are there literal and physical children of the devil who are irredeemable? We shall examine the Scriptures to answer these questions.

Genesis 2:8 The Lord God planted a garden eastward in Eden, and there He put the man whom He had formed.

Genesis 2:9 And out of the ground the Lord God made every tree grow that is pleasant to the sight and good for food. The tree of life was also in the midst of the garden, and the tree of the knowledge of good and evil.

Genesis 2:16 And the Lord God commanded the man, saying, “Of every tree of the garden you may freely eat;

Genesis 2:17 but of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil you shall not eat, for in the day that you eat of it you shall surely die.”

Genesis 3:1 Now the serpent was more cunning than any beast of the field which the Lord God had made. And he said to the woman, “Has God indeed said, ‘You shall not eat of every tree of the garden’?”

Genesis 3:2 And the woman said to the serpent, “We may eat the fruit of the trees of the garden;

Genesis 3:3 but of the fruit of the tree which is in the midst of the garden, God has said, ‘You shall not eat it, nor shall you touch it, lest you die.’”

Genesis 3:4 Then the serpent said to the woman, “You will not surely die.

Genesis 3:5 For God knows that in the day you eat of it your eyes will be opened, and you will be like God, knowing good and evil.”

Genesis 3:6 So when the woman saw that the tree was good for food, that it was pleasant to the eyes, and a tree desirable to make one wise, she took of its fruit and ate. She also gave to her husband with her, and he ate.

Genesis 3:7 Then the eyes of both of them were opened, and they knew that they were naked; and they sewed fig leaves together and made themselves coverings.

Let’s start this teaching by identifying what the original sin in the garden of Eden was. Scripture tells us that God planted a garden in Eden where he placed the first couple. He also caused fruit trees to spring forth from the ground of the garden, including two special trees, the tree of life and the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, both located in the middle of the garden. The man and his wife, Adam and Eve, were forbidden by God to eat fruit from the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, with death pronounced as the penalty for disobedience. However, the serpent deceived the woman and made her eat the forbidden fruit, which she also gave to her husband. And mankind thus sinned originally and fell from grace, and death entered the human race thereby.

The question is, what was the tree of the knowledge of good and evil that Adam and Eve were forbidden to eat from, which they disobediently partook of, and which led to the curse of sin and death upon the human race? Some have opined that it wasn’t a literal and physical tree, but that it was figurative of unlawful sex. Such people maintain that to eat the forbidden fruit of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil was to have illicit sex, which Eve did, first with the serpent, and later with Adam. And so, the eating of the forbidden fruit has come to symbolise having illicit sex. Now, let’s start disproving the myth that eating of the fruit of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil was having illicit sex. We’ll do that by proving that the tree of the knowledge of good and evil was as literal and physical as the tree of life. If we can prove the tree of life was literal and physical, then the tree of the knowledge of good and evil too has to be physical and literal, as both trees existed side by side in the middle of the garden.

Genesis 3:22 Then the Lord God said, “Behold, the man has become like one of Us, to know good and evil. And now, lest he put out his hand and take also of the tree of life, and eat, and live forever”—

Genesis 3:23 therefore the Lord God sent him out of the garden of Eden to till the ground from which he was taken.

Genesis 3:24 So He drove out the man; and He placed cherubim at the east of the garden of Eden, and a flaming sword which turned every way, to guard the way to the tree of life.

After eating the fruit of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, Adam and Eve had their eyes opened to the knowledge of good and evil. Sin entered into them and into the human race. Now, God had to prevent them from eating of the tree of life, so that they wouldn’t continue living forever in their sinful state! The tree of life was apparently to make man live forever. Had Adam and Eve eaten of the tree of life rather than from the one forbidden, they would have lived forever in a sinless state of innocence on earth. There would have been no knowledge of sin, no sickness, no sufferings and no death in the human race. To show that the tree of life was literal and physical, God had to deploy a cherubim to protect it, as well as prevent access to it by fallen mankind. In the book of Revelation, we see the promise of the tree of life made to overcomers, and we also see the tree of life in paradise, bearing physical fruits meant for food and healing for God’s people, proving the tree of life was a literal and physical tree. Whereas sinful man was barred from partaking of its fruits in the garden of Eden, in paradise, the saints will feed on it! The tree of life is food and medicine for the saints of God!

Revelation 2:7 “He who has an ear, let him hear what the Spirit says to the churches. To him who overcomes I will give to eat from the tree of life, which is in the midst of the Paradise of God.”’

Revelation 22:1 And he showed me a pure river of water of life, clear as crystal, proceeding from the throne of God and of the Lamb.

Revelation 22:2 In the middle of its street, and on either side of the river, was the tree of life, which bore twelve fruits, each tree yielding its fruit every month. The leaves of the tree were for the healing of the nations.

Revelation 22:14 Blessed are those who do His commandments, that they may have the right to the tree of life, and may enter through the gates into the city.

Ezekiel 47:12 And on the banks, on both sides of the river, there will grow all kinds of trees for food. Their leaves will not wither, nor their fruit fail, but they will bear fresh fruit every month, because the water for them flows from the sanctuary. Their fruit will be for food, and their leaves for healing (ESV).

So, we’ve seen from Scripture that the tree of life is a literal and physical tree with edible fruits, meant for the sustenance of the saints, and will be the main food of the eternal people of God in paradise. If the tree of life is a literal and physical tree with edible fruits, then the tree of the knowledge of good and evil has to be a literal and physical tree too, with equally edible fruits. It was the edible fruit from that accursed tree that Adam and Eve ate, following the serpent’s deception. The fruit of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil had the ability to make one experientially know both good and evil. It had the ability to make people also do both good and evil. That’s why every descendant of Adam and Eve has the capacity to do both good and evil. All have been corrupted by the effect of the fruit of that tree. All have sinned by Adam’s sin. Where that tree is now and what happened to it after the fall of Adam and Eve is a matter of conjecture. If the tree of life is to be found in paradise and serves to sustain the saints, maybe the tree of knowledge of good and evil could be in hell to sustain its inhabitants? Now, that’s just pure speculation. Such an accursed tree however deserves to be in such an accursed place!

Now that we’ve shown that the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, like the tree of life, was a literal and physical tree with edible fruits, let’s show the implausibility of the original sin being Eve having sex with the serpent and siring Cain thereby. Exponents of this doctrine point to the fact that before the fall, the serpent was an upright creature and the closest beast to man, who could speak and reason like man. This beast was considered closer to man biologically than even the apes, and therefore could mate with man to produce offsprings. If illicit sex with the serpent was Eve’s sin, then what was Adam’s sin, since a man having sex with his wife is lawful and blessed of God? Advocates of the serpent seed doctrine teach that Adam’s sin was in not divorcing Eve and burning her, with the serpent, to death, since both had committed adultery. By accepting to sleep with his wife who had committed adultery, Adam was guilty by association! What a doctrine!

I know that it’s possible for a woman (and even a man) to have sex with an animal (a despicable act expressly forbidden by Scripture). However, the Bible was clear that Adam and Eve’s sin was in the eating of the fruit of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil. Eve ate and then gave to Adam. It was a forbidden physical fruit they ate that led to the fall, not fornication or illicit sex. Now comes the crunchy part! Was it possible for the serpent to have impregnated Eve in the unlikely event that they had sex? That’s not possible, for the simple reason that God’s commandment concerning reproduction is that every species should bring forth of its kind. It’s therefore not possible for one species to impregnate another species and make it conceive! It’s biologically impossible!

Genesis 1:24 Then God said, “Let the earth bring forth the living creature according to its kind: cattle and creeping thing and beast of the earth, each according to its kind”; and it was so.

Genesis 1:25 And God made the beast of the earth according to its kind, cattle according to its kind, and everything that creeps on the earth according to its kind. And God saw that it was good.

Apart from the biological impossibility of the serpent impregnating Eve to sire Cain, the Bible is very clear as to who was the biological father of Cain. The Scripture did not leave any room for ambiguity or doubt concerning Cain’s paternity.

Genesis 4:1 Now Adam knew Eve his wife, and she conceived and bore Cain, and said, “I have acquired a man from the Lord.”

The verse above is very clear as to what Cain was and who his father was! Cain was a man, not a serpent (for that was what he would have been if the serpent was his father!)! Adam had sexual relations with his wife Eve, and she conceived and gave birth to Cain! Nothing can be clearer than the scripture above! Adam was the biological father of Cain, not the serpent! And Cain was a man and not a serpent!

Let’s examine another scripture that proponents of the serpent seed doctrine quote to emphasise the fact that Cain was a literal seed or son of the serpent, and the vicarious seed of the devil. That scripture is found in the first Epistle of John.

1 John 3:11 For this is the message that you heard from the beginning, that we should love one another,

1 John 3:12 not as Cain who was of the wicked one and murdered his brother. And why did he murder him? Because his works were evil and his brother’s righteous.

Cain being of the wicked one is interpreted by advocates of the serpent seed doctrine to mean Cain was physically a progeny of Satan via the serpent, making him the seed of the serpent. Of course we know that’s a gross misinterpretation of Scripture! Judas Iscariot was called a devil, but that didn’t mean he was literally sired by the devil, or that he was physically a devil! People are called children of God not because they were biologically conceived and begotten by God. It’s a spiritual relationship, via the new birth, that makes people children of God. The children of God still have their natural, biological parents, who may not even be children of God themselves! The same way, people who are children of the devil are only so spiritually, and not physically or biologically! They are children of the devil because they are not yet born again and have not experienced the new birth which makes one a child of God. If someone who is a child of the devil today repents of their sins and accepts Jesus Christ as Lord and Saviour, they become born again and become children of God instantly! So, there are no people on earth who are physical serpent seeds that are therefore irredeemable! It’s not God’s wish that anyone should perish, but that all should come to repentance, simply because God does not delight in the death of the wicked!

John 8:37 “I know that you are Abraham’s descendants, but you seek to kill Me, because My word has no place in you.

John 8:38 I speak what I have seen with My Father, and you do what you have seen with your father.”

John 8:39 They answered and said to Him, “Abraham is our father.” Jesus said to them, “If you were Abraham’s children, you would do the works of Abraham.

John 8:40 But now you seek to kill Me, a Man who has told you the truth which I heard from God. Abraham did not do this.

John 8:41 You do the deeds of your father.”
Then they said to Him, “We were not born of fornication; we have one Father—God.”

John 8:42 Jesus said to them, “If God were your Father, you would love Me, for I proceeded forth and came from God; nor have I come of Myself, but He sent Me.

John 8:43 Why do you not understand My speech? Because you are not able to listen to My word.

John 8:44 You are of your father the devil, and the desires of your father you want to do. He was a murderer from the beginning, and does not stand in the truth, because there is no truth in him. When he speaks a lie, he speaks from his own resources, for he is a liar and the father of it.

John 8:45 But because I tell the truth, you do not believe Me.

John 8:46 Which of you convicts Me of sin? And if I tell the truth, why do you not believe Me?

John 8:47 He who is of God hears God’s words; therefore you do not hear, because you are not of God.”

1 John 3:10 In this the children of God and the children of the devil are manifest: Whoever does not practice righteousness is not of God, nor is he who does not love his brother.

1 John 3:11 For this is the message that you heard from the beginning, that we should love one another,

1 John 3:12 not as Cain who was of the wicked one and murdered his brother. And why did he murder him? Because his works were evil and his brother’s righteous.

1 Timothy 2:1 Therefore I exhort first of all that supplications, prayers, intercessions, and giving of thanks be made for all men,

1 Timothy 2:2 for kings and all who are in authority, that we may lead a quiet and peaceable life in all godliness and reverence.

1 Timothy 2:3 For this is good and acceptable in the sight of God our Savior,

1 Timothy 2:4 who desires all men to be saved and to come to the knowledge of the truth.

2 Peter 3:9 The Lord is not slack concerning His promise, as some count slackness, but is longsuffering toward us, not willing that any should perish but that all should come to repentance.

Ezekiel 33:10 “Therefore you, O son of man, say to the house of Israel: ‘Thus you say, “If our transgressions and our sins lie upon us, and we pine away in them, how can we then live?”’

Ezekiel 33:11 Say to them: ‘As I live,’ says the Lord God, ‘I have no pleasure in the death of the wicked, but that the wicked turn from his way and live.

Ezekiel 33:14 Again, when I say to the wicked, ‘You shall surely die,’ if he turns from his sin and does what is lawful and right,

Ezekiel 33:16 None of his sins which he has committed shall be remembered against him; he has done what is lawful and right; he shall surely live.

Advocates of the doctrine of the serpent seed also argue that omitting Cain from Adam’s genealogy, in the Gospel of Luke, further buttresses the point that Cain wasn’t Adam’s son, otherwise he would have been included in Adam’s genealogy, being the firstborn. I want to point out here that, that’s a very flimsy argument. There are several firstborns in the Bible who forfeited their rights as firstborn by committing one grievous sin or the other, or simply by divine choice. Ishmael was Abraham’s firstborn, but he did not appear in Abraham’s genealogy in both Matthew’s and Luke’s Gospels. Instead, the genealogy of Abraham to Christ was traced through Isaac, the second son. In like manner, Esau, Isaac’s firstborn, sold his birthright to his younger brother, Jacob, and lost out in the genealogy. Reuben, Jacob’s first son, also lost his right as firstborn because he committed adultery with his father’s wife and was cursed thereby. The right of firstborn went instead to Judah. In the same way, Cain lost the right of the firstborn by killing his own brother Abel. He was declared an outcast and a fugitive by God, and lost his place to his younger brother Seth.

Genesis 17:18 And Abraham said to God, “Oh, that Ishmael might live before You!”

Genesis 17:19 Then God said: “No, Sarah your wife shall bear you a son, and you shall call his name Isaac; I will establish My covenant with him for an everlasting covenant, and with his descendants after him.

Genesis 17:20 And as for Ishmael, I have heard you. Behold, I have blessed him, and will make him fruitful, and will multiply him exceedingly. He shall beget twelve princes, and I will make him a great nation.

Genesis 17:21 But My covenant I will establish with Isaac, whom Sarah shall bear to you at this set time next year.”

Matthew 1:1 The book of the genealogy of Jesus Christ, the Son of David, the Son of Abraham:

Matthew 1:2 Abraham begot Isaac, Isaac begot Jacob, and Jacob begot Judah and his brothers.

Genesis 25:29 Now Jacob cooked a stew; and Esau came in from the field, and he was weary.

Genesis 25:30 And Esau said to Jacob, “Please feed me with that same red stew, for I am weary.” Therefore his name was called Edom.

Genesis 25:31 But Jacob said, “Sell me your birthright as of this day.”

Genesis 25:32 And Esau said, “Look, I am about to die; so what is this birthright to me?”

Genesis 25:33 Then Jacob said, “Swear to me as of this day.” So he swore to him, and sold his birthright to Jacob.

Genesis 25:34 And Jacob gave Esau bread and stew of lentils; then he ate and drank, arose, and went his way. Thus Esau despised his birthright.

Matthew 1:2 Abraham begot Isaac, Isaac begot Jacob, and Jacob begot Judah and his brothers.

Genesis 49:1 And Jacob called his sons and said, “Gather together, that I may tell you what shall befall you in the last days:

Genesis 49:2 “Gather together and hear, you sons of Jacob, and listen to Israel your father.

Genesis 49:3 “Reuben, you are my firstborn,
My might and the beginning of my strength,
The excellency of dignity and the excellency of power.

Genesis 49:4 Unstable as water, you shall not excel, because you went up to your father’s bed; then you defiled it—He went up to my couch.

Matthew 1:2 Abraham begot Isaac, Isaac begot Jacob, and Jacob begot Judah and his brothers.

Genesis 4:8 Now Cain talked with Abel his brother; and it came to pass, when they were in the field, that Cain rose up against Abel his brother and killed him.

Genesis 4:9 Then the Lord said to Cain, “Where is Abel your brother?” He said, “I do not know. Am I my brother’s keeper?”

Genesis 4:10 And He said, “What have you done? The voice of your brother’s blood cries out to Me from the ground.

Genesis 4:11 So now you are cursed from the earth, which has opened its mouth to receive your brother’s blood from your hand.

Genesis 4:12 When you till the ground, it shall no longer yield its strength to you. A fugitive and a vagabond you shall be on the earth.”

A fallout from the doctrine of the serpent seed is that, all wicked and evil men are presumed to come from the bloodline of Cain, and are serpent seeds, while all godly people are from the “pure” bloodline of Adam through Seth. This is a dangerous and unbiblical characterisation of the origin and spread of sin in man. The Bible tells us that sin entered the world through Adam, that all inherited the sinful nature from Adam and that all men are born sinners, for all have sinned and fallen short of the glory of God. There is therefore no godly bloodline of men starting from Adam. Every person (with the exception of Jesus Christ, because of his immaculate conception) was born in sin and came into the world speaking lies! All men are born wicked and are estranged from the womb. We are tainted with the sin nature from conception. No man inherited any righteousness from birth; rather, all inherited sinfulness from birth! There is no pure race of men anywhere! The entire race has been impure, unholy and corrupt since Adam fell, and only an experiential life-saving knowledge of God in redemption can purify anyone and make them righteous and godly!

Romans 3:9 What then? Are we better than they? Not at all. For we have previously charged both Jews and Greeks that they are all under sin.

Romans 3:10 As it is written: “There is none righteous, no, not one;

Romans 3:11 There is none who understands; there is none who seeks after God.

Romans 3:12 They have all turned aside;
They have together become unprofitable;
There is none who does good, no, not one.”

Romans 3:13 “Their throat is an open tomb;
with their tongues they have practiced deceit”; “The poison of asps is under their lips”;

Romans 3:14 “Whose mouth is full of cursing and bitterness.”

Romans 3:15 “Their feet are swift to shed blood;

Romans 3:16 Destruction and misery are in their ways;

Romans 3:17 And the way of peace they have not known.”

Romans 3:18 “There is no fear of God before their eyes.”

Romans 3:23 for all have sinned and fall short of the glory of God,

Romans 5:12 Therefore, just as through one man sin entered the world, and death through sin, and thus death spread to all men, because all sinned—

Romans 5:13 (For until the law sin was in the world, but sin is not imputed when there is no law.

Romans 5:14 Nevertheless death reigned from Adam to Moses, even over those who had not sinned according to the likeness of the transgression of Adam, who is a type of Him who was to come.

Romans 5:15 But the free gift is not like the offense. For if by the one man’s offense many died, much more the grace of God and the gift by the grace of the one Man, Jesus Christ, abounded to many.

Romans 5:16 And the gift is not like that which came through the one who sinned. For the judgment which came from one offense resulted in condemnation, but the free gift which came from many offenses resulted in justification.

Romans 5:17 For if by the one man’s offense death reigned through the one, much more those who receive abundance of grace and of the gift of righteousness will reign in life through the One, Jesus Christ.)

Romans 5:18 Therefore, as through one man’s offense judgment came to all men, resulting in condemnation, even so through one Man’s righteous act the free gift came to all men, resulting in justification of life.

Romans 5:19 For as by one man’s disobedience many were made sinners, so also by one Man’s obedience many will be made righteous.

Psalms 51:5 Behold, I was brought forth in iniquity, and in sin my mother conceived me.

Psalms 58:3 The wicked are estranged from the womb; they go astray as soon as they are born, speaking lies.

The doctrine of the serpent seed sees the sons of God in the book of Genesis chapter six as men from the “pure bloodline of Seth”, while the daughters of men they married were from the “serpentine bloodline of Cain”. And when these two groups intermingled by marriage and mated, they brought forth the giants who were extremely evil and wicked. That’s what those that believe the doctrine of the serpent seed teach. If those sons of God were godly men, and the daughters of men ungodly women, it would mean each time a godly man marries an ungodly woman, the union should produce wicked giants! How dangerously false and unscriptural is this teaching! However, we know from Scripture that those sons of God were fallen angelic beings who left their estate and came on earth to seduce human females (daughters of men), had sexual relations with them and produced giants thereby, who perpetrated extreme violence on the earth. This corruption of the human race and the violence and wickedness it bred led to the destruction of the ante-diluvian world. Those sons of God in Genesis were not the sons of Seth, but fallen angels, for angels too are called sons of God by creation. Besides, if the bloodline of Seth produced only godly breed of men, while the line of Cain produced only wicked men, where then were all the godly men from the “pure bloodline” of Seth at the time of the flood? How come only Noah was found righteous in the sight of God? There is no pure breed or pure bloodline of men anywhere, for all have sinned and fallen short of the glory of God! Holiness and righteousness are not hereditary! The only thing that all men inherit from birth is sinfulness and wickedness! A righteous man can produce wicked and ungodly children, as we see repeatedly from the Bible! All men are sinners, and every man must find salvation and redemption in God to be considered righteous in the sight of God. Outside of a redeeming faith relationship with God, no man is righteous!

Genesis 6:1 Now it came to pass, when men began to multiply on the face of the earth, and daughters were born to them,

Genesis 6:2 that the sons of God saw the daughters of men, that they were beautiful; and they took wives for themselves of all whom they chose.

Genesis 6:3 And the Lord said, “My Spirit shall not strive with man forever, for he is indeed flesh; yet his days shall be one hundred and twenty years.”

Genesis 6:4 There were giants on the earth in those days, and also afterward, when the sons of God came in to the daughters of men and they bore children to them. Those were the mighty men who were of old, men of renown.

Genesis 6:5 Then the Lord saw that the wickedness of man was great in the earth, and that every intent of the thoughts of his heart was only evil continually.

Genesis 6:6 And the Lord was sorry that He had made man on the earth, and He was grieved in His heart.

Genesis 6:7 So the Lord said, “I will destroy man whom I have created from the face of the earth, both man and beast, creeping thing and birds of the air, for I am sorry that I have made them.”

Job 1:6 Now there was a day when the sons of God came to present themselves before the Lord, and Satan also came among them.

Job 1:7 And the Lord said to Satan, “From where do you come?” So Satan answered the Lord and said, “From going to and fro on the earth, and from walking back and forth on it.”

Job 38:4 “Where were you when I laid the foundations of the earth? Tell Me, if you have understanding.

Job 38:5 Who determined its measurements? Surely you know! Or who stretched the line upon it?

Job 38:6 To what were its foundations fastened? Or who laid its cornerstone,

Job 38:7 When the morning stars sang together, and all the sons of God shouted for joy?

Jude 1:6 And the angels who did not keep their proper domain, but left their own abode, He has reserved in everlasting chains under darkness for the judgment of the great day;

Jude 1:7 as Sodom and Gomorrah, and the cities around them in a similar manner to these, having given themselves over to sexual immorality and gone after strange flesh, are set forth as an example, suffering the vengeance of eternal fire.

1 Samuel 8:1 Now it came to pass when Samuel was old that he made his sons judges over Israel.

1 Samuel 8:2 The name of his firstborn was Joel, and the name of his second, Abijah; they were judges in Beersheba.

1 Samuel 8:3 But his sons did not walk in his ways; they turned aside after dishonest gain, took bribes, and perverted justice.

1 Samuel 8:4 Then all the elders of Israel gathered together and came to Samuel at Ramah,

1 Samuel 8:5 and said to him, “Look, you are old, and your sons do not walk in your ways. Now make us a king to judge us like all the nations.”

To prove further that the giants did not emanate from the line of Cain, Scripture makes us understand that there were also wicked giants after the flood (the Anakims, Emims, Zamzummims, Og, Goliath, etc)! Now, only Noah (a righteous man) and his family survived the great deluge. So, which seed of the serpent did these post-deluge giants come from, seeing all the wicked men from the “serpentine line of Cain” were wiped out by the flood? Surely, no serpent seed sneaked into the ark to continue the perpetuation of this species after the flood? The fact that evil persists in the world despite the wiping out of the “serpent seeds” in the catastrophic judgment of the great flood shows that there is evil in every man and woman that sprang from Adam! All men and women from the beginning of creation came from one stock: Adam! We all share one blood and one nature, which we all inherited from Adam. No man or woman came from the serpent or any other source! After the flood, the three sons of Noah (Shem, Ham and Japheth) repopulated the earth with their wives. There is therefore no stock of serpent seeds after the flood to account for the wicked and reprobate men and women we find everywhere. There are no literal children of the serpent anywhere, but there is a sinful Adamic nature in every man and every woman, which was occasioned by the fall. It is that nature that must be regenerated by conversion, through faith in Christ Jesus, to make a man or a woman a child of God. Every unregenerated soul is a spiritual child of the devil, and all can become children of God if they so wish.

Genesis 6:4 There were giants on the earth in those days, and also afterward, when the sons of God came in to the daughters of men and they bore children to them. Those were the mighty men who were of old, men of renown.

Numbers 13:32 And they gave the children of Israel a bad report of the land which they had spied out, saying, “The land through which we have gone as spies is a land that devours its inhabitants, and all the people whom we saw in it are men of great stature.

Numbers 13:33 There we saw the giants (the descendants of Anak came from the giants); and we were like grasshoppers in our own sight, and so we were in their sight.”

Deuteronomy 2:10 (The Emim had dwelt there in times past, a people as great and numerous and tall as the Anakim.

Deuteronomy 2:11 They were also regarded as giants, like the Anakim, but the Moabites call them Emim.

Deuteronomy 2:20 (That was also regarded as a land of giants; giants formerly dwelt there. But the Ammonites call them Zamzummim,

Deuteronomy 2:21 a people as great and numerous and tall as the Anakim. But the Lord destroyed them before them, and they dispossessed them and dwelt in their place,

Deuteronomy 3:11 “For only Og king of Bashan remained of the remnant of the giants. Indeed his bedstead was an iron bedstead. (Is it not in Rabbah of the people of Ammon?) Nine cubits is its length and four cubits its width, according to the standard cubit.

The Acts 17:26 And He has made from one blood every nation of men to dwell on all the face of the earth, and has determined their preappointed times and the boundaries of their dwellings,

Genesis 9:18 And the sons of Noah, that went forth of the ark, were Shem, and Ham, and Japheth: and Ham is the father of Canaan.

Genesis 9:19 These are the three sons of Noah: and of them was the whole earth overspread.

In conclusion, we’ve shown exhaustively from the Scriptures that the original sin wasn’t Eve fornicating with the serpent in the garden of Eden. It was simply the eating of the fruit of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, a literal and physical tree, with literal and physical fruits, just like the tree of life too was literal and physical. We also showed conclusively from the Scriptures that Cain was the son of Adam, and not the son or seed of the serpent. Furthermore, we proved from the Scriptures that there is no pure bloodline or breed of men anywhere on earth since the fall of Adam (the so-called sons of God); all men are born with a sinful nature and are therefore sinners from conception and birth. All men and women need redemption through God’s provided way, to be saved and to be made righteous and godly. Also, there are no natural serpent seeds among men who are irredeemable. The blood of Jesus Christ and his atoning sacrifice on Calvary can save all men who put their faith in it. All men can be saved if they believe and accept Jesus Christ as Lord and Saviour. The doctrine of the serpent seed is therefore devilish, unscriptural and heretical, and should be jettisoned by all who hold onto it.

God bless you!

A Refutal Of The Unitarian Doctrine Of The Oneness Of The Godhead: Why The Father, Son And Holy Spirit Cannot Be One Person With Different Manifestations

The unitarian school of thought believes that God is one person who manifested in different forms as the Father in creation, the Son in redemption, and the Holy Spirit in the indwelling of believers. Also referred to as modalism, unitarianism teaches that the Father was God above us, the Son was God with us on earth, and the Holy Spirit is God in us, one person with three different dispensational manifestations. How does the doctrine of modalism stand in the light of the Bible? Is the Godhead really one person manifesting in different forms, or are there more than one divine persons? This article seeks to answer these questions by a close examination of the Scriptures.

1 John 5:7 For there are three that bear witness in heaven: the Father, the Word, and the Holy Spirit; and these three are one (NKJ).

The text above tells us of three that bear witness in heaven: the Father, the Word and the Holy Spirit. Now, the question is, “three what?” We all know witnesses to be persons. For there to be three witnesses in heaven in relation to divinity can only mean there are three divine persons in heaven, not one! You can’t have “three different manifestations of one person” as three witnesses in heaven! To start with, the three manifestations can never occur together, since it’s one person undergoing transformation into the other, so you can’t have all three manifestations occurring simultaneously in heaven. Besides, according to modalists, only the Father manifested in heaven (God above us), as the Son manifested on earth (God with us), and the Holy Spirit manifests in the believers (God in us). Even considering manifestations as witnesses, you can’t have the three manifestations occurring simultaneously as three witnesses in heaven! It’s not only absurd, it’s impossible!

Modalists will be quick to tell you the three witnesses are actually one person, as the latter part of that text says, “…and these three are one”. That doesn’t prove anything, because two or more people can be one in many ways. In marriage for instance, a man leaves his father and mother and is joined to his wife, and the two become one. Do the couple in the union cease to be two separate individuals by being described as one? Surely the oneness referred to here is not literal but figurative? Christ also prayed for all believers to be one as he and the Father are one. Now, was he praying for all believers to become one person? Of course not! We all know he was praying for believers to be united in spirit and purpose. Suffice it to say that the oneness being referred to here is not literal, but figurative. It refers to unity of will, purpose and action, amongst others, as we shall see later.

However, some scholars don’t believe the text in 1John 5:7 was in the more authentic early manuscripts, and so advocate that it should not be accepted as inspired. On account of that, a lot of newer versions of the Bible don’t include that verse in their translations. So, we’ll leave this verse and look at other portions of Scripture as we try to refute the unitarian doctrine.

Let’s examine the incarnation story. According to unitarians, God who had manifested as the Father above, left heaven and took on flesh to dwell among men, in order to redeem us, becoming the Son (God with us). So, at that point in time, since it’s only one person playing the various roles, there should be no God in heaven since he was now on earth as the Son. Heaven should be devoid of any Godhead during the incarnation and earthly ministry of the Son, as the Father role had been collapsed, and all the Godhead was now on earth in the Son. Right? Let’s test this theory with Scripture. Let’s jump right to the baptism of Jesus and see what happened there.

Matthew 3:13 Then Jesus came from Galilee to John at the Jordan to be baptized by him.

Matthew 3:14 And John tried to prevent Him, saying, “I need to be baptized by You, and are You coming to me?”

Matthew 3:15 But Jesus answered and said to him, “Permit it to be so now, for thus it is fitting for us to fulfill all righteousness.” Then he allowed Him.

Matthew 3:16 When He had been baptized, Jesus came up immediately from the water; and behold, the heavens were opened to Him, and He saw the Spirit of God descending like a dove and alighting upon Him.

Matthew 3:17 And suddenly a voice came from heaven, saying, “This is My beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased.” (NKJV).

As soon as Jesus came out of the water at his baptism, heaven opened up and the Holy Spirit descended upon him, while another voice spoke from heaven acknowledging Jesus as his beloved Son! Now, this shatters the modalists’ theory into a thousand pieces! There shouldn’t be anyone left in heaven to call Jesus his beloved Son, since the Father was now the Son and was no longer in heaven. There shouldn’t be any Holy Spirit to descend upon Jesus because it wasn’t yet time for the manifestation of the Holy Spirit, since this was the Sonship era. There should be no Father and no Holy Spirit in the picture here! It should be Jesus only, as the only manifestation of God at this point. Yet, we see the Father in heaven speaking to acknowledge the Son on earth, while the Holy Spirit was anointing him. We see the three bearing witness at the same time in one place here : Father, Son and Holy Spirit, three district and separate entities, all acting simultaneously!

Throughout his ministry on earth, Jesus repeatedly talked of his Father in heaven in real time, as someone who was in existence at that point in time. He repeatedly prayed to the Father and even got immediate verbal responses (heard by others too) from his Father in heaven in some instances. Why would Jesus pray to a non-existent Father in heaven, if he alone was the entirety of the Godhead and was now on earth? Who responded to his prayers from heaven? If Jesus was all there was to the Godhead, then he didn’t need to pray to anyone, being all the God there is! If he was all of God manifested in one person, with no other divine person(s) existing anywhere else, there was no need for him to pray or look up to heaven to give thanks. There was absolutely no need for him to keep referring to a Father in heaven! When Peter acknowledged Jesus as the Messiah, Jesus responded by saying that only the Father in heaven could have given that revelation to Peter. Now, at what point did the heavenly Father give that revelation of who Christ was to Peter? Before or after the incarnation of Christ? Of course it was after the incarnation! This makes the Father and the Son two different persons, because the Father was still existing even after the incarnation of Christ!

John 11:41 Then they took away the stone from the place where the dead man was lying. And Jesus lifted up His eyes and said, “Father, I thank You that You have heard Me.

John 11:42 And I know that You always hear Me, but because of the people who are standing by I said this, that they may believe that You sent Me.” (NKJV).

John 12:26 If anyone serves Me, let him follow Me; and where I am, there My servant will be also. If anyone serves Me, him My Father will honor.

John 12:27 “Now My soul is troubled, and what shall I say? ‘Father, save Me from this hour’? But for this purpose I came to this hour.

John 12:28 Father, glorify Your name.” Then a voice came from heaven, saying, “I have both glorified it and will glorify it again.”

John 12:29 Therefore the people who stood by and heard it said that it had thundered. Others said, “An angel has spoken to Him.”

John 12:30 Jesus answered and said, “This voice did not come because of Me, but for your sake (NKJV).

Matthew 17:1 Now after six days Jesus took Peter, James, and John his brother, led them up on a high mountain by themselves;

Matthew 17:2 and He was transfigured before them. His face shone like the sun, and His clothes became as white as the light.

Matthew 17:3 And behold, Moses and Elijah appeared to them, talking with Him.

Matthew 17:4 Then Peter answered and said to Jesus, “Lord, it is good for us to be here; if You wish, let us make here three tabernacles: one for You, one for Moses, and one for Elijah.”

Matthew 17:5 While he was still speaking, behold, a bright cloud overshadowed them; and suddenly a voice came out of the cloud, saying, “This is My beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased. Hear Him!”

Matthew 17:6 And when the disciples heard it, they fell on their faces and were greatly afraid.

Matthew 17:7 But Jesus came and touched them and said, “Arise, and do not be afraid.” (NKJV).

John 17:1 Jesus spoke these words, lifted up His eyes to heaven, and said: “Father, the hour has come. Glorify Your Son, that Your Son also may glorify You,

John 17:2 as You have given Him authority over all flesh, that He should give eternal life to as many as You have given Him.

John 17:3 And this is eternal life, that they may know You, the only true God, and Jesus Christ whom You have sent.

John 17:4 I have glorified You on the earth. I have finished the work which You have given Me to do.

John 17:5 And now, O Father, glorify Me together with Yourself, with the glory which I had with You before the world was.

John 17:6 “I have manifested Your name to the men whom You have given Me out of the world. They were Yours, You gave them to Me, and they have kept Your word.

John 17:7 Now they have known that all things which You have given Me are from You.

John 17:8 For I have given to them the words which You have given Me; and they have received them, and have known surely that I came forth from You; and they have believed that You sent Me.

John 17:9 “I pray for them. I do not pray for the world but for those whom You have given Me, for they are Yours.

John 17:10 And all Mine are Yours, and Yours are Mine, and I am glorified in them.

John 17:11 Now I am no longer in the world, but these are in the world, and I come to You. Holy Father, keep through Your name those whom You have given Me, that they may be one as We are.

John 17:13 But now I come to You, and these things I speak in the world, that they may have My joy fulfilled in themselves.

John 17:15 I do not pray that You should take them out of the world, but that You should keep them from the evil one.

John 17:18 As You sent Me into the world, I also have sent them into the world.

John 17:20 “I do not pray for these alone, but also for those who will believe in Me through their word;

John 17:21 that they all may be one, as You, Father, are in Me, and I in You; that they also may be one in Us, that the world may believe that You sent Me.

John 17:22 And the glory which You gave Me I have given them, that they may be one just as We are one:

John 17:23 I in them, and You in Me; that they may be made perfect in one, and that the world may know that You have sent Me, and have loved them as You have loved Me.

John 17:24 “Father, I desire that they also whom You gave Me may be with Me where I am, that they may behold My glory which You have given Me; for You loved Me before the foundation of the world.

John 17:25 O righteous Father! The world has not known You, but I have known You; and these have known that You sent Me.

John 17:26 And I have declared to them Your name, and will declare it, that the love with which You loved Me may be in them, and I in them.” (NKJV).

Luke 23:46 And when Jesus had cried out with a loud voice, He said, “Father, ‘into Your hands I commit My spirit.’” Having said this, He breathed His last (NKJV).

Matthew 16:13 When Jesus came into the region of Caesarea Philippi, He asked His disciples, saying, “Who do men say that I, the Son of Man, am?”

Matthew 16:14 So they said, “Some say John the Baptist, some Elijah, and others Jeremiah or one of the prophets.”

Matthew 16:15 He said to them, “But who do you say that I am?”

Matthew 16:16 Simon Peter answered and said, “You are the Christ, the Son of the living God.”

Matthew 16:17 Jesus answered and said to him, “Blessed are you, Simon Bar-Jonah, for flesh and blood has not revealed this to you, but My Father who is in heaven (NKJV).

Jesus made it clear that his Father was working in heaven at the same time that he too was working on earth. He said he only did whatever the Father revealed to him from heaven. How can a non-existent Father, whose dispensational time had passed, still be actively working at the time the Son was the only representation of the Godhead anywhere else? How can a non-existent Father be revealing to the Son what to do? If the Son said he had a Father in heaven, why do some people insist there is no Father outside of the Son? Are they more knowledgeable than the Son about his Father? Not only did the Son acknowledge the simultaneous and concurrent existence of his Father in heaven while he was here on earth, he also revealed the fact that he had existed together with the Father before the foundation of the world, before his incarnation. Scripture makes us understand that the Son didn’t just start existing from his incarnation, as the doctrine of modalism would have us believe, since it claimed only the Father existed before the incarnation, as God above us. The pre-existence of the Son (the Word) with the Father before the foundation of the world proves the presence of at least two distinct persons in the Godhead. The Word (the Son) was with with God (the Father) from before the beginning, in eternity past! The Father even acknowledged the fact that it was the Son who laid the foundation of the world and executed the work of creation! How dare we doubt both the testimonies of the Father and the Son concerning their distinct and separate personalities?

John 5:17 But his answer was: My Father is still working even now, and so I am working.

John 5:18 For this cause the Jews had an even greater desire to put Jesus to death, because not only did he not keep the Sabbath but he said God was his Father, so making himself equal with God.

John 5:19 So Jesus made answer and said, Truly I say to you, The Son is not able to do anything himself; he is able to do only what he sees the Father doing; whatever the Father does the Son does it in the same way.

John 5:20 For the Father has love for the Son and lets him see everything which he does: and he will let him see greater works than these so that you may be full of wonder (BBE).

John 1:1 In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God.

John 1:2 He was in the beginning with God.

John 1:3 All things were made through Him, and without Him nothing was made that was made.

John 1:4 In Him was life, and the life was the light of men.

John 1:14 And the Word became flesh and dwelt among us, and we beheld His glory, the glory as of the only begotten of the Father, full of grace and truth (NKJV).

Hebrews 1:1 God, who at various times and in various ways spoke in time past to the fathers by the prophets,

Hebrews 1:2 has in these last days spoken to us by His Son, whom He has appointed heir of all things, through whom also He made the worlds;

Hebrews 1:3 who being the brightness of His glory and the express image of His person, and upholding all things by the word of His power, when He had by Himself purged our sins, sat down at the right hand of the Majesty on high,

Hebrews 1:4 having become so much better than the angels, as He has by inheritance obtained a more excellent name than they.

Hebrews 1:5 For to which of the angels did He ever say: “You are My Son, today I have begotten You”? And again: “I will be to Him a Father, and He shall be to Me a Son”?

Hebrews 1:6 But when He again brings the firstborn into the world, He says: “let all the angels of God worship Him.”

Hebrews 1:8 But to the Son He says:
“Your throne, O God, is forever and ever;
A scepter of righteousness is the scepter of Your kingdom.

Hebrews 1:9 You have loved righteousness and hated lawlessness; therefore God, Your God, has anointed You with the oil of gladness more than Your companions.”

Hebrews 1:10 And: “You, Lord, in the beginning laid the foundation of the earth,
And the heavens are the work of Your hands.

Hebrews 1:11 They will perish, but You remain; and they will all grow old like a garment;

Hebrews 1:12 Like a cloak You will fold them up, and they will be changed. But You are the same, and Your years will not fail.”

Hebrews 1:13 But to which of the angels has He ever said: “Sit at My right hand,
Till I make Your enemies Your footstool”? (NKJV).

Micah 5:2 “But you, Bethlehem Ephrathah, though you are little among the thousands of Judah, yet out of you shall come forth to Me the One to be Ruler in Israel, whose goings forth are from of old, from everlasting.” (NKJV).

Jesus not only told us his Father was a different and distinct person from himself, he equally made us understand that his Father was greater than himself. Though himself a divine person, yet Jesus deferred to the Father as his superior. Jesus is subject to the Father who is not just his Father, but also his God too! If the Father is the same person as the Son, why should the Son say the Father is greater than him? Why should the Son worship the Father? If both Father and Son were the same person in different dispensational manifestations, why did the Apostles in their teachings and writings keep emphasising the separateness of both Father and Son, even after their dispensational manifestations? At the time when the dispensation of the Son had supposedly ended, why is he in heaven seated at the right hand of the Father? Infact, the Son makes it abundantly clear that he’s sharing the throne in heaven with the Father. According to modalists, we’re in the dispensation of the Holy Spirit right now, so there should be no Father and Son anywhere, having finished their dispensational manifestations, as the Holy Spirit alone now carries the full manifestation of the Godhead. Why did the Apostles in their writings keep bringing greetings to the Church from three distinct entities- the Father, Son and Holy Spirit, if the three are but one person? It doesn’t make sense. The only logical explanation is that, they are not one person, but three different divine persons! In the opening chapter of the book of Revelation, we’re told God gave Jesus the revelations in the book to give to his servants. How can God, the Father, be giving revelation to Jesus to give to the Church, if the Father and Jesus are the same person? How can you give something to yourself, or receive something from yourself? It’s absurd and inconceivable!

John 14:28 You have heard Me say to you, ‘I am going away and coming back to you.’ If you loved Me, you would rejoice because I said, ‘I am going to the Father,’ for My Father is greater than I. (NKJV).

Ephesians 1:3 Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who has blessed us with every spiritual blessing in the heavenly places in Christ, (NKJV).

1 Peter 1:3 Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who according to His abundant mercy has begotten us again to a living hope through the resurrection of Jesus Christ from the dead, (NKJV).

Titus 1:4 To Titus, a true son in our common faith: Grace, mercy, and peace from God the Father and the Lord Jesus Christ our Savior (NKJV).

Ephesians 1:17 that the God of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Father of glory, may give to you the spirit of wisdom and revelation in the knowledge of Him,

2 John 1:3 Grace, mercy, and peace will be with you from God the Father and from the Lord Jesus Christ, the Son of the Father, in truth and love (NKJV).

John 20:11 But Mary stood outside by the tomb weeping, and as she wept she stooped down and looked into the tomb.

John 20:12 And she saw two angels in white sitting, one at the head and the other at the feet, where the body of Jesus had lain.

John 20:13 Then they said to her, “Woman, why are you weeping?” She said to them, “Because they have taken away my Lord, and I do not know where they have laid Him.”

John 20:14 Now when she had said this, she turned around and saw Jesus standing there, and did not know that it was Jesus.

John 20:15 Jesus said to her, “Woman, why are you weeping? Whom are you seeking?”
She, supposing Him to be the gardener, said to Him, “Sir, if You have carried Him away, tell me where You have laid Him, and I will take Him away.”

John 20:16 Jesus said to her, “Mary!” She turned and said to Him, “Rabboni!” (which is to say, Teacher).

John 20:17 Jesus said to her, “Do not cling to Me, for I have not yet ascended to My Father; but go to My brethren and say to them, ‘I am ascending to My Father and your Father, and to My God and your God.’” (NKJV).

1 Corinthians 11:3 But I want you to know that the head of every man is Christ, the head of woman is man, and the head of Christ is God (NKJV).

1 Corinthians 8:5 For even if there are so-called gods, whether in heaven or on earth (as there are many gods and many lords),

1 Corinthians 8:6 yet for us there is one God, the Father, of whom are all things, and we for Him; and one Lord Jesus Christ, through whom are all things, and through whom we live.

Hebrews 1:13 But to which of the angels has He ever said: “Sit at My right hand,
Till I make Your enemies Your footstool”?

Psalms 110:1 The Lord said to my Lord,
“Sit at My right hand, till I make Your enemies Your footstool.” (NKJV).

The Acts 7:54 When they heard these things they were cut to the heart, and they gnashed at him with their teeth.

The Acts 7:55 But he, being full of the Holy Spirit, gazed into heaven and saw the glory of God, and Jesus standing at the right hand of God,

The Acts 7:56 and said, “Look! I see the heavens opened and the Son of Man standing at the right hand of God!” (NKJV).

Revelation 3:21 To him who overcomes I will grant to sit with Me on My throne, as I also overcame and sat down with My Father on His throne (NKJV).

Revelation 1:1 The Revelation of Jesus Christ, which God gave Him to show His servants—things which must shortly take place. And He sent and signified it by His angel to His servant John,

Revelation 1:4 John, to the seven churches which are in Asia: Grace to you and peace from Him who is and who was and who is to come, and from the seven Spirits who are before His throne,

Revelation 1:5 and from Jesus Christ, the faithful witness, the firstborn from the dead, and the ruler over the kings of the earth.
To Him who loved us and washed us from our sins in His own blood,

Revelation 1:6 and has made us kings and priests to His God and Father, to Him be glory and dominion forever and ever. Amen (NKJV).

Furthermore, the Son made it quite clear that his authority was derived from that of the Father, who subjected all things (except the Father himself) under the Son. If the Son is the same person as the Father, would he need to receive authority from a non-existent Father? Also, the Father demands that people honour the Son just as they honour the Father. Why would the Son need to be honoured and recognised separately from the Father, if he’s also the Father? If the Father was the same person as the Son, did it mean then that the entire Godhead of Father, Son and Holy Spirit died on the cross when Jesus died? If we insist the Father, Son and Holy Spirit are one and the same person, then we must accept the fact that the Father, Son and Holy Spirit died on the cross as one person! And if all died on the cross, who then raised up the Son from the dead? On the contrary, while dying on the cross, the Son committed his Spirit into the hands of the Father, and three days later, the Son was raised from the dead by the Father, proving the Father and the Son are different persons.

Matthew 28:18 And Jesus came and spoke to them, saying, “All authority has been given to Me in heaven and on earth (NKJV).

John 5:26 For as the Father has life in Himself, so He has granted the Son to have life in Himself,

John 5:27 and has given Him authority to execute judgment also, because He is the Son of Man (NKJV).

1 Corinthians 15:24 Then comes the end, when He delivers the kingdom to God the Father, when He puts an end to all rule and all authority and power.

1 Corinthians 15:25 For He must reign till He has put all enemies under His feet.

1 Corinthians 15:26 The last enemy that will be destroyed is death.

1 Corinthians 15:27 For “He has put all things under His feet.” But when He says “all things are put under Him,” it is evident that He who put all things under Him is excepted.

1 Corinthians 15:28 Now when all things are made subject to Him, then the Son Himself will also be subject to Him who put all things under Him, that God may be all in all (NKJV).

John 5:22 For the Father judges no one, but has committed all judgment to the Son,

John 5:23 that all should honor the Son just as they honor the Father. He who does not honor the Son does not honor the Father who sent Him (NKJV).

Luke 23:46 And when Jesus had cried out with a loud voice, He said, “Father, ‘into Your hands I commit My spirit.’” Having said this, He breathed His last (NKJV).

The Acts 2:22 “Men of Israel, hear these words: Jesus of Nazareth, a Man attested by God to you by miracles, wonders, and signs which God did through Him in your midst, as you yourselves also know—

The Acts 2:23 Him, being delivered by the determined purpose and foreknowledge of God, you have taken by lawless hands, have crucified, and put to death;

The Acts 2:24 whom God raised up, having loosed the pains of death, because it was not possible that He should be held by it.

The Acts 2:32 This Jesus God has raised up, of which we are all witnesses (NKJV).

Unitarians argue and say that God was fully manifested in the Son, and that the fullness of the Godhead dwelt bodily in the Son, so the Son must be all there is to God when he was here on earth. Also, because Jesus said anyone who had seen him had seen the Father, they insist that the Son was also the Father. However, they fail to understand that what was made flesh was the Word, which existed with the Father in the beginning. It was the Word (the eternal/divine Son of God) who became flesh to become the human Son, in addition to being the divine Son as well. The Father and the Holy Spirit have never taken on flesh. Only the Son is both divine and human. Only he is 100% God and 100% man. Saying the fullness of God dwelt bodily in the humanity of the Son is just acknowledging the fact that the Son carried the fullness of the divine nature and divine characteristics. It means he’s the perfect image of the invisible God (Father). A perfect image only means that the source of the image still exists as a different entity from the image. An image, however perfect it is, cannot also be the source it reflects. Thus, the Son cannot be the Father, even though he’s the carbon copy of the Father. Also, because the Son so perfectly reflects the image and likeness of the Father, if you see him you’ve seen the Father, because he looks exactly like the Father, even though he is not the Father! It’s the same way identical twins look exactly like each other, though they are two district and separate persons. If you see one identical twin, you’ve seen the other one, simply because both are carbon copies! It doesn’t mean one of the twins is also the other one too. That’s how it is with Jesus and the Father. If you see Jesus, you’ve seen the Father, because they’re perfect look-alikes! Jesus is the exact image of the Father!

John 1:1 In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God.

John 1:2 He was in the beginning with God.

John 1:14 The Word Becomes Flesh
And the Word became flesh and dwelt among us, and we beheld His glory, the glory as of the only begotten of the Father, full of grace and truth (NKJV).

Colossians 1:14 In whom we have redemption through his blood, even the forgiveness of sins:

Colossians 1:15 Who is the image of the invisible God, the firstborn of every creature:

Colossians 1:19 For it pleased the Father that in him should all fulness dwell; (NKJV).

Hebrews 1:1 God, who at sundry times and in divers manners spake in time past unto the fathers by the prophets,

Hebrews 1:2 Hath in these last days spoken unto us by his Son, whom he hath appointed heir of all things, by whom also he made the worlds;

Hebrews 1:3 Who being the brightness of his glory, and the express image of his person, and upholding all things by the word of his power, when he had by himself purged our sins, sat down on the right hand of the Majesty on high; (NKJV).

Finally, let’s conclude by examining this Scripture about the Godhead, from the very beginning, during the creation of man:

Genesis 1:26 Then God said, “Let Us make man in Our image, according to Our likeness; let them have dominion over the fish of the sea, over the birds of the air, and over the cattle, over all the earth and over every creeping thing that creeps on the earth.” (NKJV).

Who are the “us” and “our” in the passage above, that have the same image and likeness with God, and in whose image man was created? Truly, there are three divine persons that bear witness in heaven: the Father, the Word (Son) and the Holy Spirit. And these divine persons have the same image and likeness, and the same divine substance, and all three are perfectly united in will, purpose and action. All three divine persons are indeed one in nature, image and likeness, as well as one in will, purpose and action. They are perfectly united, with the Father being Almighty, and both the Son and the Holy Spirit subject to the Father who is the head of the Divine Family. The Father is also God to both the Son and the Holy Spirit. Modalism cannot therefore be correct, because the Godhead consists of three persons in perfect unity, and not one person playing three different roles.

Examining The Personality And Divinity Of The Holy Spirit And His Relationship With The Father And The Son

The Holy Spirit is listed among the three that bear witness in heaven, the other two being the Father and the Word (Son). Christians are somewhat divided as to how to view the Holy Spirit. Some see the Holy Spirit as the impersonal force or power of God that effects the will of God and empowers God’s people to accomplish tasks supernaturally. Others, however, see the Holy Spirit as a Divine Person, just as the Father and the Son. What’s the biblical view of the Holy Spirit? What’s the relationship of the Holy Spirit to the Father and the Son? We shall examine the Scriptures for a clearer understanding of the nature of the Holy Spirit and his relationship with the other members of the Divine Family.

1 John 5:7 For there are three that bear witness in heaven: the Father, the Word, and the Holy Spirit; and these three are one (NKJV).

Matthew 28:18 And Jesus came and spoke to them, saying, “All authority has been given to Me in heaven and on earth.

Matthew 28:19 Go therefore and make disciples of all the nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit,

Matthew 28:20 teaching them to observe all things that I have commanded you; and lo, I am with you always, even to the end of the age.” Amen (NKJV).

The Apostle John tells us in his first general Epistle that there are three that bear witness in heaven: the Father, the Word (Son), and the Holy Spirit. We know the Father and the Word (Son) to be Divine Persons. If the Holy Spirit is classified along with them in this Divine Trinity, then he too must be a Divine Person! Also, we see the Lord Jesus commanding his disciples to baptise converted people in the name of the Father, Son and Holy Spirit, imputing a name to the Holy Spirit as to a person! There is overwhelming evidence in the Scriptures to believe that the Holy Spirit is indeed a Divine Person, and not an impersonal force or power. The Holy Spirit is variously called advocate, comforter, helper, teacher, counsellor, and intercessor. The Spirit is said to make intercession for us in prayer the same way Christ makes intercessions for us with the Father. Surely an impersonal force cannot pray and make intercession? If he makes intercession for us like Christ, then he must be a person like Christ, for only people pray and make intercessions, not impersonal forces! Also, the Spirit speaks, directs, guides, instructs and leads. He can be grieved, made angry, lied against and insulted. He is also described as having a mind of his own, and gives people utterances and teaches them what to speak. He is called the Spirit of knowledge, wisdom, understanding, counsel, might and fear of the Lord. Above all, he is capable of having fellowship or communion with people. All these are personal qualities and attributes, and not the characteristics of an impersonal force. Jesus called the Holy Spirit another comforter just like himself, and used the personal pronouns “he” and “him” for the Holy Spirit. If he is like Jesus, then he has to be a person like Jesus too! Jesus isn’t an impersonal force and neither is the Holy Spirit! An impersonal force cannot be described with personal pronouns like “he” or “him”!

John 14:16 And I will pray the Father, and he shall give you another Comforter, that he may abide with you for ever;

John 14:17 Even the Spirit of truth; whom the world cannot receive, because it sees him not, neither knows him: but you know him; for he dwells with you, and shall be in you.

John 14:26 But the Comforter, which is the Holy Ghost, whom the Father will send in my name, he shall teach you all things, and bring all things to your remembrance, whatever I have said to you (AKJV).

Isaiah 11:2 The Spirit of the Lord shall rest upon Him,
The Spirit of wisdom and understanding,
The Spirit of counsel and might,
The Spirit of knowledge and of the fear of the Lord (NKJV).

Romans 8:26 Likewise the Spirit helps us in our weakness. For we do not know what to pray for as we ought, but the Spirit himself intercedes for us with groanings too deep for words.

Romans 8:27 And he who searches hearts knows what is the mind of the Spirit, because the Spirit intercedes for the saints according to the will of God (ESV).

1 Corinthians 2:9 But as it is written, Eye has not seen, nor ear heard, neither have entered into the heart of man, the things which God has prepared for them that love him.

1 Corinthians 2:10 But God has revealed them to us by his Spirit: for the Spirit searches all things, yes, the deep things of God.

1 Corinthians 2:11 For what man knows the things of a man, save the spirit of man which is in him? even so the things of God knows no man, but the Spirit of God.

1 Corinthians 2:12 Now we have received, not the spirit of the world, but the spirit which is of God; that we might know the things that are freely given to us of God (AKJV).

The Acts 13:1 Now in the church that was at Antioch there were certain prophets and teachers: Barnabas, Simeon who was called Niger, Lucius of Cyrene, Manaen who had been brought up with Herod the tetrarch, and Saul.

The Acts 13:2 As they ministered to the Lord and fasted, the Holy Spirit said, “Now separate to Me Barnabas and Saul for the work to which I have called them.”

The Acts 13:3 Then, having fasted and prayed, and laid hands on them, they sent them away.

The Acts 13:4 Preaching in Cyprus
So, being sent out by the Holy Spirit, they went down to Seleucia, and from there they sailed to Cyprus (NKJV).

The Acts 16:6 Now when they had gone through Phrygia and the region of Galatia, they were forbidden by the Holy Spirit to preach the word in Asia.

The Acts 16:7 After they had come to Mysia, they tried to go into Bithynia, but the Spirit did not permit them (NKJV).

Ephesians 4:30 And grieve not the holy Spirit of God, whereby you are sealed to the day of redemption (AKJV).

Hebrews 10:28 Anyone who has set aside the law of Moses dies without mercy on the evidence of two or three witnesses.

Hebrews 10:29 How much worse punishment, do you think, will be deserved by the one who has spurned the Son of God, and has profaned the blood of the covenant by which he was sanctified, and has outraged the Spirit of grace? (ESV).

The Acts 5:3 But Peter said, Ananias, why has Satan filled your heart to lie to the Holy Spirit and to keep back for yourself part of the proceeds of the land?

The Acts 5:4 While it remained unsold, did it not remain your own? And after it was sold, was it not at your disposal? Why is it that you have contrived this deed in your heart? You have not lied to men but to God (ESV).

Romans 8:14 For all who are led by the Spirit of God are sons of God (ESV).

Matthew 10:18 And you shall be brought before governors and kings for my sake, for a testimony against them and the Gentiles.

Matthew 10:19 But when they deliver you up, take no thought how or what you shall speak: for it shall be given you in that same hour what you shall speak.

Matthew 10:20 For it is not you that speak, but the Spirit of your Father which speaks in you (AKJV).

The Acts 2:4 And they were all filled with the Holy Spirit and began to speak with other tongues, as the Spirit gave them utterance (NKJV).

Revelation 22:17 And the Spirit and the bride say, Come. And let him that hears say, Come. And let him that is thirsty come. And whoever will, let him take the water of life freely (AKJV).

The Acts 10:19 While Peter thought on the vision, the Spirit said to him, Behold, three men seek you.

The Acts 10:20 Arise therefore, and get you down, and go with them, doubting nothing: for I have sent them (AKJV).

2 Corinthians 13:14 The grace of the Lord Jesus Christ and the love of God and the fellowship of the Holy Spirit be with you all (ESV).

Now, having established that the Holy Spirit or Holy Ghost or the Spirit of God, as he’s variously called, is a person and not an impersonal force, let’s go further by establishing the fact that he’s a distinct person from both the Father and the Son. We already saw, from the Scriptures above, the distinction made between the Father, Son and Holy Spirit by the Lord, in authorising baptism in the name of the three. The Apostle John already made it clear that there are three that bear witness in heaven- the Father, the Word (Son) and the Holy Spirit. That makes three divine persons in heaven, proving the Holy Spirit is a distinct and separate person from both the Father and the Son. Jesus equally told us that he would ask the Father to send down the Holy Spirit to his disciples, upon his ascension, to take over his place as comforter to his people, another proof of the separateness of the Holy Spirit from both the Father and the Son. Now, let’s look at some other Scriptures that show the separate, distinct and simultaneous existence of the three divine persons. At his baptism, while Jesus was coming out of the water, the heavens opened and the Holy Spirit came down upon him in the form of a dove. While this was going on, the Father spoke at the same time from heaven, to acknowledge Jesus as his beloved Son. This is just one of several instances where the three members of the divine family were captured at the same time. There are also descriptions in the Scriptures of the Father sitting on the throne, the Holy Spirit before the throne and the Son appearing in the midst of the throne. The Apostle Paul also spoke of the various roles of each member of the divine family in the adminstration and operation of the gifts of the Spirit, as well as their combined roles in the benediction of God’s people.

Matthew 3:13 Then Jesus came from Galilee to the Jordan to John, to be baptized by him.

Matthew 3:14 John would have prevented him, saying, I need to be baptized by you, and do you come to me?

Matthew 3:15 But Jesus answered him, Let it be so now, for thus it is fitting for us to fulfill all righteousness. Then he consented.

Matthew 3:16 And when Jesus was baptized, immediately he went up from the water, and behold, the heavens were opened to him, and he saw the Spirit of God descending like a dove and coming to rest on him;

Matthew 3:17 and behold, a voice from heaven said, This is my beloved Son, with whom I am well pleased (ESV).

Revelation 1:4 John to the seven churches which are in Asia: Grace be to you, and peace, from him which is, and which was, and which is to come; and from the seven Spirits which are before his throne;

Revelation 1:5 And from Jesus Christ, who is the faithful witness, and the first begotten of the dead, and the prince of the kings of the earth. To him that loved us, and washed us from our sins in his own blood,

Revelation 1:6 And has made us kings and priests to God and his Father; to him be glory and dominion for ever and ever. Amen (AKJV).

Revelation 4:2 And immediately I was in the spirit: and, behold, a throne was set in heaven, and one sat on the throne.

Revelation 4:3 And he that sat was to look on like a jasper and a sardine stone: and there was a rainbow round about the throne, in sight like to an emerald.

Revelation 4:4 And round about the throne were four and twenty seats: and on the seats I saw four and twenty elders sitting, clothed in white raiment; and they had on their heads crowns of gold.

Revelation 4:5 And out of the throne proceeded lightning and thunder and voices: and there were seven lamps of fire burning before the throne, which are the seven Spirits of God (AKJV).

Revelation 5:5 And one of the elders said to me, Weep not: behold, the Lion of the tribe of Judah, the Root of David, has prevailed to open the book, and to loose the seven seals thereof.

Revelation 5:6 And I beheld, and, see, in the middle of the throne and of the four beasts, and in the middle of the elders, stood a Lamb as it had been slain, having seven horns and seven eyes, which are the seven Spirits of God sent forth into all the earth.

Revelation 5:7 And he came and took the book out of the right hand of him that sat on the throne (AKJV).

1 Corinthians 12:4 Now there are diversities of gifts, but the same Spirit.

1 Corinthians 12:5 And there are differences of administrations, but the same Lord.

1 Corinthians 12:6 And there are diversities of operations, but it is the same God which works all in all (AKJV).

2 Corinthians 13:14 The grace of the Lord Jesus Christ, and the love of God, and the communion of the Holy Spirit be with you all. Amen (NKJV).

Ephesians 4:4 There is one body, and one Spirit, even as you are called in one hope of your calling;

Ephesians 4:5 One Lord, one faith, one baptism,

Ephesians 4:6 One God and Father of all, who is above all, and through all, and in you all (AKJV).

The Holy Spirit, like the Father and the Son, is divine. He too is God and should be reverenced, honoured and worshipped as God. He too has a divine nature like the Father and the Son. When Ananias and Sapphira lied to the Holy Spirit, it was described as lying to God. The Father is Almighty God, while the Son and the Holy Spirit are God too, but subordinate to the Father. We see the Father sending both the Son and the Holy Spirit on assignments, and we see both obeying him. The Father is head of the Divine Family, with the Son and the Holy Spirit subject to him. All three are however united in purpose. They are not divided but are one. All have the same divine nature, having all proceeded from the Father. All are united in executing and enforcing the Father’s will and eternal purpose. The Holy Spirit is the personification of the Father’s Spirit, just as the Son is the personification of the Father’s Word. At what point the Holy Spirit was brought into existence by the Father, we don’t know, but it has to be in eternity past, before the foundation of the world, just like the Son. We know the Holy Spirit wasn’t self-existing like the Father, who is the only self-existent one. The Holy Spirit was already in existence before creation, in which he participated actively. In the creation of the universe and everything in it, the Holy Spirit was the enforcer of the Father’s will as spoken out by the Son, the Word of God. The Son would speak the word and the Spirit would enforce and bring it to pass. He is thus called the power of God, the hand of God and the finger of God, among other descriptions. He anointed and empowered servants of God in the Old Testament to carry out God’s will and perform miracles and signs and wonders. The Holy Spirit was in heaven with the Father when the Son was on earth during his incarnation. He brought about the immaculate conception of Jesus through the virgin birth. He anointed the Son and empowered him for his ministry and tasks. The Father raised the Son back to life through the Holy Spirit. When the Son ascended back to heaven after his death and resurrection, the Father sent down the Holy Spirit to earth, upon the Son’s request, to indwell and fill believers and to empower them to do God’s works, through the various gifts of the Spirit. The Holy Spirit continues to abide with believers on earth now while the Father and the Son are in heaven. He empowers, comforts, guides and leads believers into all truths and glorifies Jesus. That’s his ministry to the Church! Jesus also made us understand that the only unpardonable sin is blasphemy against the Holy Spirit. We should therefore be very careful how we speak about the Holy Spirit, for reviling and insulting him constitutes blasphemy against him, which is unpardonable.

1 John 5:7 For there are three that bear witness in heaven: the Father, the Word, and the Holy Spirit; and these three are one (NKJV).

The Acts 5:3 But Peter said, “Ananias, why has Satan filled your heart to lie to the Holy Spirit and keep back part of the price of the land for yourself?

The Acts 5:4 While it remained, was it not your own? And after it was sold, was it not in your own control? Why have you conceived this thing in your heart? You have not lied to men but to God.” (NKJV).

Genesis 1:1 In the beginning God created the heaven and the earth.

Genesis 1:2 And the earth was without form, and void; and darkness was on the face of the deep. And the Spirit of God moved on the face of the waters (AKJV).

Luke 11:19 And if I by Beelzebub cast out devils, by whom do your sons cast them out? therefore shall they be your judges.

Luke 11:20 But if I with the finger of God cast out devils, no doubt the kingdom of God is come on you (AKJV).

Exodus 8:16 And the LORD said to Moses, Say to Aaron, Stretch out your rod, and smite the dust of the land, that it may become lice throughout all the land of Egypt.

Exodus 8:17 And they did so; for Aaron stretched out his hand with his rod, and smote the dust of the earth, and it became lice in man, and in beast; all the dust of the land became lice throughout all the land of Egypt.

Exodus 8:18 And the magicians did so with their enchantments to bring forth lice, but they could not: so there were lice on man, and on beast.

Exodus 8:19 Then the magicians said to Pharaoh, This is the finger of God: and Pharaoh’s heart was hardened, and he listened not to them; as the LORD had said (AKJV).

Exodus 15:6 Your right hand, O LORD, is become glorious in power: your right hand, O LORD, has dashed in pieces the enemy (AKJV).

Luke 1:26 Now in the sixth month the angel Gabriel was sent by God to a city of Galilee named Nazareth,

Luke 1:27 to a virgin betrothed to a man whose name was Joseph, of the house of David. The virgin’s name was Mary.

Luke 1:28 And having come in, the angel said to her, “Rejoice, highly favored one, the Lord is with you; blessed are you among women!”

Luke 1:29 But when she saw him, she was troubled at his saying, and considered what manner of greeting this was.

Luke 1:30 Then the angel said to her, “Do not be afraid, Mary, for you have found favor with God.

Luke 1:31 And behold, you will conceive in your womb and bring forth a Son, and shall call His name Jesus.

Luke 1:32 He will be great, and will be called the Son of the Highest; and the Lord God will give Him the throne of His father David.

Luke 1:33 And He will reign over the house of Jacob forever, and of His kingdom there will be no end.”

Luke 1:34 Then Mary said to the angel, “How can this be, since I do not know a man?”

Luke 1:35 And the angel answered and said to her, “The Holy Spirit will come upon you, and the power of the Highest will overshadow you; therefore, also, that Holy One who is to be born will be called the Son of God (NKJV).

The Acts 10:38 how God anointed Jesus of Nazareth with the Holy Spirit and with power, who went about doing good and healing all who were oppressed by the devil, for God was with Him (NKJV).

Hebrews 2:3 how shall we escape if we neglect so great a salvation, which at the first began to be spoken by the Lord, and was confirmed to us by those who heard Him,

Hebrews 2:4 God also bearing witness both with signs and wonders, with various miracles, and gifts of the Holy Spirit, according to His own will? (NKJV).

The Acts 1:8 But you shall receive power when the Holy Spirit has come upon you; and you shall be witnesses to Me in Jerusalem, and in all Judea and Samaria, and to the end of the earth.” (NKJV).

Romans 8:11 But if the Spirit of him that raised up Jesus from the dead dwell in you, he that raised up Christ from the dead shall also quicken your mortal bodies by his Spirit that dwells in you (AKJV).

John 16:7 Nevertheless I tell you the truth; It is expedient for you that I go away: for if I go not away, the Comforter will not come to you; but if I depart, I will send him to you.

John 16:8 And when he is come, he will reprove the world of sin, and of righteousness, and of judgment:

John 16:9 Of sin, because they believe not on me;

John 16:10 Of righteousness, because I go to my Father, and you see me no more;

John 16:11 Of judgment, because the prince of this world is judged.

John 16:12 I have yet many things to say to you, but you cannot bear them now.

John 16:13 However, when he, the Spirit of truth, is come, he will guide you into all truth: for he shall not speak of himself; but whatever he shall hear, that shall he speak: and he will show you things to come.

John 16:14 He shall glorify me: for he shall receive of mine, and shall show it to you (AKJV).

Matthew 12:31 “Therefore I say to you, every sin and blasphemy will be forgiven men, but the blasphemy against the Spirit will not be forgiven men.

Matthew 12:32 Anyone who speaks a word against the Son of Man, it will be forgiven him; but whoever speaks against the Holy Spirit, it will not be forgiven him, either in this age or in the age to come (NKJV).

In conclusion, from the overwhelming evidence of Scripture alone, we understand that the Holy Spirit is a divine Person, and not an impersonal force. He’s the personification of the Spirit of God, just like Jesus Christ is the personification of the Word of God. The Holy Spirit is a separate and distinct person from the Father and the Son. The Holy Spirit, being of the same divine nature as the Father and the Son, is also divine, and deserves the honour, reverence and worship due other members of the divine Family– the Father and the Son. The three are united in purpose and will, with both the Son and the Holy Spirit subordinate to the Father who alone is Almighty, and who is Father and God to both the Son and the Spirit. The Holy Spirit existed with the Father and the Son before the foundation of the world, and was the enforcer of the spoken Word of God in bringing about creation. The Spirit is variously referred to as the finger of God, the hand of God and the power of God, with respect to his role in effecting and enforcing the divine will. He anointed and empowered servants of God in the Old Testament to do God’s works and perform signs and wonders and miracles. He effected the immaculate conception of Jesus Christ, and anointed and empowered the man Jesus to go about doing good and healing all that were oppressed of the devil. He was also the instrument of raising the Son from the dead. Upon Christ’s ascension, he sent down the Holy Spirit to his disciples, to fill, indwell, imbue and empower them to carry on with Christ’s work on earth. The Holy Spirit has been on earth since his coming down on the day of Pentecost, and serves as comforter, guide, teacher, leader and intercessor for believers, while the Father and the Son are in heaven. People should take care to honour and reverence the Holy Spirit, because blasphemy against the Holy Spirit is an unforgivable sin.

Is Christianity Monotheistic Or Polytheistic? Examining The Divinity Of Jesus Christ And His Relationship With Jehovah

Judaism, the precursor of Christianity with whom it shares a common God, is unambiguously monotheistic, believing firmly in the one true God, Jehovah. Uncorrupted Judaism considers the worship of any other god (in heaven, on earth or beneath the earth) as idolatrous and an abomination. Thus, the concept of the worship of one God was very clear to the Jews. In contrast, most Christians’ concept of the Godhead is at best confusing, and at worst polytheistic and idolatrous! What does the New Testament teach about the Godhead? Is biblical Christianity as monotheistic as Judaism? We shall examine Scripture to understand clearly the doctrine of the Godhead. The first part of this study will consider the relationship between Jehovah and Jesus Christ, as well as the position of Christ in the Divine Family. Subsequent articles will deal with the divinity of the Holy Spirit and the relationship between the members of the Divine Family –Father, Son and Holy Spirit.

Deuteronomy 6:4 Hear, O Israel: The LORD our God is one LORD:

Deuteronomy 6:5 And you shall love the LORD your God with all your heart, and with all your soul, and with all your might (AKJV).

Moses’ command to Israel concerning the Godhead was clear and unequivocal: Jehovah (the self-existent eternal One) our Elohim (God) is one Jehovah. Jehovah, Israel’s Almighty God, was one, not two or three! To have any other god outside of Jehovah was expressively forbidden for the Jews. Such was considered abominable idolatory, punishable by death! Not only is Jehovah the only true God, he is also an extremely jealous God who does not take the worship of any other god by his people lightly. To do that is to provoke Jehovah’s fierce wrath. And, who can stand before his indignation? Who can abide in the fierceness of his anger? Who can stand the wrath of this fearful God? (Nahum 1:6).

Exodus 20:1 And God spoke all these words, saying,

Exodus 20:2 I am the LORD your God, which have brought you out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of bondage.

Exodus 20:3 You shall have no other gods before me.

Exodus 20:4 You shall not make to you any graven image, or any likeness of any thing that is in heaven above, or that is in the earth beneath, or that is in the water under the earth.

Exodus 20:5 You shall not bow down yourself to them, nor serve them: for I the LORD your God am a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers on the children to the third and fourth generation of them that hate me;

Exodus 20:6 And showing mercy to thousands of them that love me, and keep my commandments (AKJV).

The New Testament throws further light on the nature of the Godhead, making clearer certain facts which were not revealed in the Old Testament, though they existed then. From the New Testament, we understand that Jehovah also has a Son who was begotten before the start of creation, in eternity past. The Son is also called the Word of God. Jehovah’s Son is the personification of Jehovah’s thoughts and Words, the very image of Jehovah and the brightness of his glory. The Son is said to be the beginning of the creation of God, the first thing to be brought forth into existence by Jehovah. While Jehovah is eternal and self-existent, the Son was brought into existence by his Father, Jehovah, and is therefore not self-existent (whoever heard of a self-existing son?). This Son of God, we learnt from Scripture, was the agent of creation, creating everything according to His Father’s will. The Son was thus the means by which God brought the universe into existence, and is also the means by which the universe is sustained. These truths are clearly taught in the Scripture.

The Acts 13:32 And we declare to you glad tidings, how that the promise which was made to the fathers,

The Acts 13:33 God has fulfilled the same to us their children, in that he has raised up Jesus again; as it is also written in the second psalm, You are my Son, this day have I begotten you (AKJV).

John 1:1 In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God.

John 1:2 The same was in the beginning with God.

John 1:3 All things were made by him; and without him was not any thing made that was made.

John 1:4 In him was life; and the life was the light of men.

John 1:5 And the light shines in darkness; and the darkness comprehended it not (AKJV).

Hebrews 1:1 God, who at sundry times and in divers manners spoke in time past to the fathers by the prophets,

Hebrews 1:2 Has in these last days spoken to us by his Son, whom he has appointed heir of all things, by whom also he made the worlds;

Hebrews 1:3 Who being the brightness of his glory, and the express image of his person, and upholding all things by the word of his power, when he had by himself purged our sins, sat down on the right hand of the Majesty on high:

Hebrews 1:4 Being made so much better than the angels, as he has by inheritance obtained a more excellent name than they.

Hebrews 1:5 For to which of the angels said he at any time, You are my Son, this day have I begotten you? And again, I will be to him a Father, and he shall be to me a Son?

Hebrews 1:6 And again, when he brings in the first-begotten into the world, he said, And let all the angels of God worship him (AKJV).

Colossians 1:15 Who is the image of the invisible God, the firstborn of every creature:

Colossians 1:16 For by him were all things created, that are in heaven, and that are in earth, visible and invisible, whether they be thrones, or dominions, or principalities, or powers: all things were created by him, and for him:

Colossians 1:17 And he is before all things, and by him all things consist.

Colossians 1:18 And he is the head of the body, the church: who is the beginning, the firstborn from the dead; that in all things he might have the preeminence.

Colossians 1:19 For it pleased the Father that in him should all fullness dwell; (AKJV).

Revelation 3:14 And to the angel of the church of the Laodiceans write; These things said the Amen, the faithful and true witness, the beginning of the creation of God; (AKJV).

Though the Son of God was brought into existence by the Father in eternity past and lived with the Father in heaven and shared in his glory, he came down to earth about 2000 years ago to become flesh to dwell among men, in order to redeem fallen humanity back to God. The Son of God who had existed since eternity past with the Father, came in the incarnation to take a body of flesh conceived immaculately through a virgin. He left heaven and came and dwelt among men for 33 years. He lived and fulfilled the law of God as no man had ever done, and eventually died a vicarious death for mankind, to set us free from the bondage of sin and death. While on earth, the Son of God took a human name (Jesus Christ), and became the saviour of mankind.

John 1:14 And the Word was made flesh, and dwelled among us, (and we beheld his glory, the glory as of the only begotten of the Father,) full of grace and truth (AKJV).

Matthew 1:18 Now the birth of Jesus Christ was on this wise: When as his mother Mary was espoused to Joseph, before they came together, she was found with child of the Holy Ghost.

Matthew 1:19 Then Joseph her husband, being a just man, and not willing to make her a public example, was minded to put her away privately.

Matthew 1:20 But while he thought on these things, behold, the angel of the LORD appeared to him in a dream, saying, Joseph, you son of David, fear not to take to you Mary your wife: for that which is conceived in her is of the Holy Ghost.

Matthew 1:21 And she shall bring forth a son, and you shall call his name JESUS: for he shall save his people from their sins.

Matthew 1:22 Now all this was done, that it might be fulfilled which was spoken of the Lord by the prophet, saying,

Matthew 1:23 Behold, a virgin shall be with child, and shall bring forth a son, and they shall call his name Emmanuel, which being interpreted is, God with us.

Matthew 1:24 Then Joseph being raised from sleep did as the angel of the Lord had bidden him, and took to him his wife:

Matthew 1:25 And knew her not till she had brought forth her firstborn son: and he called his name JESUS (AKJV).

Micah 5:2 But you, Bethlehem Ephratah, though you be little among the thousands of Judah, yet out of you shall he come forth to me that is to be ruler in Israel; whose goings forth have been from of old, from everlasting (AKJV).

John 17:1 These words spoke Jesus, and lifted up his eyes to heaven, and said, Father, the hour is come; glorify your Son, that your Son also may glorify you:

John 17:2 As you have given him power over all flesh, that he should give eternal life to as many as you have given him.

John 17:3 And this is life eternal, that they might know you the only true God, and Jesus Christ, whom you have sent.

John 17:4 I have glorified you on the earth: I have finished the work which you gave me to do.

John 17:5 And now, O Father, glorify you me with your own self with the glory which I had with you before the world was (AKJV).

Throughout his stay on earth, Jesus, knowing who he was, never saw or addressed himself as Almighty God. He always referred to himself as the Son (Son of man- with regard to his humanity, and Son of God- with regard to his divinity). He always referred to Almighty God as his Father and his God. Jesus never claimed to be Almighty God! If he did, that would make two Almighty Gods, for his Father, Jehovah, is already Almighty God! God equally referred to Jesus as his Son, not as Almighty God. And in all their writings, the Apostles took great care to distinguish between God the Father, and Jesus Christ his Son. Thus, the relationship between God the Father and Jesus Christ is that of Father and Son. Jesus Christ is subordinate to Jehovah because Jehovah is both his Father and his God.

John 20:15 Jesus said to her, Woman, why weep you? whom seek you? She, supposing him to be the gardener, said to him, Sir, if you have borne him hence, tell me where you have laid him, and I will take him away.

John 20:16 Jesus said to her, Mary. She turned herself, and said to him, Rabboni; which is to say, Master.

John 20:17 Jesus said to her, Touch me not; for I am not yet ascended to my Father: but go to my brothers, and say to them, I ascend to my Father, and your Father; and to my God, and your God.

1 Corinthians 8:5 For though there be that are called gods, whether in heaven or in earth, (as there be gods many, and lords many,)

1 Corinthians 8:6 But to us there is but one God, the Father, of whom are all things, and we in him; and one Lord Jesus Christ, by whom are all things, and we by him.

2 Corinthians 11:31 The God and Father of the Lord Jesus, he who is blessed forever, knows that I am not lying.

Ephesians 1:3 Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ , who has blessed us in Christ with every spiritual blessing in the heavenly places,

Ephesians 1:17 that the God of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Father of glory, may give you a spirit of wisdom and of revelation in the knowledge of him,

So, from the overwhelming evidence of Scripture, we see that Jesus Christ never addressed himself as Almighty God, but always as the Son of God. We see also that the Apostles, in their writings, never addressed Jesus as Almighty God, but as the Son of God, for that’s who he is! Jesus never claimed to be Almighty God and never struggled for equality with God. He always emphasised the greatness of God his Father over him (now, which son is equal to or greater than his father?!). Jesus always identified himself as God’s Son, God’s messenger and God’s servant, and never as God’s co-equal or a co-Almighty. His power and authority are derived from Almighty God. He will judge and rule the world based on the authority and power given to him by Almighty God. At the end of his rule to restore order on earth, Christ himself will hand back authority to the Father and be subject to him, that Almighty God, the Father, may be all in all.

Matthew 16:13 When Jesus came into the coasts of Caesarea Philippi, he asked his disciples, saying, Whom do men say that I the Son of man am?

Matthew 16:14 And they said, Some say that you are John the Baptist: some, Elias; and others, Jeremias, or one of the prophets.

Matthew 16:15 He said to them, But whom say you that I am?

Matthew 16:16 And Simon Peter answered and said, You are the Christ, the Son of the living God.

Matthew 16:17 And Jesus answered and said to him, Blessed are you, Simon Barjona: for flesh and blood has not revealed it to you, but my Father which is in heaven.

John 14:28 You have heard how I said to you, I go away, and come again to you. If you loved me, you would rejoice, because I said, I go to the Father: for my Father is greater than I.

John 5:19 Then answered Jesus and said to them, Truly, truly, I say to you, The Son can do nothing of himself, but what he sees the Father do: for what things soever he does, these also does the Son likewise.

John 5:20 For the Father loves the Son, and shows him all things that himself does: and he will show him greater works than these, that you may marvel.

John 5:21 For as the Father raises up the dead, and vivifies them; even so the Son vivifies whom he will.

John 5:22 For the Father judges no man, but has committed all judgment to the Son:

John 5:23 That all men should honor the Son, even as they honor the Father. He that honors not the Son honors not the Father which has sent him.

John 5:26 For as the Father has life in himself; so has he given to the Son to have life in himself;

John 5:27 And has given him authority to execute judgment also, because he is the Son of man.

John 3:16 For God so loved the world, that he gave his only begotten Son, that whoever believes in him should not perish, but have everlasting life.

John 3:17 For God sent not his Son into the world to condemn the world; but that the world through him might be saved.

1 John 4:9 In this was manifested the love of God toward us, because that God sent his only begotten Son into the world, that we might live through him.

1 John 4:10 Herein is love, not that we loved God, but that he loved us, and sent his Son to be the propitiation for our sins.

1 Corinthians 11:3 But I would have you know, that the head of every man is Christ; and the head of the woman is the man; and the head of Christ is God.

1 Corinthians 15:23 But every man in his own order: Christ the first fruits; afterward they that are Christ’s at his coming.

1 Corinthians 15:24 Then comes the end, when he shall have delivered up the kingdom to God, even the Father; when he shall have put down all rule and all authority and power.

1 Corinthians 15:25 For he must reign, till he has put all enemies under his feet.

1 Corinthians 15:26 The last enemy that shall be destroyed is death.

1 Corinthians 15:27 For he has put all things under his feet. But when he said all things are put under him, it is manifest that he is excepted, which did put all things under him.

1 Corinthians 15:28 And when all things shall be subdued to him, then shall the Son also himself be subject to him that put all things under him, that God may be all in all.

Matthew 28:18 And Jesus came and spoke to them, saying, All power is given to me in heaven and in earth.

Philippians 2:9 Why God also has highly exalted him, and given him a name which is above every name:

Philippians 2:10 That at the name of Jesus every knee should bow, of things in heaven, and things in earth, and things under the earth;

Philippians 2:11 And that every tongue should confess that Jesus Christ is Lord, to the glory of God the Father.

From the foregoing, we see that there is no ambiguity in Jesus’ statements and those of the Apostles, as to the relationship between Almighty God and Jesus Christ. Jesus Christ is not another Almighty God for Christians, in addition to Jehovah. Jehovah remains Christianity’s only Almighty God, as it was in Judaism. Jesus Christ is simply Jehovah’s eternal Son, the long awaited Jewish Messiah and Jehovah’s regent over the world. And because he is Jehovah’s Son and Jehovah’s perfect image and reflection, he has a divine nature or substance, like Jehovah’s, and is to be honored, reverenced and worshipped just as his Father. Jehovah has committed to his beloved Son the salvation of mankind, the government of the world, the judgement of mankind and fallen angels and the punishment of sinners, in order to rid the world of the effects of the fall. Jesus Christ is Jehovah’s regent in the government of the world. He has an exalted position in heaven right now at the right hand of God. He is to be revered, honoured, reverenced and worshiped with the same reverence due his Father. That’s what God decreed. Jesus Christ, as the Saviour of mankind, is the only mediator between God and men. No one can access God without gioing through him. No one can be saved without having faith in his propitiatory death for mankind.

Isaiah 9:6 For to us a child is born, to us a son is given: and the government shall be on his shoulder: and his name shall be called Wonderful, Counselor, The mighty God, The everlasting Father, The Prince of Peace.

Isaiah 9:7 Of the increase of his government and peace there shall be no end, on the throne of David, and on his kingdom, to order it, and to establish it with judgment and with justice from now on even for ever. The zeal of the LORD of hosts will perform this.

The Acts 10:37 That word, I say, you know, which was published throughout all Judaea, and began from Galilee, after the baptism which John preached;

The Acts 10:38 How God anointed Jesus of Nazareth with the Holy Ghost and with power: who went about doing good, and healing all that were oppressed of the devil; for God was with him.

The Acts 10:39 And we are witnesses of all things which he did both in the land of the Jews, and in Jerusalem; whom they slew and hanged on a tree:

The Acts 10:40 Him God raised up the third day, and showed him openly;

The Acts 10:41 Not to all the people, but to witnesses chosen before God, even to us, who did eat and drink with him after he rose from the dead.

The Acts 10:42 And he commanded us to preach to the people, and to testify that it is he which was ordained of God to be the Judge of quick and dead.

The Acts 10:43 To him give all the prophets witness, that through his name whoever believes in him shall receive remission of sins.

2 Timothy 4:1 I charge you therefore before God, and the Lord Jesus Christ, who shall judge the quick and the dead at his appearing and his kingdom;

1 Timothy 2:5 For there is one God, and one mediator between God and men, the man Christ Jesus;

1 Timothy 2:6 Who gave himself a ransom for all, to be testified in due time.

The Acts 4:10 Be it known to you all, and to all the people of Israel, that by the name of Jesus Christ of Nazareth, whom you crucified, whom God raised from the dead, even by him does this man stand here before you whole.

The Acts 4:11 This is the stone which was set at nothing of you builders, which is become the head of the corner.

The Acts 4:12 Neither is there salvation in any other: for there is none other name under heaven given among men, whereby we must be saved.

The Acts 7:55 But he, being full of the Holy Ghost, looked up steadfastly into heaven, and saw the glory of God, and Jesus standing on the right hand of God,

The Acts 7:56 And said, Behold, I see the heavens opened, and the Son of man standing on the right hand of God.

Now, let’s throw some more light on the divinity of Jesus Christ. As Jehovah’s only begotten Son with the same divine nature as Jehovah, Jesus Christ is also divine. His divine nature as the eternal Son of God makes him of one nature with God, and places him above every other creature, being in the same divine family with his Father. As a divine being from the same divine family as his Father, Jesus Christ is God. He has the nature or form of God and is God. This is the same way the son of a king has a royal nature and is royal. Divinity begets divinity, as humanity can only beget humanity or royalty give birth to royalty. So, by his divine origin, Christ has the nature (form or substance) of God and is divine. He is God. The Father calls him God and we all should see and address him as God. He is not Almighty God, for that title and position is reserved only for the Father, for there cannot be two Almighties, lest we become polytheistic and idolatrous. Though subordinate to the Father, the Son is God. A prince and heir to the throne is royal, though inferior to his father the king with respect to the crown. Nevertheless, the prince and heir deserves all the reverence and honour meant for the throne. As God therefore, Jesus deserves all the worship and reverence due to divinity. The Father expects all to worship the Son even as they worship him, including angels and men! Christ is subordinate to the Father, who alone is Almighty, but he also is God, under the Almighty God.

Philippians 2:5 Let this mind be in you, which was also in Christ Jesus:

Philippians 2:6 Who, being in the form of God, thought it not robbery to be equal with God:

Hebrews 1:6 And again, when he brings in the first-begotten into the world, he said, And let all the angels of God worship him.

Hebrews 1:8 But to the Son he said, Your throne, O God, is for ever and ever: a scepter of righteousness is the scepter of your kingdom.

Hebrews 1:9 You have loved righteousness, and hated iniquity; therefore God, even your God, has anointed you with the oil of gladness above your fellows.

Hebrews 1:10 And, You, Lord, in the beginning have laid the foundation of the earth; and the heavens are the works of your hands:

Hebrews 1:11 They shall perish; but you remain; and they all shall wax old as does a garment;

Hebrews 1:12 And as a clothing shall you fold them up, and they shall be changed: but you are the same, and your years shall not fail.

Hebrews 1:13 But to which of the angels said he at any time, Sit on my right hand, until I make your enemies your footstool?

John 5:22 For the Father judges no man, but has committed all judgment to the Son:

John 5:23 That all men should honor the Son, even as they honor the Father. He that honors not the Son honors not the Father which has sent him.

John 20:26 And after eight days again his disciples were within, and Thomas with them: then came Jesus, the doors being shut, and stood in the middle, and said, Peace be to you.

John 20:27 Then said he to Thomas, Reach here your finger, and behold my hands; and reach here your hand, and thrust it into my side: and be not faithless, but believing.

John 20:28 And Thomas answered and said to him, My LORD and my God.

John 20:29 Jesus said to him, Thomas, because you have seen me, you have believed: blessed are they that have not seen, and yet have believed.

In conclusion, we see that Jesus Christ is the eternal Son of God who was begotten of the Father from eternity past, and has existed since then. He was the agency through which Jehovah created the universe, and he has remained Jehovah’s regent in sustaining the world and governing it on behalf of his Father. Being of the same divine substance as God his Father (he being in the form of God), he too is divine. He took on human nature through the incarnation, via the virgin birth, to become the saviour of mankind through his propitiatory death on the cross. He ascended to heaven after his resurrection from death, to return to the glory he had in heaven with the Father before his incarnation. He is currently sitted at the right hand of the Father, where he continues to play the role of high priest for mankind. He will come back to earth again to establish a rule of righteousness and to judge sin and restore the earth to its pre-fall state. Thereafter, he will hand over the kingdom to the Father, who will then be all in all. As God’s eternal and only begotten son, Jesus is divine and is to be honored, revered, and worshipped just as the Father. He is not a second co-equal Almighty God with Jehovah. As Jehovah’s Son, Jesus is subservient and subordinate to the Father, and derives his authority from the Father. Almighty God, the Father, is God also to Jesus Christ! Just as the son and heir of a king being reverenced and obeyed as his father doesn’t make two kings in the kingdom, the worship and reverence of Jesus as the only begotten Son and heir of the living God doesn’t mean Christianity has more than one Almighty God. Christianity is still as monotheistic as Judaism, and Jehovah remains its only Almighty God, though the eternal divine Son, Jesus Christ, is God also, and has now been so revealed to mankind, though his existence is from eternity past. Let all therefore worship and honour the Son even as they worship and honour the Father.

Laying Up Treasures In Heaven

The argument has been settled in preceding articles about the lawfulness of wealth and riches for Christians. We’re to work hard and trust God to legitimately create all the wealth we can. Now, having acquired wealth, how should we use it? How are we to use the financial and material gifts God has given us to further attract his blessings and secure for ourselves eternal rewards? This article will focus on the use of wealth in ways that bless men and glorify God. We’ll explore the Scriptures briefly to find out what it means to lay up for ourselves treasures in heaven.

St. Matthew 6:19 “Don’t lay up treasures for yourselves on the earth, where moth and rust consume, and where thieves break through and steal;

St. Matthew 6:20 but lay up for yourselves treasures in heaven, where neither moth nor rust consume, and where thieves don’t break through and steal;

St. Matthew 6:21 for where your treasure is, there your heart will be also (WEB).

In the passage above, the Lord Jesus warned against the amassing and piling up of wealth on earth for wrongful purposes. The Bible encourages us to depend on God and work hard to create wealth, while also warning us against the hoarding of riches and the use of wealth in ways that don’t glorify God. We’re to create and use wealth to meet legitimate needs, not pile them up or hoard them for selfish interests! In the use of the gifts God has given us, the Lord makes it clear that our focus should be heavenly. What does it mean to pile up treasures on earth? What does it mean to lay up for ourselves treasures in heaven? Let’s examine some more portions of the Scriptures for a clearer understanding of this issue.

St. Luke 12:16 And he told them this parable: “The ground of a certain rich man yielded an abundant harvest.

St. Luke 12:17 He thought to himself, ’What shall I do? I have no place to store my crops.’

St. Luke 12:18 “Then he said, ’This is what I’ll do. I will tear down my barns and build bigger ones, and there I will store my surplus grain.

St. Luke 12:19 And I’ll say to myself, “You have plenty of grain laid up for many years. Take life easy; eat, drink and be merry.”’

St. Luke 12:20 “But God said to him, ’You fool! This very night your life will be demanded from you. Then who will get what you have prepared for yourself?’

St. Luke 12:21 “This is how it will be with whoever stores up things for themselves but is not rich toward God.” (NIV).

The parable above described the life of a rich man who was a perfect example of those who assiduously store up for themselves treasures on earth. He was blessed with plenty and was rich, a sign of divine favour. He decided to build bigger barns to store his plentiful harvest. This was a wise decision, for to save excess wealth is a prudent thing. However, his plans for his stored wealth revealed his gross selfishness and self-centeredness. His purpose for amassing wealth was to indulge his base lusts and drown his soul in carousing. His gathering of riches was to finance a lifestyle of gluttony, drunkenness and debauchery. He didn’t care about the poor and the needy around him. He didn’t care about the ministers of God. He didn’t care about the work of God on earth. All he cared about was his belly! When we pile up wealth only to consume it upon our lusts, we have nothing laid up for us in heaven. When we use our wealth to intimidate and oppress the poor and the needy, rather than to relieve their needs, we’re just piling up treasures that will be destroyed by rust, moth and thieves. Such wealth will yield no eternal rewards! When we’re rich materially but are not rich in charity and piety, our riches will be in vain, as they will fail us here on earth, and will not be recognised or honoured in heaven above! When we amass riches by defrauding and violating the poor, we should weep and howl, because not only will such riches be destroyed and plundered on earth, they will provoke God’s fiery judgement and wrath against us!

James 5:1 Now listen, you rich people, weep and wail because of the misery that is coming on you.

James 5:2 Your wealth has rotted, and moths have eaten your clothes.

James 5:3 Your gold and silver are corroded. Their corrosion will testify against you and eat your flesh like fire. You have hoarded wealth in the last days.

James 5:4 Look! The wages you failed to pay the workers who mowed your fields are crying out against you. The cries of the harvesters have reached the ears of the Lord Almighty.

James 5:5 You have lived on earth in luxury and self-indulgence. You have fattened yourselves in the day of slaughter.

James 5:6 You have condemned and murdered the innocent one, who was not opposing you.

James 5:7 Be patient, then, brothers and sisters, until the Lord’s coming. See how the farmer waits for the land to yield its valuable crop, patiently waiting for the autumn and spring rains.

James 5:8 You too, be patient and stand firm, because the Lord’s coming is near (NIV).

Riches are only of temporal value if they are not invested in things eternal. The way we use our wealth in relation to the poor and needy among us determines to a great extent if we’re just laying up treasures on earth that will not outlast us, or if we’re truly laying up eternal treasures in heaven. Jesus’ encounter with a rich ruler showed us one way through which we can lay up for ourselves treasures in heaven. As part of the answer to his question on how to inherit eternal life, Jesus told the rich man to extend charity to the poor and to become his disciple. The rich man was assured he would have treasures in heaven by extending help to the poor. That gives us a clue as to how to lay up for ourselves treasure in heaven- when we give to the poor, we lend to the Lord, and we will not lose our reward! By so doing, we’re laying up for ourselves treasures in heaven!

St. Luke 18:18 A certain ruler asked him, “Good teacher, what must I do to inherit eternal life?”

St. Luke 18:19 “Why do you call me good?” Jesus answered. “No one is good —except God alone.

St. Luke 18:20 You know the commandments: ’You shall not commit adultery, you shall not murder, you shall not steal, you shall not give false testimony, honor your father and mother.’ “

St. Luke 18:21 “All these I have kept since I was a boy,” he said.

St. Luke 18:22 When Jesus heard this, he said to him, “You still lack one thing. Sell everything you have and give to the poor, and you will have treasure in heaven. Then come, follow me.” (NIV).

St. Luke 14:12 Then Jesus said to his host, “When you give a luncheon or dinner, do not invite your friends, your brothers or sisters, your relatives, or your rich neighbors; if you do, they may invite you back and so you will be repaid.

St. Luke 14:13 But when you give a banquet, invite the poor, the crippled, the lame, the blind,

St. Luke 14:14 and you will be blessed. Although they cannot repay you, you will be repaid at the resurrection of the righteous.” (NIV).

Proverbs 19:17 Whoever is generous to the poor lends to the LORD, and he will repay him for his deed (ESV).

When we invest our lives, time, and other resources in the service of God, we’re laying up treasures for ourselves in heaven. Our labours of love in Christ have eternal rewards. Any deed done for the sake of the Lord and for the sake of his gospel is like making a deposit into our heavenly account. When we give even a cup of cold water to a servant of God, we’re laying up for ourselves treasures in heaven. When we give to support God’s work and God’s people, we’re enriching our heavenly account. We’ll reap whatever we sow. When we sow to the flesh (by indulging our lusts with our wealth), we shall reap destruction. When we sow to the Spirit (by investing in things eternal), we shall reap everlasting life and everlasting rewards.

St. Matthew 10:40 “Anyone who welcomes you welcomes me, and anyone who welcomes me welcomes the one who sent me.

St. Matthew 10:41 Whoever welcomes a prophet as a prophet will receive a prophet’s reward, and whoever welcomes a righteous person as a righteous person will receive a righteous person’s reward.

St. Matthew 10:42 And if anyone gives even a cup of cold water to one of these little ones who is my disciple, truly I tell you, that person will certainly not lose their reward.” (NIV).

Philippians 4:14 Yet it was good of you to share in my troubles.

Philippians 4:15 Moreover, as you Philippians know, in the early days of your acquaintance with the gospel, when I set out from Macedonia, not one church shared with me in the matter of giving and receiving, except you only;

Philippians 4:16 for even when I was in Thessalonica, you sent me aid more than once when I was in need.

Philippians 4:17 Not that I desire your gifts; what I desire is that more be credited to your account.

Philippians 4:18 I have received full payment and have more than enough. I am amply supplied, now that I have received from Epaphroditus the gifts you sent. They are a fragrant offering, an acceptable sacrifice, pleasing to God.

Philippians 4:19 And my God will meet all your needs according to the riches of his glory in Christ Jesus (NIV).

Hebrews 6:10 God is not unjust; he will not forget your work and the love you have shown him as you have helped his people and continue to help them.

Hebrews 6:11 We want each of you to show this same diligence to the very end, so that what you hope for may be fully realized (NIV).

Galatians 6:7 Do not be deceived: God cannot be mocked. A man reaps what he sows.

Galatians 6:8 Whoever sows to please their flesh, from the flesh will reap destruction; whoever sows to please the Spirit, from the Spirit will reap eternal life.

Galatians 6:9 Let us not become weary in doing good, for at the proper time we will reap a harvest if we do not give up.

Galatians 6:10 Therefore, as we have opportunity, let us do good to all people, especially to those who belong to the family of believers (NIV).

In conclusion, creating wealth and being rich is not a problem for a Christian; the problem lies in the way we use our riches. We can either pile them up on earth and use them in selfish and self-centred ways, or we can lay them up in heaven, by using them to foster God’s work and support God’s servants and the poor. Money is meant to be used to meet needs. However, the needs we decide to meet with our money will determine if we’re just wasting our resources on earth, or if we’re making eternal investments with them in heaven. John Wesley’s governing philosophy on the creation and utilisation of wealth captures this principle succinctly: “make all you can, save all you can, give all you can”. If we give all the money we can save to help the poor, the needy, God’s ministers and God’s work on earth, we’d be laying up for ourselves immense treasures in heaven!

Matthew 25:31 When the Son of Man comes in his glory, and all the angels with him, then he will sit on his glorious throne.

Matthew 25:32 Before him will be gathered all the nations, and he will separate people one from another as a shepherd separates the sheep from the goats.

Matthew 25:33 And he will place the sheep on his right, but the goats on the left.

Matthew 25:34 Then the King will say to those on his right, Come, you who are blessed by my Father, inherit the kingdom prepared for you from the foundation of the world.

Matthew 25:35 For I was hungry and you gave me food, I was thirsty and you gave me drink, I was a stranger and you welcomed me,

Matthew 25:36 I was naked and you clothed me, I was sick and you visited me, I was in prison and you came to me.

Matthew 25:37 Then the righteous will answer him, saying, Lord, when did we see you hungry and feed you, or thirsty and give you drink?

Matthew 25:38 And when did we see you a stranger and welcome you, or naked and clothe you?

Matthew 25:39 And when did we see you sick or in prison and visit you?

Matthew 25:40 And the King will answer them, Truly, I say to you, as you did it to one of the least of these my brothers, you did it to me.

Matthew 25:41 Then he will say to those on his left, Depart from me, you cursed, into the eternal fire prepared for the devil and his angels.

Matthew 25:42 For I was hungry and you gave me no food, I was thirsty and you gave me no drink,

Matthew 25:43 I was a stranger and you did not welcome me, naked and you did not clothe me, sick and in prison and you did not visit me.

Matthew 25:44 Then they also will answer, saying, Lord, when did we see you hungry or thirsty or a stranger or naked or sick or in prison, and did not minister to you?

Matthew 25:45 Then he will answer them, saying, Truly, I say to you, as you did not do it to one of the least of these, you did not do it to me.

Matthew 25:46 And these will go away into eternal punishment, but the righteous into eternal life (ESV).

Don’t Trust In Uncertain Riches!

Riches are blessings from God to enable us enjoy a life of comfort and peace. God himself gives the knowledge to make wealth and teaches his people to profit. However, despite the goodness of wealth and its divine origin, people can misuse riches and wrongly place confidence in them. People can easily shift focus from the giver of riches to the gift itself. If we’re not careful, our wealth can take the place of God and become an idol. We shall examine Scripture to understand how people can place unjustified and underserved confidence in wealth, and thus make an idol out of riches, to their own destruction.

1 Timothy 6:17 As for the rich in this world, charge them not to be proud and arrogant and contemptuous of others, nor to set their hopes on uncertain riches, but on God, Who richly and ceaselessly provides us with everything for [our] enjoyment (AMP).

Riches have a way of making people feel proud and arrogant. They have a way of making their owners look down contemptuously on other less fortunate people. Wealth has a tendency to inspire confidence in itself. Even children of God who got rich through God’s blessings and favour stand the risk of gradually shifting confidence and trust from the God who enabled them to be wealthy, to their own abilities and ultimately to their riches. It is an ever-present danger rich people face. Wealth can easily become a snare to their owners and take the place of God in their lives. Unless we specially guard against it, money has a ready tendency to become an idol, and the owners its worshippers!

Deuteronomy 8:6 Observe the commands of the LORD your God, walking in obedience to him and revering him.

Deuteronomy 8:7 For the LORD your God is bringing you into a good land —a land with brooks, streams, and deep springs gushing out into the valleys and hills;

Deuteronomy 8:8 a land with wheat and barley, vines and fig trees, pomegranates, olive oil and honey;

Deuteronomy 8:9 a land where bread will not be scarce and you will lack nothing; a land where the rocks are iron and you can dig copper out of the hills.

Deuteronomy 8:10 When you have eaten and are satisfied, praise the LORD your God for the good land he has given you.

Deuteronomy 8:11 Be careful that you do not forget the LORD your God, failing to observe his commands, his laws and his decrees that I am giving you this day.

Deuteronomy 8:12 Otherwise, when you eat and are satisfied, when you build fine houses and settle down,

Deuteronomy 8:13 and when your herds and flocks grow large and your silver and gold increase and all you have is multiplied,

Deuteronomy 8:14 then your heart will become proud and you will forget the LORD your God, who brought you out of Egypt, out of the land of slavery.

Deuteronomy 8:15 He led you through the vast and dreadful wilderness, that thirsty and waterless land, with its venomous snakes and scorpions. He brought you water out of hard rock.

Deuteronomy 8:16 He gave you manna to eat in the wilderness, something your ancestors had never known, to humble and test you so that in the end it might go well with you.

Deuteronomy 8:17 You may say to yourself, “My power and the strength of my hands have produced this wealth for me.”

Deuteronomy 8:18 But remember the LORD your God, for it is he who gives you the ability to produce wealth, and so confirms his covenant, which he swore to your ancestors, as it is today.

Deuteronomy 8:19 If you ever forget the LORD your God and follow other gods and worship and bow down to them, I testify against you today that you will surely be destroyed.

Deuteronomy 8:20 Like the nations the LORD destroyed before you, so you will be destroyed for not obeying the LORD your God (NIV).

Riches cannot be trusted because they’re uncertain. True riches are God-dependent blessings. To maintain them, we need to continually depend on, and trust in God. We need God to make wealth, and we need him even more to preserve and maintain the wealth. Turning our back on God after becoming prosperous is simply undermining the foundation of our wealth. It’s sabotaging our own prosperity. That was exactly the warning Moses gave Israel in his parting address in the book of Deuteronomy. God can quickly withdraw his blessings if we stop trusting in him and start trusting in ourselves or in the blessings. King Uzziah is a perfect example of those who rely on God to prosper, and then get lifted up with pride and kick against the God of their prosperity, in a self-destructive effort. His story is an example for all to learn from and take heed! We cannot contend with our Maker and win!

2 Chronicles 26:3 Uzziah was sixteen years old when he began to reign, and he reigned fifty-two years in Jerusalem. His mother’s name was Jecoliah of Jerusalem.

2 Chronicles 26:4 And he did what was right in the eyes of the LORD, according to all that his father Amaziah had done.

2 Chronicles 26:5 He set himself to seek God in the days of Zechariah, who instructed him in the fear of God, and as long as he sought the LORD, God made him prosper.

2 Chronicles 26:7 God helped him against the Philistines and against the Arabians who lived in Gurbaal and against the Meunites.

2 Chronicles 26:8 The Ammonites paid tribute to Uzziah, and his fame spread even to the border of Egypt, for he became very strong.

2 Chronicles 26:15 In Jerusalem he made engines, invented by skillful men, to be on the towers and the corners, to shoot arrows and great stones. And his fame spread far, for he was marvelously helped, till he was strong.

2 Chronicles 26:16 But when he was strong, he grew proud, to his destruction. For he was unfaithful to the LORD his God and entered the temple of the LORD to burn incense on the altar of incense (ESV).

It’s worth remembering that riches can develop wings and fly away. Disaster can strike the richest of the rich and reverse their fortunes overnight. The richest man can become the poorest in a twinkle of an eye. We saw that in the life of Job. In less than 24 hours, Job, the richest man in the East in his time, suddenly found himself among the poorest of the poor. In just one stroke of God-sanctioned satanic attack, Job’s wealthy empire collapsed and crumbled to pieces, like a pack of cards! Let him that thinks he stands take heed, lest he fall!

Job 1:1 There was a man in the land of Uz whose name was Job, and that man was blameless and upright, one who feared God and turned away from evil.

Job 1:3 He possessed 7,000 sheep, 3,000 camels, 500 yoke of oxen, and 500 female donkeys, and very many servants, so that this man was the greatest of all the people of the east.

Job 1:6 Now there was a day when the sons of God came to present themselves before the LORD, and Satan also came among them.

Job 1:7 The LORD said to Satan, From where have you come? Satan answered the LORD and said, From going to and fro on the earth, and from walking up and down on it.

Job 1:8 And the LORD said to Satan, Have you considered my servant Job, that there is none like him on the earth, a blameless and upright man, who fears God and turns away from evil?

Job 1:9 Then Satan answered the LORD and said, Does Job fear God for no reason?

Job 1:10 Have you not put a hedge around him and his house and all that he has, on every side? You have blessed the work of his hands, and his possessions have increased in the land.

Job 1:11 But stretch out your hand and touch all that he has, and he will curse you to your face.

Job 1:12 And the LORD said to Satan, Behold, all that he has is in your hand. Only against him do not stretch out your hand. So Satan went out from the presence of the LORD.

Job 1:13 Now there was a day when his sons and daughters were eating and drinking wine in their oldest brother’s house,

Job 1:14 and there came a messenger to Job and said, The oxen were plowing and the donkeys feeding beside them,

Job 1:15 and the Sabeans fell upon them and took them and struck down the servants with the edge of the sword, and I alone have escaped to tell you.

Job 1:16 While he was yet speaking, there came another and said, The fire of God fell from heaven and burned up the sheep and the servants and consumed them, and I alone have escaped to tell you.

Job 1:17 While he was yet speaking, there came another and said, The Chaldeans formed three groups and made a raid on the camels and took them and struck down the servants with the edge of the sword, and I alone have escaped to tell you.

Job 1:18 While he was yet speaking, there came another and said, Your sons and daughters were eating and drinking wine in their oldest brother’s house,

Job 1:19 and behold, a great wind came across the wilderness and struck the four corners of the house, and it fell upon the young people, and they are dead, and I alone have escaped to tell you.

Job 1:20 Then Job arose and tore his robe and shaved his head and fell on the ground and worshiped.

Job 1:21 And he said, Naked I came from my mother’s womb, and naked shall I return. The LORD gave, and the LORD has taken away; blessed be the name of the LORD (ESV).

Proverbs 23:5 Your money can be gone in a flash, as if it had grown wings and flown away like an eagle (GNT).

Those who trust in riches, and not in the God who gives riches, shall be thoroughly disappointed. When they least expect it, their wealth will develop wings and fly away. The man who makes wealth his confidence shall find it most untrustworthy. The same God who orchestrated his rise to riches is capable of masterminding his catastrophic fall from the pinnacle of wealth. To preserve the wealth that God has given you, you need to hold tight to God! When your riches increase, you need to increase your faith and trust in God! You need more of God as you grow more prosperous, not less. The higher you climb in fame and fortune, the more enemies you make, and the more you need God to protect, preserve and keep you from the forces of darkness lining up to pull you down! Only God’s hedge around you and around your properties can keep Satan and his destructive hordes at bay. See how Satan struck with venomous fury, when God permitted his hedge of protection around Job to be temporarily removed! Run deeper into God the more he blesses you, for that is the only way to secure, preserve and grow your riches.

Proverbs 11:28 He who leans on, trusts in, and is confident in his riches shall fall, but the [uncompromisingly] righteous shall flourish like a green bough (AMP).

Psalms 52:5 But God will break you down forever; he will snatch and tear you from your tent; he will uproot you from the land of the living. Selah

Psalms 52:6 The righteous shall see and fear, and shall laugh at him, saying,

Psalms 52:7 See the man who would not make God his refuge, but trusted in the abundance of his riches and sought refuge in his own destruction! (ESV).

Psalms 62:10 Put no trust in extortion; set no vain hopes on robbery; if riches increase, set not your heart on them (ESV).

In conclusion, let’s hear a parable from the Master, the Lord Jesus Christ, about how dangerous it can be to put confidence in one’s wealth. If we take heed to the warning embedded in this parable, we will safeguard our soul from the danger of trusting in uncertain riches. He who has ears, let him hear!

Luke 12:16 And he told them a parable, saying, The land of a rich man produced plentifully,

Luke 12:17 and he thought to himself, What shall I do, for I have nowhere to store my crops?

Luke 12:18 And he said, I will do this: I will tear down my barns and build larger ones, and there I will store all my grain and my goods.

Luke 12:19 And I will say to my soul, Soul, you have ample goods laid up for many years; relax, eat, drink, be merry.

Luke 12:20 But God said to him, Fool! This night your soul is required of you, and the things you have prepared, whose will they be?

Luke 12:21 So is the one who lays up treasure for himself and is not rich toward God (ESV).

The Love Of Money Is The Root Of All Kinds Of Evil

Luke 12:15 And he went on to say to them all, “Watch out and guard yourselves from every kind of greed; because your true life is not made up of the things you own, no matter how rich you may be.” (GNT).

The Bible is quite clear about the fact that God not only takes pleasure in the prosperity of his children, he also teaches them to profit and to make wealth. The Scripture is also unequivocal about the fact that riches and prosperity are God’s rewards for faithful service. God is a rewarder of those who diligently seek him! These truths are found all through the Bible, from Genesis to Revelation.

Inasmuch as God blesses his children who serve him diligently (with riches and wealth, among other things), people can also decide to pursue wealth and riches on their own, independent of God. People can also seek to enrich themselves through ungodly ways. The temptation to be wealthy at all costs and by all means can lead even God’s people into doing things that dishonour God and bring the gospel into disrepute, as well as jeopardise their salvation. Yes, riches and wealth are good gifts from God, but not all riches come through godly means! Yes, being rich and wealthy is good, but we must be careful how we go about making and using money. Wealth can bring a blessing or a curse, depending on how it’s acquired and used.

1 Timothy 6:10 The love of money is the root of all kinds of evil. Some have wandered away from the faith and have impaled themselves with a lot of pain because they made money their goal (CEB).

Money is good and useful, but we’re not to love it. The love of money, the Bible tells us, is the root of all kinds of evil. What does the Scripture mean by “the love of money”? The Greek word translated as “love of money” in the passage above is “philarguria“, which means avarice. The dictionary definitions of avarice include the following: an excessive or inordinate desire of gain; greediness after wealth; covetousness; lust. Thus, it becomes immediately clear that what the Bible warns against is not having money or being rich, but seeking after money through unwholesome ways. The love of money entails seeking riches through dishonest means, being greedy for wealth and profit, being covetous and lusting after money. A greedy and covetous man will follow all kinds of evil and devious ways to make money. Such a person has no scruples and will do anything to make wealth, including selling his soul to the devil!

God wants his children to prosper, but he wants them to do so through just, honest and righteous means. God prospers his children, but not all prosperity are from God! There is a prosperity of the righteous (through godly means) and there is also a prosperity of the wicked (through unjust means). The end of both types of prosperity are as different as their means- one ends in God’s favour and blessings, while the other ends with judgement and destruction. As children of God, let us then beware as we seek to prosper, for unless we follow God’s ways in seeking prosperity, we will end up making a shipwreck of our faith and piercing our souls with many sorrows!

Psalms 73:1 Surely God is good to Israel, to those who are pure in heart.

Psalms 73:2 But as for me, my feet had almost slipped; I had nearly lost my foothold.

Psalms 73:3 For I envied the arrogant when I saw the prosperity of the wicked.

Psalms 73:4 They have no struggles; their bodies are healthy and strong.

Psalms 73:5 They are free from common human burdens; they are not plagued by human ills.

Psalms 73:6 Therefore pride is their necklace; they clothe themselves with violence.

Psalms 73:7 From their callous hearts comes iniquity ; their evil imaginations have no limits.

Psalms 73:8 They scoff, and speak with malice; with arrogance they threaten oppression.

Psalms 73:9 Their mouths lay claim to heaven, and their tongues take possession of the earth.

Psalms 73:10 Therefore their people turn to them and drink up waters in abundance.

Psalms 73:11 They say, “How would God know? Does the Most High know anything?”

Psalms 73:12 This is what the wicked are like — always free of care, they go on amassing wealth.

Psalms 73:13 Surely in vain I have kept my heart pure and have washed my hands in innocence.

Psalms 73:14 All day long I have been afflicted, and every morning brings new punishments.

Psalms 73:15 If I had spoken out like that, I would have betrayed your children.

Psalms 73:16 When I tried to understand all this, it troubled me deeply

Psalms 73:17 till I entered the sanctuary of God; then I understood their final destiny.

Psalms 73:18 Surely you place them on slippery ground; you cast them down to ruin.

Psalms 73:19 How suddenly are they destroyed, completely swept away by terrors!

Psalms 73:20 They are like a dream when one awakes; when you arise, Lord, you will despise them as fantasies (NIV).

Fraudulent, dishonest and deceitful ways of seeking after riches may make one rich and wealthy. They may make one to prosper. However, such prosperity occurs at the expense of one’s soul and one’s salvation. One can actually sell off one’s soul to the devil in order to be wealthy. Satan offered Jesus that option, but the Lord rebuked him. The devil is still offering that option of prosperity through ungodly and devilish means, and many are taking up Satan’s offer, with no thought for the eternal consequences! Yes, even among Christians and ministers of the gospel, many are coveting after riches and pursuing after wealth unscrupulously! Many are using fraudulent, dishonest and ungodly schemes to make wealth even from the pulpit! Such merchants in the house of God will pervert the word of God and corrupt the gospel just to extort money from people. That is making merchandise of the word of God, and it will bring nothing but destruction to those who practise it!

St. Luke 4:5 The devil led him up to a high place and showed him in an instant all the kingdoms of the world.

St. Luke 4:6 And he said to him, “I will give you all their authority and splendor; it has been given to me, and I can give it to anyone I want to.

St. Luke 4:7 If you worship me, it will all be yours.”

St. Luke 4:8 Jesus answered, “It is written: ’Worship the Lord your God and serve him only.’ ” (NIV).

St. Matthew 16:26 And how do you benefit if you gain the whole world but lose your own soul in the process? Is anything worth more than your soul? (NLT).

Proverbs 20:17 Bread obtained by falsehood is sweet to a man,
But afterward his mouth will be filled with gravel (NASB).

2 Peter 2:1 But there were false prophets among the people, as there will be false teachers among you, who will secretly put forward wrong teachings for your destruction, even turning away from the Lord who gave himself for them; whose destruction will come quickly, and they themselves will be the cause of it.

2 Peter 2:2 And a great number will go with them in their evil ways, through whom the true way will have a bad name.

2 Peter 2:3 And in their desire for profit they will come to you with words of deceit, like traders doing business in souls: whose punishment has been ready for a long time and their destruction is watching for them (BBE).

1 Timothy 6:9 But those who crave to be rich fall into temptation and a snare and into many foolish (useless, godless) and hurtful desires that plunge men into ruin and destruction and miserable perishing (AMP).

Colossians 3:5 So put to death the parts of your life that belong to the earth, such as sexual immorality, moral corruption, lust, evil desire, and greed (which is idolatry) (CEB).

The only way to make wealth that pleases God is to flee from the love of money and embrace godliness and contentment. Only by seeking God and his righteousness first can we prosper in a way that will attract God’s blessings. Greed and covetousness and avarice will only destroy one’s soul in the end, while godliness with contentment will bring great gain, both here and hereafter. When you love God and serve him faithfully, he will bless and prosper you. When you love and serve wealth at the expense of godliness, you will lose your soul to the devil. One thing is sure: you cannot serve both God and riches. You must love one and hate the other; you cannot love and serve both God and mammon at the same time! It’s impossible! Money is meant to be our servant and not our master! Stop bowing down at the temple of mammon! Stop worshipping wealth!

1 Timothy 6:10 The love of money is the root of all kinds of evil. Some have wandered away from the faith and have impaled themselves with a lot of pain because they made money their goal.

1 Timothy 6:11 But as for you, man of God, run away from all these things. Instead, pursue righteousness, holy living, faithfulness, love, endurance, and gentleness (CEB).

1 Timothy 6:6 Actually, godliness is a great source of profit when it is combined with being happy with what you already have (CEB).

Hebrews 11:6 But without faith it is impossible to please and be satisfactory to Him. For whoever would come near to God must [necessarily] believe that God exists and that He is the rewarder of those who earnestly and diligently seek Him [out](AMP).

Matthew 6:31 Then do not be full of care, saying, What are we to have for food or drink? or, With what may we be clothed?

Matthew 6:32 Because the Gentiles go in search of all these things: for your Father in heaven has knowledge that you have need of all these things:

Matthew 6:33 But let your first care be for his kingdom and his righteousness; and all these other things will be given to you in addition (BBE).

Matthew 6:24 No man is able to be a servant to two masters: for he will have hate for the one and love for the other, or he will keep to one and have no respect for the other. You may not be servants of God and of wealth (BBE).

In conclusion, inasmuch as riches and wealth are blessings from God, Scripture enjoins us to flee from the avaricious love of money, for that is the root of all kinds of evil. God wants to bless his children with prosperity, but we must seek him diligently and follow after godliness even as we seek to prosper. True and lasting prosperity comes from seeking God’s kingdom first. Any prosperity obtained outside of God is satanic, and will destroy the soul in the end. We cannot love money and love God at the same time, for both are mutually exclusive, as the love of money entails greediness, covetousness and unscrupulousness in pursuing wealth. Only godliness with contentment will bring true and blessed prosperity to the soul.

Ecclesiastes 5:10 The one who loves money is never satisfied with money, and whoever loves wealth is never satisfied with income. This too is futile (HCSB).

Prosperity Versus Poverty: What’s God’s Desire For His Children?

It shouldn’t be a subject of debate that poverty is not a virtue, and that God delights in the prosperity of his servants. It’s no secret that having poor, beggarly children doesn’t glorify God. Being wealthy isn’t a sin, for we see God making many of his devout servants extremely rich. Yet, some Christians still vilify wealth and glorify poverty. We’ve heard some Christians talk about the “blessedness of poverty” and the “curse of prosperity”. What does the Bible say concerning prosperity? What’s God’s will for his children when it comes to the issue of acquiring wealth? We shall examine Scripture to find God’s mind concerning the issue of prosperity for his children.

Psalms 35:27 Let them shout for joy, and be glad, that favor my righteous cause: yes, let them say continually, Let the LORD be magnified, which has pleasure in the prosperity of his servant (AKJV).

The Hebrew word translated as prosperity in the verse above is “shalom“. Its various meanings include “peace”, “welfare”, “good health”, “well-being” and “wholeness”. That God wants his children to be at peace, to be sound in body, soul and spirit, and to do well in life, shouldn’t surprise anyone, simply because God loves his children! He loves us more than our earthly parents do, and earnestly desires to give us all the good things of life! God is no sadist!

Matthew 7:7 Ask, and it will be given to you; seek, and you will find; knock, and it will be opened to you.

Matthew 7:8 For everyone who asks receives, and the one who seeks finds, and to the one who knocks it will be opened.

Matthew 7:9 Or which one of you, if his son asks him for bread, will give him a stone?

Matthew 7:10 Or if he asks for a fish, will give him a serpent?

Matthew 7:11 If you then, who are evil, know how to give good gifts to your children, how much more will your Father who is in heaven give good things to those who ask him! (ESV).

Yes, if our earthly parents who are evil can give us good things and desire for us to prosper, how much more will our heavenly Father give good things to his children who ask him! How much more will he prosper those who seek him! God wants his children to ask and receive the good things of life from him, so that our lives will be filled with joy. He wants his children to live glorious and fulfilled lives. That’s the reason he sent his only begotten Son, Jesus Christ, to come to earth. Christ came to die and pay the ransom for our sins, so that we can be delivered from the bondage of sin, sickness, disease, poverty, shame and sorrow. He became poor on our behalf so that we, through his poverty, might become rich! Christ came so that we may have and enjoy a life of abundant prosperity! That’s what the Bible says!

St. John 16:23 “In that day you will ask me no questions. Most certainly I tell you, whatever you may ask of the Father in my name, he will give it to you.

St. John 16:24 Until now, you have asked nothing in my name. Ask, and you will receive, that your joy may be made full (WEB).

John 10:10 The thief comes only in order to steal and kill and destroy. I came that they may have and enjoy life, and have it in abundance (to the full, till it overflows) (AMP).

2 Corinthians 8:9 You know how full of love and kindness our Lord Jesus Christ was. Though he was very rich, yet for your sakes he became poor, so that by his poverty he could make you rich (NLT).

Matthew 6:31 Don’t worry and say, ‘What will we eat?’ or ‘What will we drink?’ or ‘What will we wear?’

Matthew 6:32 The people who don’t know God keep trying to get these things, and your Father in heaven knows you need them.

Matthew 6:33 Seek first God’s kingdom and what God wants. Then all your other needs will be met as well (NCV).

God’s will for his children is that we prosper and be healthy, even as our souls prosper. God’s salvation encompasses wholeness of our entire being (body, soul and spirit), as well as our material well-being and comfort. Christ doesn’t just save our souls from spiritual death and damnation in hell. He also delivers us from all the curses of the fall, including bodily sickness and diseases, as well as the sufferings of poverty and hardship brought about by the fall. Yes, total prosperity is God’s will for his children!

3 John 1:2 Beloved, I pray that you may prosper in all things and be healthy, even as your soul prospers (NHEB).

One of the evidences of divine favour is material prosperity and wealth. We see it repeatedly displayed throughout the Bible. God promised to bless and prosper the righteous here on earth, during their lifetime. We see the evidence in the lives of godly men and women who prospered abundantly in their times, because of divine favour and blessings upon them. God’s people have been among the richest men and women that have walked upon the earth. Their wealth was a constant reminder of God’s faithfulness to bless and to prosper those who trust in him. God is faithful, and he will keep his promises to all who hold unto him, without fail!

Deuteronomy 28:1 If you fully obey the LORD your God and carefully follow all his commands I give you today, the LORD your God will set you high above all the nations on earth.

Deuteronomy 28:2 All these blessings will come on you and accompany you if you obey the LORD your God:

Deuteronomy 28:3 You will be blessed in the city and blessed in the country.

Deuteronomy 28:4 The fruit of your womb will be blessed, and the crops of your land and the young of your livestock —the calves of your herds and the lambs of your flocks.

Deuteronomy 28:5 Your basket and your kneading trough will be blessed.

Deuteronomy 28:6 You will be blessed when you come in and blessed when you go out.

Deuteronomy 28:7 The LORD will grant that the enemies who rise up against you will be defeated before you. They will come at you from one direction but flee from you in seven.

Deuteronomy 28:8 The LORD will send a blessing on your barns and on everything you put your hand to. The LORD your God will bless you in the land he is giving you.

Deuteronomy 28:9 The LORD will establish you as his holy people, as he promised you on oath, if you keep the commands of the LORD your God and walk in obedience to him.

Deuteronomy 28:10 Then all the peoples on earth will see that you are called by the name of the LORD, and they will fear you.

Deuteronomy 28:11 The LORD will grant you abundant prosperity —in the fruit of your womb, the young of your livestock and the crops of your ground —in the land he swore to your ancestors to give you.

Deuteronomy 28:12 The LORD will open the heavens, the storehouse of his bounty, to send rain on your land in season and to bless all the work of your hands. You will lend to many nations but will borrow from none.

Deuteronomy 28:13 The LORD will make you the head, not the tail. If you pay attention to the commands of the LORD your God that I give you this day and carefully follow them, you will always be at the top, never at the bottom.

Deuteronomy 28:14 Do not turn aside from any of the commands I give you today, to the right or to the left, following other gods and serving them (NIV).


Job 1:1 There was a man named Job who lived in the land of Uz. He was blameless, a man of complete integrity. He feared God and stayed away from evil.

Job 1:2 He had seven sons and three daughters.

Job 1:3 He owned seven thousand sheep, three thousand camels, five hundred teams of oxen, and five hundred female donkeys, and he employed many servants. He was, in fact, the richest person in that entire area (NLT).

Job 42:12 So the Lord blessed Job in the second half of his life even more than in the beginning. For now he had fourteen thousand sheep, six thousand camels, one thousand teams of oxen, and one thousand female donkeys (NLT).

Genesis 22:15 Then the angel of the Lord called to Abraham a second time from heaven,

Genesis 22:16 and said, “By Myself I have sworn, declares the Lord, because you have done this thing and have not withheld your son, your only son,

Genesis 22:17 indeed I will greatly bless you, and I will greatly multiply your seed as the stars of the heavens and as the sand which is on the seashore; and your seed shall possess the gate of their enemies.

Genesis 22:18 In your seed all the nations of the earth shall be blessed, because you have obeyed My voice.” (NASB).

Genesis 24:34 So he said, “I am Abraham’s servant.

Genesis 24:35 The Lord has greatly blessed my master, so that he has become rich; and He has given him flocks and herds, and silver and gold, and servants and maids, and camels and donkeys (NASB).

Genesis 26:12 Now Isaac sowed in that land and reaped in the same year a hundredfold. And the Lord blessed him,

Genesis 26:13 and the man became rich, and continued to grow richer until he became very wealthy;

Genesis 26:14 for he had possessions of flocks and herds and a great household, so that the Philistines envied him (NASB).

1 Kings 3:3 Solomon showed he loved the Lord by following the commands his father David had given him, except many other places of worship were still used to offer sacrifices and to burn incense.

1 Kings 3:4 King Solomon went to Gibeon to offer a sacrifice, because it was the most important place of worship. He offered a thousand burnt offerings on that altar.

1 Kings 3:5 While he was at Gibeon, the Lord appeared to him in a dream during the night. God said, “Ask for whatever you want me to give you.”

1 Kings 3:6 Solomon answered, “You were very kind to your servant, my father David. He obeyed you, and he was honest and lived right. You showed great kindness to him when you allowed his son to be king after him.

1 Kings 3:7 Lord my God, now you have made me, your servant, king in my father’s place. But I am like a little child; I don’t know how to do what must be done.

1 Kings 3:8 I, your servant, am here among your chosen people, and there are too many of them to count.

1 Kings 3:9 I ask that you give me a heart that understands, so I can rule the people in the right way and will know the difference between right and wrong. Otherwise, it is impossible to rule this great people of yours.”

1 Kings 3:10 The Lord was pleased that Solomon had asked this.

1 Kings 3:11 So God said to him, “You did not ask for a long life, or riches for yourself, or the death of your enemies. Since you asked for wisdom to make the right decisions,

1 Kings 3:12 I will do what you asked. I will give you wisdom and understanding that is greater than anyone has had in the past or will have in the future.

1 Kings 3:13 I will also give you what you did not ask for: riches and honor. During your life no other king will be as great as you.

1 Kings 3:14 If you follow me and obey my laws and commands, as your father David did, I will also give you a long life.” (NCV).

1 Kings 10:23 So Solomon had more riches and wisdom than all the other kings on earth (NCV).

It shouldn’t surprise anyone that God’s children should be among the richest and wealthiest people on earth. The reason is simple: the earth is the Lord’s, as well as everything in it. Also, it is God that gives the knowledge and wisdom to make wealth. It is God that gives wealth. That being so, shouldn’t the children of God have greater access to the wisdom and knowledge to make wealth, since their God and their Father is the source of all wisdom and knowledge? Shouldn’t God particularly favour his children in teaching them how to make wealth? Yes, he does! God not only delights in the prosperity of his children, he actually equips and empowers them with the knowledge and skills to make and enjoy wealth!

Psalms 24:1 The earth is the Lord’s, and everything in it. The world and all its people belong to him (NLT).

Deuteronomy 8:18 Always remember that it is the Lord your God who gives you power to become rich, and he does it to fulfill the covenant he made with your ancestors (NLT).

Isaiah 48:17 Thus says the Lord,
your Redeemer, the Holy One of Israel:
“I am the Lord your God, who teaches you to profit, who leads you in the way you should go.

Isaiah 48:18 O that you had hearkened to my commandments! Then your peace would have been like a river, and your righteousness like the waves of the sea; (RSV).

1 Chronicles 29:10 David praised the LORD in the presence of the whole assembly, saying, “Praise be to you, LORD, the God of our father Israel, from everlasting to everlasting.

1 Chronicles 29:11 Yours, LORD, is the greatness and the power and the glory and the majesty and the splendor, for everything in heaven and earth is yours. Yours, LORD, is the kingdom; you are exalted as head over all.

1 Chronicles 29:12 Wealth and honor come from you; you are the ruler of all things. In your hands are strength and power to exalt and give strength to all (NIV).

We need money to take care of ourselves and others around us. We need money to solve problems and propagate the gospel. Money is not evil, as long as it remains our servant. Money is a defence and an answer to many of our needs and problems in the world. It is the love and worship of money that’s evil, not money itself. Poverty is not a virtue, as it can frustrate people and make them steal and commit other crimes. Poverty is a curse that leads to sufferings, sicknesses and premature and untimely death! Being unable to take care of ourselves and those around us makes us worse than infidels! That’s what the Bible teaches!

Ecclesiastes 7:12 For wisdom is a defense, even as money is a defense; but the excellency of knowledge is that wisdom preserves the life of him who has it (WEB).

Ecclesiastes 10:19 A feast is made for laughter, and wine makes the life glad; and money is the answer for all things (WEB).

1 Timothy 5:8 But if anyone doesn’t provide for his own, and especially his own household, he has denied the faith, and is worse than an unbeliever (WEB).

Proverbs 30:7 “Two things I have asked of you; don’t deny me before I die:

Proverbs 30:8 Remove far from me falsehood and lies. Give me neither poverty nor riches. Feed me with the food that is needful for me;

Proverbs 30:9 lest I be full, deny you, and say, ‘Who is Yahweh?’ or lest I be poor, and steal, and so dishonor the name of my God (WEB).

Finally, Jesus himself made it abundantly clear that those who follow and serve him will start receiving their blessings here on earth. He made us understand our rewards for being Christians will start here and now in this lifetime, in terms of both material and spiritual blessings. Yes, we will be blessed with eternal life and eternal prosperity in the Kingdom Age and for all eternity. Yes, we’ll receive the crown of glory at the end of our ministry, for faithfully serving the Lord. However, the rewards and blessings of following Christ as Lord and Saviour start here and now, in this present world! The gratification for being a child of God is both immediate and delayed; it’s both temporal and eternal! Let no one therefore tell you that your reward is only in heaven! Let no one tell you poverty is a virtue! Jesus didn’t honour or glorify poverty, and neither should we!

Mark 10:28 Peter said to him, “Look, we’ve left everything and followed you.”

Mark 10:29 Jesus said, “I assure you that anyone who has left house, brothers, sisters, mother, father, children, or farms because of me and because of the good news

Mark 10:30 will receive one hundred times as much now in this life—houses, brothers, sisters, mothers, children, and farms (with harassment)—and in the coming age, eternal life (CEB).

St. Luke 6:38 “Give, and it will be given to you: good measure, pressed down, shaken together, and running over, will be given to you. For with the same measure you measure it will be measured back to you.” (WEB).

In conclusion, we’ve seen from Scripture that it’s God’s will that his children prosper and be healthy, even as their souls prosper. We’ve seen also that God doesn’t just delight in the prosperity of his children, he equally teaches them how to make wealth and how to prosper. Money is a defence and an answer to many of our human needs and problems. Money is also needed to propagate the gospel and foster the work of God on earth. Godliness and prosperity are not mutually exclusive, as some of the most godly men and women on earth have been some of the wealthiest. Jesus promised his followers great rewards (spiritual and material) for faithful service, starting here and now, and culminating in the crown of life and glory in the hereafter. Prosperity is therefore not a vice, as poverty is not also a virtue! From the overwhelming evidence of Scripture alone, we safely conclude that prosperity is a blessing from God, which his children need to acknowledge, embrace and enjoy without guilt.

The Biblical Fast: Fasting That Pleases God And Achieves Results

Fasting is a spiritual act of worship that humbles the soul before God. It involves partial or total abstinence from food and/or water, as well as other carnal pleasures, for a specified period of time, during which the individual gives himself to prayers. Fasting is associated with seeking God’s face in desperate circumstances, as well as in mourning for sin and other calamities, and was widely practised in biblical times. However, some people have questioned its relevance in the New Testament, equating it with works of the Law. Is fasting still relevant in this dispensation of grace? And if so, how are Christians to fast in order to please God and achieve results? We shall examine Scripture to answer these questions.

Fasting was a common practice in biblical times, as recorded in both the Old and New Testaments. Jesus was recorded to have fasted for a lengthy period at the start of his ministry. We are told that he was led into the wilderness by the Holy Spirit and fasted for forty days and forty nights. This was to prepare himself for his earthly ministry and the temptation he was going to face. He no doubt continued this practice of fasting throughout his ministry, as evidenced by some of his remarks.

Matthew 4:1 Then Jesus was led up by the Spirit into the wilderness to be tempted by the devil.

Matthew 4:2 And after fasting forty days and forty nights, he was hungry.

Matthew 4:3 And the tempter came and said to him, If you are the Son of God, command these stones to become loaves of bread.

Matthew 4:4 But he answered, It is written, Man shall not live by bread alone, but by every word that comes from the mouth of God.

Matthew 4:5 Then the devil took him to the holy city and set him on the pinnacle of the temple

Matthew 4:6 and said to him, If you are the Son of God, throw yourself down, for it is written, He will command his angels concerning you, and On their hands they will bear you up, lest you strike your foot against a stone.

Matthew 4:7 Jesus said to him, Again it is written, You shall not put the Lord your God to the test.

Matthew 4:8 Again, the devil took him to a very high mountain and showed him all the kingdoms of the world and their glory.

Matthew 4:9 And he said to him, All these I will give you, if you will fall down and worship me.

Matthew 4:10 Then Jesus said to him, Be gone, Satan! For it is written, You shall worship the Lord your God and him only shall you serve.

Matthew 4:11 Then the devil left him, and behold, angels came and were ministering to him (ESV).

John the Baptist and his disciples also fasted often. Before his death and resurrection, the disciples of Jesus apparently weren’t much into fasting. This was noted by John’s disciples and the Pharisees, who questioned Jesus about it. His response was very instructive. Jesus made it clear he didn’t exempt his disciples from fasting. They apparently didn’t see any need for fasting while Jesus was with them. However, according to Jesus, a time would come when he would be taken away from them and then they would begin to fast! A time was coming, Jesus said, when fasting would become necessary for the disciples!

Matthew 9:14 Then the disciples of John came to him, saying, Why do we and the Pharisees fast, but your disciples do not fast?

Matthew 9:15 And Jesus said to them, Can the wedding guests mourn as long as the bridegroom is with them? The days will come when the bridegroom is taken away from them, and then they will fast (ESV).

True to Jesus’ words, we see the apostles fasting often after his ascension. Paul was an outstanding apostle, and by far the chief of the apostles. For sure, God’s grace was abundant upon him, but he did not frustrate the grace of God. He laboured more abundantly than all the others who were apostles before him, in order to make the grace of God count. Key to that effort to effectively harness the grace of God in his life and ministry was prayer coupled with fasting! Paul made it abundantly clear that he fasted often!

2 Corinthians 11:22 Are they Hebrews? So am I. Are they Israelites? So am I. Are they the seed of Abraham? So am I.

2 Corinthians 11:23 Are they servants of Christ? (I speak as one beside himself) I am more so; in labors more abundantly, in prisons more abundantly, in stripes above measure, in deaths often.

2 Corinthians 11:24 Five times from the Jews I received forty stripes minus one.

2 Corinthians 11:25 Three times I was beaten with rods. Once I was stoned. Three times I suffered shipwreck. I have been a night and a day in the deep.

2 Corinthians 11:26 I have been in travels often, perils of rivers, perils of robbers, perils from my countrymen, perils from the Gentiles, perils in the city, perils in the wilderness, perils in the sea, perils among false brothers;

2 Corinthians 11:27 in labor and travail, in watchings often, in hunger and thirst, in fastings often, and in cold and nakedness.

2 Corinthians 11:28 Besides those things that are outside, there is that which presses on me daily, anxiety for all the assemblies (WEB).

Paul listed fasting as one of the ways through which ministers show themselves forth as true servants of God. He not only fasted, he fasted often! Paul also described fasting as an act of worship through which believers serve God. His own ministry, like that of our Lord, was launched by prayer and fasting, and energised throughout by it! Paul (addressed as Saul at the beginning of his ministry) was a man given to prayer and fasting!

The Acts 13:1 Now in the assembly that was at Antioch there were some prophets and teachers: Barnabas, Simeon who was called Niger, Lucius of Cyrene, Manaen the foster brother of Herod the tetrarch, and Saul.

The Acts 13:2 As they served the Lord and fasted, the Holy Spirit said, “Separate Barnabas and Saul for me, for the work to which I have called them.”

The Acts 13:3 Then, when they had fasted and prayed and laid their hands on them, they sent them away.

The Acts 13:4 So, being sent out by the Holy Spirit, they went down to Seleucia. From there they sailed to Cyprus (WEB).

2 Corinthians 6:3 We give no occasion of stumbling in anything, that our service may not be blamed,

2 Corinthians 6:4 but in everything commending ourselves, as servants of God, in great endurance, in afflictions, in hardships, in distresses,

2 Corinthians 6:5 in beatings, in imprisonments, in riots, in labors, in watchings, in fastings;

2 Corinthians 6:6 in pureness, in knowledge, in patience, in kindness, in the Holy Spirit, in sincere love,

2 Corinthians 6:7 in the word of truth, in the power of God; by the armor of righteousness on the right hand and on the left,

2 Corinthians 6:8 by glory and dishonor, by evil report and good report; as deceivers, and yet true;

2 Corinthians 6:9 as unknown, and yet well known; as dying, and behold, we live; as punished, and not killed (WEB).

Paul equally expected believers to fast regularly. In his first Epistle to the Corinthians, he mentioned fasting as a reason for married couples to mutually agree to abstain from sexual relations. Married people were to pray and fast regularly (and abstain from sex during this period) so that they would develop self-control inorder to be able to resist sexual temptations. When someone in the Corinthian church was living immorally with his father’s wife, Paul expected the church to be mourning over this sin rather than rejoicing, an allusion to the practice of fasting as a way of mourning for sin and other calamities, as a show of humble repentance and prostration before God for mercy.

1 Corinthians 7:3 Let the husband render to his wife the affection owed her, and likewise also the wife to her husband.

1 Corinthians 7:4 The wife doesn’t have authority over her own body, but the husband. Likewise also the husband doesn’t have authority over his own body, but the wife.

1 Corinthians 7:5 Don’t deprive one another, unless it is by consent for a season, that you may give yourselves to fasting and prayer, and may be together again, that Satan doesn’t tempt you because of your lack of self-control (WEB).

1 Corinthians 5:1 It is actually reported that there is sexual immorality among you, and of a kind that even pagans do not tolerate: A man is sleeping with his father’s wife.

1 Corinthians 5:2 And you are proud! Shouldn’t you rather have gone into mourning and have put out of your fellowship the man who has been doing this? (NIV).

Jesus himself emphasised the necessity of prayer coupled with fasting. He taught that some demons could not be cast out of people, except by prayer and fasting. His disciples had tried in vain to cast out some demons from someone. When Jesus did it so effortlessly, the disciples were humbled and wondered why they themselves could not do same. The answer was simple: some demons can’t be cast out except by fasting and prayer!That’s what Jesus himself taught!

St. Mark 9:17 One of the multitude answered, “Teacher, I brought to you my son, who has a mute spirit;

St. Mark 9:18 and wherever it seizes him, it throws him down, and he foams at the mouth, and grinds his teeth, and wastes away. I asked your disciples to cast it out, and they weren’t able.”

St. Mark 9:19 He answered him, “Unbelieving generation, how long shall I be with you? How long shall I bear with you? Bring him to me.”

St. Mark 9:20 They brought him to him, and when he saw him, immediately the spirit convulsed him, and he fell on the ground, wallowing and foaming at the mouth.

St. Mark 9:21 He asked his father, “How long has it been since this has come to him?” He said, “From childhood.

St. Mark 9:22 Often it has cast him both into the fire and into the water, to destroy him. But if you can do anything, have compassion on us, and help us.”

St. Mark 9:23 Jesus said to him, “If you can believe, all things are possible to him who believes.”

St. Mark 9:24 Immediately the father of the child cried out with tears, “I believe. Help my unbelief!”

St. Mark 9:25 When Jesus saw that a multitude came running together, he rebuked the unclean spirit, saying to him, “You mute and deaf spirit, I command you, come out of him, and never enter him again!”

St. Mark 9:26 Having cried out, and convulsed greatly, it came out of him. The boy became like one dead; so much that most of them said, “He is dead.”

St. Mark 9:27 But Jesus took him by the hand, and raised him up; and he arose.

St. Mark 9:28 When he had come into the house, his disciples asked him privately, “Why couldn’t we cast it out?”

St. Mark 9:29 He said to them, “This kind can come out by nothing, except by prayer and fasting.” (WEB).

Now, having established the necessity and relevance of fasting for New Testament believers, let’s quickly examine the type of fasting that pleases God and achieves results. Like all other religious obligations, except we do things lawfully and scripturally, we end up serving God in vain. People may just be starving themselves while thinking they’re fasting! Therefore, to avoid fasting in vain, let’s examine Scripture to see the type of fasting God recommends.

St. Matthew 6:16 “Moreover when you fast, don’t be like the hypocrites, with sad faces. For they disfigure their faces, that they may be seen by men to be fasting. Most certainly I tell you, they have received their reward.

St. Matthew 6:17 But you, when you fast, anoint your head, and wash your face;

St. Matthew 6:18 so that you are not seen by men to be fasting, but by your Father who is in secret, and your Father, who sees in secret, will reward you (WEB).

We are warned against hypocrisy in fasting. Hypocrites do their religious duties for others to see and applaud. Those who fast hypocritically disfigure their faces for all who see them to know they’re fasting. They wear long mournful faces, and never miss the opportunity to let people know they’re fasting. According to the Lord, that’s hypocrisy. That doesn’t impress God and it doesn’t attract any divine reward. Rather, we’re instructed to look cheerful when we’re fasting, so as to distract others from knowing what we’re doing. Our fasting should be known only by God, if possible. When we fast to please God only, when we fast in secret, God who sees in secret will reward us openly. Fasting, like prayer and giving, is not to be announced publicly, otherwise we lose our reward from God! Fasting is not for show off!

God is not pleased when people fast with strife, bitterness and malice in their hearts. When we display wickedness to others while fasting, when we turn our faces away from the poor and needy while fasting, our fasting is in vain. Fasting becomes an unprofitable hypocritical ritual when we fast with wicked hearts and evil intentions! Some people even fast for God to harm or kill their enemies! God will not honour fastings that emanate from malice and wickedness to our fellow men!

Isaiah 58:1 “Shout with the voice of a trumpet blast. Tell my people Israel of their sins!

Isaiah 58:2 Yet they act so pious! They come to the Temple every day and seem delighted to hear my laws. You would almost think this was a righteous nation that would never abandon its God. They love to make a show of coming to me and asking me to take action on their behalf.

Isaiah 58:3 ‘We have fasted before you!’ they say. ‘Why aren’t you impressed? We have done much penance, and you don’t even notice it!’ “I will tell you why! It’s because you are living for yourselves even while you are fasting. You keep right on oppressing your workers.

Isaiah 58:4 What good is fasting when you keep on fighting and quarreling? This kind of fasting will never get you anywhere with me.

Isaiah 58:5 You humble yourselves by going through the motions of penance, bowing your heads like a blade of grass in the wind. You dress in sackcloth and cover yourselves with ashes. Is this what you call fasting? Do you really think this will please the Lord?

Isaiah 58:6 “No, the kind of fasting I want calls you to free those who are wrongly imprisoned and to stop oppressing those who work for you. Treat them fairly and give them what they earn.

Isaiah 58:7 I want you to share your food with the hungry and to welcome poor wanderers into your homes. Give clothes to those who need them, and do not hide from relatives who need your help.

Isaiah 58:8 “If you do these things, your salvation will come like the dawn. Yes, your healing will come quickly. Your godliness will lead you forward, and the glory of the Lord will protect you from behind.

Isaiah 58:9 Then when you call, the Lord will answer. ‘Yes, I am here,’ he will quickly reply. “Stop oppressing the helpless and stop making false accusations and spreading vicious rumors!

Isaiah 58:10 Feed the hungry and help those in trouble. Then your light will shine out from the darkness, and the darkness around you will be as bright as day.

Isaiah 58:11 The Lord will guide you continually, watering your life when you are dry and keeping you healthy, too. You will be like a well-watered garden, like an ever-flowing spring.

Isaiah 58:12 Your children will rebuild the deserted ruins of your cities. Then you will be known as the people who rebuild their walls and cities (NLT).

A word of caution concerning fasting: people should fast according to their abilities and according to the grace they’ve received from God. Also, individuals should factor in their medical conditions while fasting. People with pre-existing medical conditions should get clearance from their physicians before fasting. Pregnant women should also avoid fasting. As much as possible, people should avoid prolonged fasting that can have dangerous effects on health and well-being. Fasting should not be seen as a competition, but rather as a service to be rendered to God according to the grace given to each one.

Romans 12:6 We have different gifts, according to the grace given to each of us. If your gift is prophesying, then prophesy in accordance with your faith;

Romans 12:7 if it is serving, then serve; if it is teaching, then teach;

Romans 12:8 if it is to encourage, then give encouragement; if it is giving, then give generously; if it is to lead, do it diligently; if it is to show mercy, do it cheerfully (NIV).

In conclusion, fasting as a means of humbling oneself before God through abstinence from food and carnal pleasures is still as relevant for God’s people today as it was in biblical times. However, it can easily turn to unproductive hunger strike if done with wrong motives and intentions. The fast that God desires must be done with pure motives, and it must be a secret between the faster and God. Only fasting done in this way attracts blessings from God.